This think may break WordPress.  My goal is 10 thousand lines.  I have this better formatted in Excel.  There are errors in spelling.  There are errors in sequence.  Some of the links will not work.  I see that the formatting doesn’t even work, something about over 9,000 href calls).  Damnit, I’m putting the pooch out there.

This is a snapshot of the ongoing labor of 6 years or so of reading books, magazines and google searches and recording whatever catches my fancy.  This started out as a transportation timeline for my book, but has become about how we got to now.

This interests me because it says something about the meaning of hunger, of expectations, and of trust.  I owe it to us to make this more readable.

Click to embiggen

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_the_universe’><b>13.8 bya<b>:

Formation of universe</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>13.3 bya<b>: 1st Stars

form by heating hydrogen gas, reionization</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chronology_of_the_universe#Formation_of_stars’><b

>13.2 bya<b>: Formation of galaxies</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=tl1.htm’><b>12 bya<b>:

Structure of Universe forms</a><br>

<a href=”http://rddnickel.com/stories-historytimeline%20ch1.html’><b>8.3 bya<b>:

Formation of Milky Way</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Dating_of_the_Geologic

_record’><b>4.57 bya<b>: Primal Supernova seeds our galaxy with heavy

metals</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Dating_of_the_Geologic

_record’><b>4.56 bya <b>: Formation of Sun from hydrogen cloud</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>4.55 bya<b>: Formation of

Solar System</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.scientificpsychic.com/etc/timeline/timeline.html’><b>4.54

bya<b>: Formation of Earth</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>4.54 bya<b>: Oldest Meteorite Fragments found</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>4.54 bya<b>:

Collision of Earth and Theia, forming debris rings around Earth</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Dating_of_the_Geologic

_record’><b>4.5 bya <b>: Sun enters main sequence;solar wind</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moon’><b>4.4 bya<b>: Formation of

Moon</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>4.4 bya<b>: Earth’s crust forms</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20prokaryotes.htm’><b>4.4

bya<b>: Oceans formed</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Dating_of_the_Geologic

_record’><b>4.4 bya<b>: Oldest known mineral – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>4.4 bya<b>:

Earth’s axis of rotation stabilizes with moon</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/2014/01/early-start-plate-tectonics-

subduction’><b>4.3 bya<b>: Oldest possible rocks, Greenstone – Canada</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Dating_of_the_Geologic

_record’><b>4.25 bya <b>: Earliest evidence of life, based on concentration of light

Isotopes of Carbon – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>4.1 bya<b>:

Crust solidifies, (reducing) atmosphere and oceans form</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geological_history_of_Earth’><b>4.1 bya<b>:

Late Heavy Bombardment begins, to last for 300 ml years</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>4.1 bya<b>:

First signs of life</a><br>

<a href=”http://rddnickel.com/stories-historytimeline%20ch1.html’><b>4 bya<b>:

Promethian bombardment, oceans vaporize</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eoarchean’><b>4 bya<b>: 2nd Oldest Solid

Rocks – Greenland</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eoarchean’><b>4 bya<b>: Earth has firm crust

for first time</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Dating_of_the_Geologic

_record’><b>4 bya<b>: Oldest aggregation of minerals; “rock” – Canada</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>4 bya<b>: Napier

Orogeny – Anarctica</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>3.9

bya<b>: Late Heavy Bombardment</a><br>

<a href=”http://mobile.nytimes.com/2016/07/26/science/last-universal-

ancestor.html?referer=https://news.google.com/&_r=1′><b>3.9 bya<b>: Last Universal

Common Ancestor, 355 genes, hot hydrogen metabolism</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=tl1.htm’><b>3.9 bya<b>:

Earliest life, proto-cells</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Eoarchean_Era’><b>3.

85 bya<b>: Earliest evidence of carbon enrichment through photosynthesis –

Greenland</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/2014/01/early-start-plate-tectonics-

subduction’><b>3.8 bya<b>: Earliest possible subduction, plate tectonics</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eoarchean’><b>3.8 bya<b>: 3rd Oldest Solid

Rocks – Greenland</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>3.8 bya<b>: Late Heavy

Bombardment ends</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Eoarchean_Era’><b>3.

8 bya<b>: East European Craton, Ukranian Shield, and Voronezh Massif form</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20prokaryotes.htm’><b>3.8

bya<b>: Early evidence for life</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.gwu.edu/~darwin/BiSc151/Origin/origin.html’><b>3.8 bya<b>:

Oldest fossils of cells – Greenland</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-017-0138′><b>3.8 bya<b>: Life

dependent on Geochemical energy</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Eoarchean_Era’><b>3.

75 bya<b>: Nuvvuagittuq Greenstone Belt forms – Canada</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Eoarchean_Era’><b>3.

7 bya<b>: Kaapval Craton forms – South Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Eoarchean_Era’><b>3.

7 bya<b>: Biogenic graphite evidence of photosynthesis – Greenland</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vaalbara’><b>3.6 bya<b>: Formation of first

super-continent, Vaalbara – S. Africa & W. Australia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleoarchean_Era’><b&gt;

3.6 bya<b>: Formation of Barberton Greenstone Belt – South Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/globalchange1/current/lectures/Perry_Samso

n_lectures/evolution_atm/’><b>3.6 bya<b>: 1st cells, chemoautotrophs</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>3.5 bya<b>: Rayner

Orogeny – Anarctica</a><br>

<a href=”http://knowledge.allianz.com/environment/climate_change/?624/climate-

timeline-a-short-history-of-the-earths-climate’><b>3.5 bya<b>: Faint Young Sun

Paradox, Greenhouse atmosphere</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geological_history_of_Earth’><b>3.5 bya<b>:

Solar Wind 100x as strong as today</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geological_history_of_Earth’><b>3.5 bya<b>:

Earth’s Magnetic Field Established</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geological_history_of_Earth’><b>3.5 bya<b>:

Magnetophere half the radius of today</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>3.5

bya<b>: Split between Bacteria and Archaea, last universal ancestor</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www2.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/BioBookPaleo2.html’><b

>3.5 bya<b>: Oldest Prokaryote fossil</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=tl1.htm’><b>3.5 bya<b>: 1st

Bacteria</a><br>

<a href=”The Origins of Virtue – Matt Ridley p14′><b>3.5 bya<b>: Bacteria with 1,000

genes</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20prokaryotes.htm’><b>3.5

bya<b>: 1st Methane-producing bacteria</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=tl1.htm’><b>3.5 bya<b>: 1st

Fermentation</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=tl1.htm’><b>3.5 bya<b>: 1st

Chromosomes</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>3.5 bya<b>:

1st photosynthesis – anoxic</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=tl1.htm’><b>3.5 bya<b>: 1st

Viruses</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www2.humboldt.edu/natmus/lifeThroughTime/PreCam.web/index.htm’><b&gt;

3.5 bya<b>: Earliest microfossils</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>3.5 bya<b>:

Eariest sign of Photosynthesis</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleoarchean_Era’><b&gt;

3.48 bya<b>: Microbial Mat Fossil – Australia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleoarchean_Era’><b&gt;

3.48 bya<b>: 1st Stromatolites – Australia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleoarchean_Era’><b&gt;

3.46 bya<b>: Zimbabwe craton Forms</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleoarchean_Era’><b&gt;

3.4 bya<b>: Stabilization of Baltic Shield begins</a><br>

<a

href=”https://www.facebook.com/artFido/videos/924957804262448/?fref=nf’><b>3.4

bya<b>: 1st Photosynthesis converts heat to Energy, producing Sulfate</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_photosynthesis’><b>3.4 bya<b>:

Fossils of filamentous photosynthetic organisms</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleoarchean_Era’><b&gt;

3.34 bya<b>: Johannesberg Done forms, Oldest Granite to date</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleoarchean_Era’><b&gt;

3.3 bya<b>: Beginning of Compression Tectonics</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleoarchean_Era’><b&gt;

3.26 bya<b>: Barberton Asteroid Collision, 10x size of K-P asteroid – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”The Vital Question – Nick Lane’><b>3.2 bya<b>: Life extracting electrons out

of everything but water, using early photosynthesis</a><br>

<a href=”The Vital Question – Nick Lane’><b>3.2 bya<b>: Most modern forms of

metabolism already evolved in bacteria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ur_(continent)’><b>3.1  bya<b>: Ur

supercontinent forms</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>3 bya<b>:

Nearby moon produces tides 1000 ft. high</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>3 bya<b>: Humboldt

Orogeny – Antarctica</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>3 bya<b>: Saamian

Orogeny – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanzania_Craton’><b>3 bya<b>: Tanzania

Craton forms</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>3 bya<b>:

Oxidation of iron out of oceans, producing iron ore</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/2014/01/early-start-plate-tectonics-

subduction’><b>3 bya<b>: Latest possible subduction, plate tectonics</a><br>

<a href=”http://rddnickel.com/stories-historytimeline%20ch1.html’><b>3 bya<b>:

Formation of Stromatolites common near coasts</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>3 bya<b>: Oldest Fossil, bacteria</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>3 bya<b>: 1st

Cyanobacteria – Photosynthesis producing Oxygen</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Mesoarchean_Era’><b&gt;

2.94 bya<b>: Yigarn Craton forms – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.geosociety.org/gsatoday/archive/23/10/pdf/i1052-5173-23-10-

4.pdf’><b>2.9 bya<b>: Pongola Ice Age begins</a><br>

<a href=”http://rddnickel.com/stories-historytimeline%20ch1.html’><b>2.8  bya<b>:

Vaalbara breaks up</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ur_(continent)’><b>2.8  bya<b>: Ur

supercontinent breaks up</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>2.8  bya<b>: Lopian

Orogeny – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_glaciation’><b>2.8  bya<b>:

Pongola Ice Age Ends</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>2.7 bya<b>: Kenoran

Orogeny – N. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenorland’><b>2.7 bya<b>: Kenorland

supercontinent forms – North America, Scandinavia & Australia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neoarchean_Era’><b>2

.7 bya<b>: 1st Supervolcano, Blake River Megacaldera Complex – Canada</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neoarchean_Era’><b>2

.7 bya<b>: Possible Mantle overturn event</a><br>

<a

href=”http://paleobiology.si.edu/geotime/main/htmlversion/proterozoic4.html’><b>2.7

bya<b>: Oxygen producing cyanobacteria</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20EUKARYOTES.htm’><b>2.7

bya<b>: Earliest possible Eukaryotes, commn ancestors to all Plants, Animals, and

Fungi</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neoarchean_Era’><b>2

.65 bya<b>: Insell Orogeny – Antarctica</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neoarchean_Era’><b>2

.6 bya<b>: Saturation of Oxygen in Ocean Sediments reached as oxygen appears in

Atmosphere</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenorland’><b>2.5 bya<b>: Kenorland breaks up

into Kola and Karelia continents</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbia_%28supercontinent%29′><b>2.5

bya<b>: Columbia supercontinent forms – S, & N. America, India, Europe,

Australia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neoarchean_Era’><b>2

.5 bya<b>: Great oxygenation Event</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neoarchean_Era’><b>2

.5 bya<b>: 1st Mega-Extinction of Anoxic Archaebacteria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>2.5 bya<b>:

1st organisms to use Oxygen</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>2.5 bya<b>:

Citric acid cycle and oxidate phosphorylation evolve for energy, ATP</a><br>

<a href=”The Vital Question – Nick Lane’><b>2.5 bya<b>: Modern Geochemical cycles in

place: Carbon, Nitrogen, Suphur, Iron</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neoarchean_Era’><b>2

.44 bya<b>: Formation of Gawler Craton – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extinction_event’><b>2.4 bya<b>: Great

Oxygenation Event continues poisoning anoxic species</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geological_history_of_oxygen’><b>2.4 bya<b>:

Oxygen produced absorbed by oceans and rocks, low equilibrium <5% for next billion

years</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>2.4 bya<b>: Sleaford

Orogeny – Australia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neoarchean_Era’><b>2

.4 bya<b>: Dharwar Craton forms – India</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neoarchean_Era’><b>2

.4 bya<b>: Suavjarvi Impact Crater forms – Russia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_glaciation’><b>2.4 bya<b>:

Huronian Ice age begns</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_photosynthesis’><b>2.4 bya<b>:

Ability to produce electrons from water in photosynthesis.</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20EUKARYOTES.htm’><b>2.3

bya<b>: Snowball Earth</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-017-0138′><b>2.3 bya<b>: Great

Oxygenation event  completes, atmosphere transformed</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Rhyacian_Period’><b>2

.25 bya<b>: Bushveld Igneous Complex, Highest concentrstion of Platinum-group

Minerals – Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20prokaryotes.htm’><b>2.2

bya<b>: Great Oxygenation Event complete</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eburnean_orogeny’><b>2.2 bya<b>: Eburnean

Orogeny – Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20EUKARYOTES.htm’><b>2.2

bya<b>: 1% modern Oxygen level in atmosphere</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Rhyacian_Period’><b>2

.2 bya<b>: Beginning of Continental Red Bed formation, Oxidized rock</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Rhyacian_Period’><b>2

.2 bya<b>: Stillwater Complex forms – N. America</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20prokaryotes.htm’><b>2.1

bya<b>: Enough Oxygen in atmosphere to rust iron for 1st time</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_glaciation’><b>2.1 bya<b>:

Huronian Ice age ends</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>2.1 bya<b>:

1st fossils of eukaryotes with mitochodria and chloroplasts within</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20EUKARYOTES.htm’><b>2.1

bya<b>: Large Eukaryote Alga Grypania, 0.5 mm wide x 0.5 m long</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/history_of_the_earth’><b>2.1 bya<b>: 1st

Multicellular life</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>2.1 bya<b>: Earliest multicelluar fossil</a><br>

<a href=”http://rddnickel.com/stories-historytimeline%20ch1.html’><b>2 bya<b>:

Asteroid impact</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>2 bya<b>: Ruker

Orogeny – Anarctica</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>2 bya<b>: Svecoffenian

Orogeny – Scandinavia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>2 bya<b>: Wopmay

Orogeny – Canada</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>2 bya<b>: Glenburgh

Orogeny – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=tl1.htm’><b>2 bya<b>:

Columbia supercontinete forms for 800 my</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantica’><b>2 bya<b>: Continent Atlantica

forms</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=ozone.htm’><b>2 bya<b>:

Formation of Ozone Layer</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=respirat.htm’><b>2 bya<b>:

Evolution of Respiration</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.nrm.se/download/18.4e32c81078a8d9249800021552/Bengtson2002pr

edation.pdf’><b>2 bya<b>: Earliest possible bacterial predators</a><br>

<a href=”http://rddnickel.com/stories-historytimeline%20ch1.html’><b>1.9 bya<b>:

Asteroid impact</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbia_%28supercontinent%29′><b>1.9

bya<b>: Columbia supercontinent breaks up</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>1.9 bya<b>: Hudsonian

Orogeny – N. America</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20EUKARYOTES.htm’><b>1.9

bya<b>: 15% modern Oxygen levels</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.nrm.se/download/18.4e32c81078a8d9249800021552/Bengtson2002pr

edation.pdf’><b>1.9 bya<b>: Oldest Eukaryotic fossil, Grypania</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>1.9 bya<b>: Penokean

Orogeny – N. America</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Rhyacian_Period’><b>1

.9 bya<b>: Completion of Continental Red Bed formation, Oxidized rock</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erg_(landform)’><b>1.9 bya<b>: Oldest Ergs

(Dry, windswept deserts) form</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>1.9 bya<b>: Kimban

Orogeny – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>1.9 bya<b>: Barramundi

Orogeny – Australia</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20prokaryotes.htm’><b>1.9

bya<b>: Significant amount of Iron oxidizing</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erg_(landform)’><b>1.78 bya<b>: Colorado

Orogeny</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>1.77 bya<b>: Big Sky

Orogeny – N. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>1.76 bya<b>: Yavapai

Orogeny – N. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>1.75 bya<b>: Gothian

Orogeny – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>1.7 bya<b>: Yapungku

Orogeny – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>1.7 bya<b>: Albany-

Fraser Orogeny begins – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>1.7 bya<b>: Guiana

Shield Forms – S. America</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20EUKARYOTES.htm’><b>1.7

bya<b>: Eukaryotes Common</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>1.68 bya<b>: Mangaroon

Orogeny – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>1.65 bya<b>: Kararan

Orogeny – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbia_%28supercontinent%29′><b&gt; <b>:

Columbia supercontent breaks up</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b&gt; <b>: Mazatzal Orogeny –

  1. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b&gt; <b>: Isan Orogeny  –

Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesoproterozoic’><b&gt; <b>: Continental masses

much the same as today, little subduction since</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesoproterozoic’><b&gt; <b>: Oxygen in

Atmosphere at 1%</a><br>

<a href=”’><b> <b>: 1st Blue-green algae</a><br>

<a href=”The Origins of Virtue – Matt Ridley p14′><b> <b>: Single celled Protozoa with

10,000 genes</a><br>

<a href=”The Vital Question – Nick Lane’><b> <b>: Earliest fossil that could be a

Eukaryote</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suns%C3%A1s_orogeny’><b>1.5 bya<b>:

Santa Helena Orogeny – S. America</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Calymmian_Period’><b

>1.5 bya<b>: Formation of Ghats province in India</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Calymmian_Period’><b

>1.5 bya<b>: First structurally complex Eukaryotes, Hododyskia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>1.5 bya<b>: Symbiosis between Eukaryotes and Chloroplasts in plants</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>1.4 bya<b>: Earliest fossil of Fungi</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suns%C3%A1s_orogeny’><b>1.3 bya<b>:

Candeias Orogeny – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suns%C3%A1s_orogeny’><b>1.3 bya<b>: San

Andres Orogeny – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>1.3 bya<b>: 1st modern

photosyntheitic seaweed</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flood_basalt’><b>1.3 bya<b>: Mackenze Large

Igneous Province Flood Basalt – Canada</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=tl1.htm’><b>1.2 bya<b>:

Columbia supercontent broken up</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grenville_orogeny’><b>1.2 bya<b>: Appalachian

Mountains begin to form, Grenville  Orogeny</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>1.2

bya<b>: Santa Fe impact Crater – NM</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_photosynthesis’><b>1.2 bya<b>:

Red and Brown Algae have more complex structures than bacteria</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www2.humboldt.edu/natmus/lifeThroughTime/PreCam.web/index.htm’><b&gt;

1.2 bya<b>: Multicellular animals, proto-Coelentrates – Australia, Asia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>1.2 bya<b>: Oldest fossil with differentiated cells</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ectasian’><b>1.2 bya<b>: Earliest fossil with

Sexual Reproduction, B. pubescens – Yukon, Canada</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=algae.htm’><b>1.2 bya<b>: 1st

Algae</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_plants#Colonization_of_land&#8217;

><b>1.2 bya<b>: 1st Photosynthetic organisms on land</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>1.1 bya<b>: Musgrave

Orogeny  – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Suns%C3%A1s_orogeny’><b>1.1 bya<b>: Nova

Brasilandia Orogeny – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://rddnickel.com/stories-historytimeline%20ch1.html’><b>1.1 bya<b>:

Rodinia supercontinent forms</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Midcontinent_Rift_System’><b>1.1 bya<b>:

Keweenawan Rift, precursor to Lake Superior – Midwest US</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>1.1

bya<b>: 1st Dinoflagellates</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Stenian_Period’><b>1.

1 bya<b>: 1st Predator-prey relationships</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesoproterozoic’><b>1.1 bya<b>: Stromatolites

at their peak dominance</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/globalchange1/current/lectures/Perry_Samso

n_lectures/evolution_atm/’><b>1 bya<b>: Oxygen in Atmosphere in modern amounts:

20%</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>1 bya<b>: Nimrod

Orogeny – Anarctica</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>1 bya<b>: Albany-Fraser

Orogeny completes – Australia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Tonian_Period’><b>1

bya<b>: Rayner Orogeny as India and Antarctica collide.</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20EUKARYOTES.htm’><b>1

bya<b>: Grypania extinct</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Tonian_Period’><b>1

bya<b>: Rapid diversification of Artiarchs indicates prey-predatr relationship with

Dinoflagellates.</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>1

bya<b>: Multicellular life, colonial algae</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=tl1.htm’><b>1 bya<b>: 1st

Hormones</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=death.htm’><b>1 bya<b>: 1st

cellular death</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.nrm.se/download/18.4e32c81078a8d9249800021552/Bengtson2002pr

edation.pdf’><b>1 bya<b>: Probable beginning of predation</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=death.htm’><b>1 bya<b>: 1st

Fungi</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=ecosyste.htm’><b>1 bya<b>:

1st modern ecosystem</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/globalchange1/current/lectures/kling/paleocli

mate/’><b>950 mya<b>: Gnejso Ice age and Greenhouse oscillations</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>920 mya<b>: Edmundian

Orogeny  – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cariri_Velhos_belt’><b>900 mya<b>: Cariri

Velhos Orogeny – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cariri_Velhos_belt’><b>900 mya<b>: Brasiliano

Orogeny – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>900 mya<b>:

481 18-hour days in a year, Earth’s rotation has slowed ever since</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>900 mya<b>:

1st animal kingdom, choanoflagellates</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Tonian_Period’><b>90

0 mya<b>: 1st plants, Glenobotrydion</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20EUKARYOTES.htm’><b>900

mya<b>: 1st Sex between multicellular organisms</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zambezi_Belt’><b>890 mya<b>: 1st Zambezi

Belt Orogeny</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn18949-the-history-of-ice-on-

earth.html#.VRFF-mYd96k’><b>850 mya<b>: Cryogean period (200 ml years)

begins</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>850 mya<b>:

Supercontinent Rodinia begins to break up</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flood_basalt’><b>850 mya<b>: Arabian-Nubian

Shield Flood Basalt – Mideast</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_plants#Colonization_of_land&#8217;

><b>850 mya<b>: Terrestrial algae begin to impact atmospheric Oxygen

amounts</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Tonian_Period’><b>80

0 mya<b>: Carbon Cycle disrupted and Earth enters second Snowball Earth

Event</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tonian’><b>800 mya<b>: 1st metazoans,

multicellular animals</a><br>

<a href=”Origin of Virtue – Matt Ridley p16′><b>800 mya<b>: Latest evidence of

Organelles, Mitochondria and Chloroplasts, in Eukaryotic cells</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryogenian’><b>720 mya<b>: Sturtian

Glaciation begins, beginning of most severe, Cryogenian period</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snowball_Earth’><b>775 mya<b>: 1st snowball

Earth Ice Age, Kaigas</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-017-0138′><b>770 mya<b>: 1st

armored algae, presumably against herbivory by eukaryotes</a><br>

<a href=”http://rddnickel.com/stories-historytimeline%20ch1.html’><b>750 mya<b>:

Rodinia supercontinent broken up</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Tonian_Period’><b>75

0 mya<b>: Kaigas glaciation covers much of Earth</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>750

mya<b>: 1st protozoa, Similar to Paramecium, Amoeba, and Melanoncyrillium</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www2.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/BioBookPaleo2.html’><b

>750 mya<b>: Eukaryote Fossils</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www2.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/biobk/BioBookPaleo2.html’><b

>750 mya<b>: Earliest multicellular fossils</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_photosynthesis’><b>750 mya<b>:

Green algae outcompete Red and Brown algae in shallow water</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20EUKARYOTES.htm’><b>740

mya<b>: Global Glaciation</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snowball_Earth’><b>730 mya<b>: 1st snowball

Earth Ice Age, Kaigas, ends</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_glaciation’><b>715 mya<b>:

Sturtian Ice age begins</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.geosociety.org/gsatoday/archive/23/10/pdf/i1052-5173-23-10-

4.pdf’><b>705 mya<b>: 2nd snowball Earth Ice Age, Sturtian, ends</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/02/science/the-evolution-of-sleep-700-

million-years-of-melatonin.html?_r=0′><b>700 mya<b>: 1st Sleep</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Cryogenian_Period’><b

>700 mya<b>: 1st testate Amoebae</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Snowball_Earth’><b>700 mya<b>: 3rd snowball

Earth Ice Age, Varanger</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryogenian’><b>720 mya<b>: Sturtian

Glaciation ends</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sponge#Fossil_record’><b>710 mya<b>: 1st

Fossil Sponges</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_glaciation’><b>680 mya<b>:

Sturtian Ice age ends</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=032′><b>67

0 mya<b>: Varanger/Marinoan Ice age begins</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>670 mya<b>: Cadomian

Orogeny – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryogenian’><b>670 mya<b>: 1st

Demosponges, 1st skeletons of silica</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_African_Orogeny’><b>640 mya<b>: East

African Orogeny</a><br>

<a href=”http://rddnickel.com/stories-historytimeline%20ch1.html’><b>635 mya<b>:

3rd snowball Earth Ice Age, Varanger/Marinoan ends</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ediacaran’><b>635 mya<b>: Sudden Climate

change ends Cryoginian</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Cryogenian_Period’><b

>635 mya<b>: Final period of worldwide glaciation ends</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=ediacaran.htm’><b>635

mya<b>: Ediacarian period, strange animals</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozambique_Belt’><b>630 mya<b>:

Mozambique Orogeny – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_plants’><b>630

mya<b>: Cryogean period ends</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>630 mya<b>: Beardmore

Orogeny – Anarctica</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_plants#Colonization_of_land&#8217;

><b>630 mya<b>: Earliest evolution of land plants</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>620 mya<b>: Timanide

Orogeny – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>600

mya<b>: Formation of Ozone Layer from Atmospheric Oxygen</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/salt-ancient-iapetus-ocean-appalachia-

virginia’><b>600 mya<b>: Iapetus Ocean formed – Eastern US</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20EUKARYOTES.htm’><b>600

mya<b>: Precambrian Glaciation</a><br>

<a href=”The Vital Question – Nick Lane’><b>600 mya<b>: End of last Snowball Earth

Period</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Cryogenian_Period’><b

>600 mya<b>: Pan African Orogeny begins</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>600

mya<b>: Beaverhead Impact Crater – ID</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geological_history_of_Earth’><b>600 mya<b>:

Pannotia Supercontinent forms</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/600moll.jpg’><b>600 mya<b>: Land in one mass

to south and over Pacific Ocean, ice at south pole</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>600 mya<b>: Megaextinction, Vendian, possibly complete

replacement</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.nrm.se/download/18.4e32c81078a8d9249800021552/Bengtson2002pr

edation.pdf’><b>600 mya<b>: Latest possible bacterial predators</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>600 mya<b>: Development of T3 receptors, enabling complex nervous systems in

Chordata</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-017-0138′><b>600 mya<b>: Great

Oxygenation oxidation of oceans complets</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>590

mya<b>: 1st multicellular animals, Sponges</a><br>

<a href=”http://news.sciencemag.org/biology/2015/03/oldest-known-sponge-pushes-

back-date-key-split-animal-

evolution?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=social&utm_campaign=twitter’><b>590

mya<b>: Earliest sponge fossil – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>590

mya<b>: 1st animals with neurons, Ctenophora</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>590 mya<b>:

1st animals with muscles, Ctenophora</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>590 mya<b>:

1st animals with mouths, Ctenophora</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_glaciation’><b>580 mya<b>:

Gaskiers Glaciation</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/history_of_the_earth’><b>580 mya<b>: 1st

Arthropods</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>580 mya<b>: Earliest Animal fossils, Cnidarians</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>580

mya<b>: 1st moving multicellular animal, Cnidarians</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>580

mya<b>: Earliest sensitivity to light</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>580

mya<b>: 1st animals with radial symmetry, Cnidarian</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-017-0138′><b>575 mya<b>: 1st

animals as herbivores on plants and carnivores on other animals</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-017-0138′><b>575 mya<b>: Most

species still microbial</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/560moll.jpg’><b>560 mya<b>: Pannotia begins

to break up, no more ice at poles</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>560

mya<b>: 1st Fungi</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Ediacaran_Period’><b&gt;

560 mya<b>: 1st Worm burrow fossils</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilateria’><b>555 mya<b>: 1st animals with

bilateral symmetry – Bilateria</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Ediacaran_Period’><b&gt;

555 mya<b>: 1st possible Mollusk, Kimberella</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taconic_orogeny’><b>550 mya<b>: Taconic

Orogeny begins – New England</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>550 mya<b>: Ross

Orogeny begins – Anarctica</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pan-African_orogeny’><b>550 mya<b>: Pan

African Orogeny peaks – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>550 mya<b>: Petermann

Orogeny  – Australia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Ediacaran_Period’><b&gt;

550 mya<b>: 1st Comb Jellies, Modern Sponges, Corals, & Anemones</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>550 mya<b>:

1st animals with brains, Platyhelminthes</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>550 mya<b>:

1st animals with eyes, Platyhelminthes</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>550 mya<b>:

1st animals with modern embryology, Platyhelminthes</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_glaciation’><b>547 mya<b>:

Baykonur Glaciation</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Ediacaran_Period’><b&gt;

547 mya<b>: Small Shelly Fauna</a><br>

<a

href=”https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Guangyi_Wei/publication/325462767_Marine

_redox_fluctuation_as_a_potential_trigger_for_the_Cambrian_explosion/links/5b117c5ea

6fdcc4611db7436/Marine-redox-fluctuation-as-a-potential-trigger-for-the-Cambrian-

explosion.pdf’><b>542 mya<b>: Collapse in Oxygen levels</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extinction_event’><b>542 mya<b>: Edicaran

Extinction, possibly ocean anoxia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_photosynthesis’><b>542 mya<b>:

End of Cyanobacteria as primary producers, replaced by multicellular plants</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=tl1.htm’><b>542 mya<b>: 1st

Molluscs</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>542 mya<b>:

1st circulatory system with heart, Acorn Worms</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>542 mya<b>:

1st  kidneys, Acorn Worms</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>542 mya<b>:

1st gills, Acorn Worms</a><br>

<a href=”The Vital Question – Nick Lane’><b>541 mya<b>: Cambrian

Explosion</a><br>

<a

href=”https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Guangyi_Wei/publication/325462767_Marine

_redox_fluctuation_as_a_potential_trigger_for_the_Cambrian_explosion/links/5b117c5ea

6fdcc4611db7436/Marine-redox-fluctuation-as-a-potential-trigger-for-the-Cambrian-

explosion.pdf’><b>541 mya<b>: 1st Brachiopods</a><br>

<a href=”http://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_the_eye’><b>540 mya<b>:

Earliest Fossil with eyes</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Cambrian_Period’><b&gt;

540 mya<b>: Pannotia supercontnetn breaks up into Laurentia, Baltica, and

Gondwana</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zambezi_Belt’><b>540 mya<b>: 2nd Zambezi

Belt Orogeny</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pampean_orogeny’><b>540 mya<b>: Pampean

Orogeny – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-38800987′><b>540 mya<b>:

1st Deuterostomes – proto-vertebrates</a><br>

<a href=”http://www2.humboldt.edu/natmus/e_LifeThroughTime.html’><b>535

mya<b>: Cambrian Explosion underway : Chordates, Arthropods, Echinoderms, Molluscs,

etc</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-017-0138′><b>535 mya<b>:

Proliferation of large animal species</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>530

mya<b>: Earliest footprints on land in fossil record – Canada</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>530

mya<b>: 1st Chordates, Pikaia, similar to Lancelet</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fortunian’><b>529 mya<b>: 1st shelled

fossils</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vertebrate#Evolutionary_history’><b>525

mya<b>: 1st Vertebrates, Myllokunmingia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Guangyi_Wei/publication/325462767_Marine

_redox_fluctuation_as_a_potential_trigger_for_the_Cambrian_explosion/links/5b117c5ea

6fdcc4611db7436/Marine-redox-fluctuation-as-a-potential-trigger-for-the-Cambrian-

explosion.pdf’><b>524 mya<b>: Collapse in Oxygen levels</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambrian_Stage_2′><b>521 mya<b>: 1st

Trilobites</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/End-Botomian_mass_extinction’><b>517

mya<b>: Botomian Extinction</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambrian’><b>510 mya<b>: Cambrian O2

concentration 63% of Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambrian’><b>510 mya<b>: Cambrian CO2

concentration 16x Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambrian’><b>510 mya<b>: Cambrian

Temperature 7° C above Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambrian’><b>510 mya<b>: Cambrian Sea

Level rising from +100′ to +300′ of modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>510 mya<b>: Delamarian

Orogeny  – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>510

mya<b>: 1st Cephalopods</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_plants’><b>510 mya<b>: Early

evolution of land plants from Green Algae</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambrian_Series_2′><b>509 mya<b>:

Megaextinction</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>505 mya<b>:

1st Vertebrates with skeleton, ostracoderms</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>505

mya<b>: Rock Elm Impact Crater – WI</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>505

mya<b>: Newporte Impact Crater – ND</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>505

mya<b>: Burgess Shale formed</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extinction_event’><b>502 mya<b>: Dresbachian

Extinction</a><br>

<a href=”http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000RvGeo..38…37W’><b>500 mya<b>: Day

22 hours long, </a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/7%20EUKARYOTES.htm’><b>500

mya<b>: Gondwana begins to form</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>500 mya<b>: Lachlan

Orogeny  – Australia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>500

mya<b>: Grover Bluff Impact Crater – WI</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/500moll.jpg’><b>500 mya<b>: Northern tip of

Rodinia begins to disintegrate</a><br>

<a href=”http://news.discovery.com/human/evolution/dna-mistake-evolution-

120724.htm’><b>500 mya<b>: Animal genome doubling</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>500 mya<b>: 1st plants and animals entering freshwater rivers and

land</a><br>

<a href=”http://scienceandevolution.blogspot.com/2007/11/500-million-year-old-

jellyfish.html’><b>500 mya<b>: Oldest Jellyfish fossil</a><br>

<a href=”The Origins of Virtue – Matt Ridley p14′><b>500 mya<b>: Multi-celled animals

contain billion cells</a><br>

<a href=”The Origins of Virtue – Matt Ridley p14′><b>500 mya<b>: Largest animal on

Earth is a trilobite</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_the_brain’><b>500 mya<b>: 1st

animals with brains, Annelids</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.economist.com/news/science-and-technology/21724986-

heartless-beasts-how-does-animal-no-heart-circulate-oxygen’><b>500 mya<b>: Sea

Spiders</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>495

mya<b>: 1st Teeth, Conodont</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Famatinian_orogeny’><b>490 mya<b>:

Famatinian Orogeny, Andes Mountains – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>490 mya<b>: Caledonian

Orogeny begins – Europe</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>490 mya<b>: Earliest Possible terrestrial animal, fossil tracks</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>488 mya<b>:

Mega-extinction  – Cambrian-Ordovician</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=tl1.htm’><b>488 mya<b>: 1st

Vertebrates</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>485

mya<b>: 1st bony fishes, jawless</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geological_history_of_Earth’><b>485 mya<b>:

Cambrian-Ordovician Extinction Event</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordovician’><b>485 mya<b>: Hot Climate from

high CO2 in Atmosphere, Ocean temps around 110 F</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>485 mya<b>: Ross

Orogeny completes – Anarctica</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Famatinian_orogeny’><b>480 mya<b>:

Famatinian Orogeny – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>480 mya<b>: 1st Jawed fishes, Placoderms</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>476 mya<b>: Earliest Plant Spore Fossils</a><br>

<a href=”http://bobpickett.org/TIMELINE.htm’><b>475 mya<b>: 1st land plants,

mosses and liverworts</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/470moll.jpg’><b>470 mya<b>: Small continent

begins to calve from the east</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordovician’><b>470 mya<b>: Ordovician Meteor

Event</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>470 mya<b>: Ordovician Sea Level rising to +722</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>470

mya<b>: Ames Impact Crater – OK</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_plants’><b>470

mya<b>: Earliest fossils of land plants – Saudi Arabia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn18949-the-history-of-ice-on-

earth.html#.VRFF-mYd96k’><b>460 mya<b>: Andean-Saharan Ice Age

begins</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordovician’><b>460 mya<b>: Ocean

Temperatures cooler, comparable to today’s tropics</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>460 mya<b>: Ordovician O2 Concentration 68% of modern</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>460 mya<b>: Ordovician CO2 Concentration 15x modern</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>460 mya<b>: Ordovician temperature 2° C above Modern</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>460 mya<b>: Ordovician Sea Level rising to +722</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordovician’><b>460 mya<b>: Volcanic emission

of CO2 to atmosphere begins</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Famatinian_orogeny’><b>460 mya<b>:

Famatinian Orogeny ends – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.com/earth/bespoke/story/20150123-earths-25-biggest-

turning-points/index.html’><b>455 mya<b>: Plants Colonize land</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/mlordcli.htm’><b>450 mya<b>: Andean-Saharan

glaciation at poles begins</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>450 mya<b>: Alice

Springs Orogeny begins  – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordovician’><b>450 mya<b>: Volcanic emission

of CO2 to atmosphere ends</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/450moll.jpg’><b>450 mya<b>: Breakup of

northern land mass </a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>450

mya<b>: Calvin Impact Crater – MI</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Ordovician_Period’><b

>450 mya<b>: 1st Sharks</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>450 mya<b>:

1st land animals, arthropods, Centipedes and Millipedes</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_plants#Evolution_of_roots’&gt;

<b>450 mya<b>: 1st land plants, based on fossil spores</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hirnantian’><b>445 mya<b>: Himantian

Glaciation begins</a><br>

<a href=”http://hubpages.com/education/Spider-Evolution-Adaptations-and-

Ancestors’><b>445 mya<b>: 1st proto-spider Arthropods</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordovician%E2%80%93Silurian_extinction_events’&gt;

<b>444 mya<b>: Mega-extinction – Ordovician – Silurian</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hirnantian’><b>443 mya<b>: Himantian

Glaciation ends</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>443 mya<b>: Ordovician Sea Level falls to +460′</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taconic_orogeny’><b>443 mya<b>: Taconic

Orogeny ends – New England</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn18949-the-history-of-ice-on-

earth.html#.VRFF-mYd96k’><b>435 mya<b>: Andean-Saharan Ice Age ends'</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>433 mya<b>: Ireviken extinction events, ocean anoxia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www2.humboldt.edu/natmus/e_LifeThroughTime.html’><b>430

mya<b>: High sea level, warm climate and reef formation</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/430moll.jpg’><b>430 mya<b>: Three calved

continents begin to merge</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>430

mya<b>: Glasford Impact Crater – IL</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silurian#Ludfordian’><b>430 mya<b>: Silurian

O2 Concentration 70% of Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silurian#Ludfordian’><b>430 mya<b>: Silurian

CO2 conscentration 16x Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silurian’><b>430 mya<b>: Silurian Temperature

3° C above Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silurian’><b>430 mya<b>: Silurian Sea Level

+590′ above Modern</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>430 mya<b>: Earliest land plant fossils, club mosses</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_plants’><b>430 mya<b>: Land

plants diversify</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_plants’><b>430

mya<b>: Evoloution of woody Xylem in plants</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pneumodesmus’><b>428 mya<b>: Earliest

terrestrial animal fossil, Millipede Pneumodesmus</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mulde_event’><b>427 mya<b>: Mulde

Extinction Event</a><br>

<a href=”http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/evograms_04′><b>425

mya<b>: 1st bony skeleton and lungs</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extinction_event’><b>424 mya<b>: Nulde

extinction event</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>423 mya<b>: Earliest Ascomycete fossils, evidence of soil</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_photosynthesis’><b>423 mya<b>:

1st Vascular plants</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_glaciation’><b>420 mya<b>:

Andean-Saharan Ice Age ends'</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/salt-ancient-iapetus-ocean-appalachia-

virginia’><b>420 mya<b>: Iapetus Ocean closed, beginning formation of Apppalachians

– Eastern US</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extinction_event’><b>420 mya<b>: Lau

extinction event</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/long-before-trees-overtook-the-

land-earth-was-covered-by-giant-mushrooms-13709647/’><b>420 mya<b>: Giant

mushrooms domainate many terrestrial forests</a><br>

<a href=”http://hubpages.com/education/Spider-Evolution-Adaptations-and-

Ancestors’><b>420 mya<b>: 1st Arachnids, no silk glands</a><br>

<a href=”http://bobpickett.org/TIMELINE.htm’><b>420 mya<b>: 1st Jaws on

fish</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Silurian#Aeronian’><b>420 mya<b>: 1st

Terrestrial vascular plants</a><br>

<a href=”http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/evograms_04′><b>420

mya<b>: 1st Ray Finned Fish</a><br>

<a href=”http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/evograms_04′><b>418

mya<b>: 1st Lobe Finned Fish</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extinction_event’><b>416 mya<b>: Silurian

extinction event</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devonian#subdivisions’><b>416 mya<b>: 1st

insects evolve on land, incl. Silverfish</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>415 mya<b>: Laurussia

Continent forms from Baltica and Laurentia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>415 mya<b>: Earliest fossil evidence of herbivorous Arthropods</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>415

mya<b>: 1st Coelocanths, lobe-finned fishes</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Silurian_Period’><b>41

0 mya<b>: 1st Nautiloids</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Silurian_Period’><b>41

0 mya<b>: 1st Toothed fish</a><br>

<a href=”http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/evograms_04′><b>405

mya<b>: 1st large limb bones, nostril-mouth connection</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.scotese.com/paleocli.htm’><b>400 mya<b>: Hot House

Earth</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devonian#subdivisions’><b>400 mya<b>:

Devonian O2 Concentration 75% of Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devonian#subdivisions’><b>400 mya<b>:

Devonian CO2 Concentration 8x Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devonian#subdivisions’><b>400 mya<b>:

Devonian Surface Temp 6° C above Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devonian#subdivisions’><b>400 mya<b>:

Devonian Sea Level +620′ falling to +390′ above modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geological_history_of_oxygen’><b>400

mya<b>: Earliest possible modern O2 concentration</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>400 mya<b>: Earilest Fossils of Insects</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devonian#subdivisions’><b>400 mya<b>: 1st

Ammonites</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>400 mya<b>:

1st sharks</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>395

mya<b>: 1st lichens</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>395

mya<b>: 1st terrestrial arachnids and scorpions</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>395

mya<b>: 1st  Tetrapod Fish, 4 limbs</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.devoniantimes.org/opportunity/forests.html’><b>390 mya<b>:

1st terrestrial forests at water’s edge</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>390

mya<b>: Earliest fossil tracks by a tetrapod</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>390

mya<b>: 1st freshwater fish to live partially terrestrial life</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>390 mya<b>: Caledonian

Orogeny completes – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://hubpages.com/education/Spider-Evolution-Adaptations-and-

Ancestors’><b>386 mya<b>: 1st Silk-producing Spider</a><br>

<a href=”http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/evograms_04′><b>385

mya<b>: 1st weight bearing elbows, wrist, & neck</a><br>

<a href=””Bridging the Gap”, Econ0mist Dec 10, 2016′><b>385 mya<b>: 1st journeys

between pools over land by proto-amphibians</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devonian#subdivisions’><b>385 mya<b>: 1st

Tree species, Wattiezia</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.impactcraters.us/alamo_nevada’><b>385 mya<b>: Alamo

Impact Crater – NV</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/mdevclim.htm’><b>380 mya<b>: Canada at

Equator</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/mdevclim.htm’><b>380 mya<b>: Coals begin to

acummulate in rainy equatorial forests</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~tait/evolutionofdragonflies.pdf’><b>380 mya<b>:

1st wingless insects</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.devoniantimes.org/opportunity/forests.html’><b>380 mya<b>:

1st tree species with deeper roots and terrestrial habit, Archaepteris</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.devoniantimes.org/who/pages/archaeopteris.html’><b>380

mya<b>: 1st lateral bud growth, Archaepteris</a><br>

<a href=”http://repository.upenn.edu/dissertations/AAI9953518/’><b>380 mya<b>: 1st

forest fires, Red Hill Forest – PA</a><br>

<a href=”http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/evograms_04′><b>377

mya<b>: 1st forelimbs and hindlimbs with digits, Pelvis attached to rest of

skeleton</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Late_Devonian_extinction#The_Kellwasser_event’>&lt;

b>377 mya<b>: Late Devonian Extinction, Kellewasser Event</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>375

mya<b>: 1st crabs</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>375

mya<b>: 1st ferns</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>375

mya<b>: 1st large sharks</a><br>

<a href=””Bridging the Gap” – Economist Dec 10,2016′><b>375 mya<b>: 1st legs for

walking on land</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>375 mya<b>:

1st tetrapod fish that could walk on land, Tiktaalik</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/370moll.jpg’><b>375 mya<b>: Rodina no longer

over south pole, calving at south</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flood_basalt’><b>373 mya<b>: Viluy Traps,

Flood Basalt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>370 mya<b>: Tuhua

Orogeny begins – New Zealand</a><br>

<a href=”http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/evograms_04′><b>370

mya<b>: Wrist and Ankle modern structure, tibia and fibula form </a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>370 mya<b>: Woody trees abundant</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>370 mya<b>: Late Devonian Wood Crisis, CO2 sequestered, mini ice

age</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pollen#Pollen_in_the_fossil_record’><b>370

mya<b>: 1st pollen</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>368 mya<b>:

Mega -extinction – Devonian</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>365 mya<b>:

1st lungs evolve, Sarcopterygii</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>365 mya<b>: Tetrapods develop from Fish</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>365 mya<b>:

1st elbows/knees evolve, Sarcopterygii</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>365

mya<b>: 1st finger bones evolve, Ichtyostega</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>365 mya<b>:

1st 2 lobed brain, Tetrapods</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>363 mya<b>: Tetrapods possess both lungs and gills, but still aquatic</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/ldevclim.htm’><b>360 mya<b>: Pangaea begins to

assemble</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>360

mya<b>: Flynn Creek Impact Crater</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/ldevclim.htm’><b>360 mya<b>: Thick Coals formed in

Canada and China</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/ldevclim.htm’><b>360 mya<b>: Karoo Ice Age begins:

Glaciers covered South America, at the south pole</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>360

mya<b>: 1st lungs, Hynerpeton</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>360 mya<b>:

1st seeds enable rapid plant propogation on land, Elkinsia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Devonian_Period’><b&gt;

360 mya<b>: 1st Crabs</a><br>

<a href=”http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/article/evograms_04′><b>360

mya<b>: Wrist and Ankle turned forward in proto-amphibians</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>360 mya<b>:

Golden age of sharks begins</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Devonian_Period’><b&gt;

360 mya<b>: 1st Ferns</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_plants’><b>360 mya<b>: Leaves

common on land plants</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romer%27s_gap’><b>360 mya<b>: Beginning

of Romer’s Gap in the Fossil record</a><br>

<a href=”http://www2.humboldt.edu/natmus/e_LifeThroughTime.html’><b>359

mya<b>: Carboniferous period of coal formation begins</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/433540/orthopteran/39576/Evolution-

and-paleontology’><b>359 mya<b>: 1st Cockroaches</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_fish#Timeline’><b>359 mya<b>:

1st Fully terrestrial Tetrapod, Pederpes</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hangenberg_event’><b>359 mya<b>:

Hangenberg Event, 70% of all species destroyed</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>350 mya<b>:

Middle of first Karoo ice age</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>350 mya<b>: Finke

River formed – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/long-before-trees-overtook-the-

land-earth-was-covered-by-giant-mushrooms-13709647/’><b>350 mya<b>: Musrooms

decline in dominance and stature</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/tourvisc.htm’><b>350 mya<b>: Tropical Rainforests in

Canada and Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romer%27s_gap’><b>345 mya<b>: End of

Romer’s Gap in the Fossil record</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution#Hominini’><b>340

mya<b>: 1st Amniotic reproduction</a><br>

<a href=”http://rddnickel.com/stories-historytimeline%20ch1.html’><b>340 mya<b>:

Proto-Reptiles evolve from amphibians</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/340moll.jpg’><b>340 mya<b>: Ice at south

pole</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/serpukcl.htm’><b>330 mya<b>: Ice cap expands from

Southern pole</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carboniferous’><b>330 mya<b>: Carboniferous

O2 Concentration 35%, highest in history, 170% of modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carboniferous’><b>330 mya<b>: Carboniferous

CO2 Concentration 3x modern amounts</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carboniferous’><b>330 mya<b>: Carboniferous

Temperature equal to modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carboniferous’><b>330 mya<b>: Carboniferous

falls from +393′ to Modern Sea Level</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>330 mya<b>: Tuhua

Orogeny begins – New Zealand</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~tait/evolutionofdragonflies.pdf’><b>330 mya<b>:

1st winged insects, 1st flight in air</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Carboniferous_Period’&gt;

<b>330 mya<b>: 1st Amniotes evolve</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/serpukcl.htm’><b>330 mya<b>: Rainforests at Equator,

deserts beyond tropics</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variscan_orogeny’><b>325 mya<b>: Variscan

Orogeny – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synapsid’><b>324 mya<b>: Synapsids develop

proto-mammalian skull morphology</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>320

mya<b>: Serpent Mound Impact Crater – OH</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>320 mya<b>: Meuse

River formed – Belgium</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.com/earth/bespoke/story/20150123-earths-25-biggest-

turning-points/index.html’><b>320 mya<b>: 1st Reptiles</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>320

mya<b>: Crooked Creek Impact Crater</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mauritanide_Belt’><b>320 mya<b>: Mauritanide

Belt Orogeny begins – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woodleigh_crater’><b>318 mya<b>: 3-6 km wide

meteorite impacts Earth at Woodleigh, Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uralian_orogeny’><b>318 mya<b>: Uralian

Orogeny begins – Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>318 mya<b>: Kanimblan

Orogeny  – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extinction_event’><b>318 mya<b>:

Carboniferous rainforest collapse poss. from the Woodleigh Impact</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>313 mya<b>: 1st

Reptiles</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>313 mya<b>: Earliest fossils of Amniotes, modern Reptiles, Birds, &

Mammals</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>310 mya<b>: Toco

Orogeny – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://www2.humboldt.edu/natmus/e_LifeThroughTime.html’><b>310

mya<b>: Coal swamp forests</a><br>

<a href=”http://www2.humboldt.edu/natmus/e_LifeThroughTime.html’><b>310

mya<b>: Largest dragonfly, 29″ wingspan</a><br>

<a href=”http://hubpages.com/education/Spider-Evolution-Adaptations-and-

Ancestors’><b>310 mya<b>: 1st true Spiders, Mesothelae</a><br>

<a href=”http://dinosaurs.about.com/od/otherprehistoriclife/a/prehistoric-

amphibians.htm’><b>310 mya<b>: 1st true Amphibians</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution#Hominini’><b>308

mya<b>: 1st proto-mammals, Synapsids</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carboniferous_rainforest_collapse’><b>305

mya<b>: Carboniferous Rainforest collapse, Extinction</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Carboniferous_Period’&gt;

<b>305 mya<b>: 1st Diapsids, ancestor to nearly all reptiles, birds, and

mammals</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>300 mya<b>:

Last megacontinent, Pangaea, forms</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/carboniferous/carboniferous.php’><b>300

mya<b>: Collision of Laurentia & Gondwana forming Appalachians</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>300 mya<b>: Alice

Springs Orogeny completes  – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Rafael_orogeny’><b>300 mya<b>: San

Rafael Orogeny – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/300moll.jpg’><b>300 mya<b>: Ice at south pole

extensive mountain ranges near equator</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>300

mya<b>: Decaturville Impact Crater – MO</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middlesboro_crater’><b>300 mya<b>:

Middlesboro Meteor Impact – KY</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>300 mya<b>:

1st amniotic egg, reptiles</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>300

mya<b>: 1st Reptile, Hylonomus</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/arthropoda/uniramia/ephemeroptera.html’><b>30

0 mya<b>: Mayflies evolve</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>300

mya<b>: Keratin develops, material for claws, beaks, and hair</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_fish#Timeline’><b>300 mya<b>:

Modern Hagfish</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>300 mya<b>:

Forests of Clubmoss, Horsetail, cycads and ferns form coal and oil seams</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>300 mya<b>:

Gymnosperms begin diversification</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn18949-the-history-of-ice-on-

earth.html#.VRFF-mYd96k’><b>299 mya<b>: Karoo Ice Age ends</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carboniferous’><b>299 mya<b>: Carboniferous

Sea Level rises to +260′</a><br>

<a href=”http://www2.humboldt.edu/natmus/e_LifeThroughTime.html’><b>299

mya<b>: Reptiles diversify on land and water</a><br>

<a href=”http://www2.humboldt.edu/natmus/e_LifeThroughTime.html’><b>299

mya<b>: Coniferous Gymnosperm forests abundant</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-first-biped/’><b>299 mya<b>:

1st bipedalism, Bolosaurs – Germany</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>286 mya<b>:

Golden age of sharks over</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleoclimatology#Sclerochronology’><b>280

mya<b>: Peak Oxygen, 30% of atmosphere, vs. 21% today</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/insect-metamorphosis-

evolution/’><b>280 mya<b>: Evolution of insect metamorphosis</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>280

mya<b>: 1st Beetles</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>280 mya<b>:

Largest dragonfly Megneura monyi, 2 ft wingspan</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/epermcli.htm’><b>280 mya<b>: Coal produced in

equatorial and subtropical forests during interglacials</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>280 mya<b>: Des Plaines Impact Crater – IL</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/280moll.jpg’><b>280 mya<b>: Massing of

continent forming in Atlantic Ocean area</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Permian’><b>275 mya<b>: Permian O2

concentration 115% of Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Permian’><b>275 mya<b>: Permian CO2

concetration 3x Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Permian’><b>275 mya<b>: Permian

temperature 2° C above Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Permian’><b>275 mya<b>: Permian Sea Level

+200′ falling to -65′ by 255 mya</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Permian_Period’><b>2

75 mya<b>: 1st Therapsis evolve, ancestor to all mammals</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=032′><b>27

0 mya<b>: Ice Age begins</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mauritanide_Belt’><b>270 mya<b>: Mauritanide

Belt Orogeny completes – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>270 mya<b>: Sonoma

Orogeny begins – N. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olson%27s_Extinction’><b>270 mya<b>: Olson’s

Extinction</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flood_basalt’><b>265 mya<b>: Emeishan Traps

– China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frog’><b>265 mya<b>: Last common ancestor

between Frogs and Salamanders</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_glaciation’><b>260 mya<b>: Karoo

Ice Age ends</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/lpermcli.htm’><b>260 mya<b>: Deserts expanded,

Southern Ice disappears,. Northern Ice appears</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/lpermcli.htm’><b>260 mya<b>: China crosses the

Equator</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Capitanian’><b>260 mya<b>: Cooling of Global

Climates</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/260moll.jpg’><b>260 mya<b>: Ice at south pole

continues, massing in Atlantic</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>260 mya<b>: Hunter-

Bowen Orogeny begins  – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zechstein’><b>260 mya<b>: Zechstein Sea

forms – N. Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>260 mya<b>:

Susquehanna River formed – PA</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>260 mya<b>: New

River formed – VA</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>260 mya<b>: French

Broad River formed – TN</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>256 mya<b>:

Mammal-like reptiles, Synapsids</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>256

mya<b>: 1st Mammal-like Reptiles, Pelycosaurs</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>256

mya<b>: Evolution of a Secondary Palate, allowing eating and breathing at same

time</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>256 mya<b>:

1st dinosaurs, Archosauroformes</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Permian-Triassic_extinction_event’><b>252

mya<b>: Permian-Triassic Mega-Extinction Event, 99% of species, did not recover for 30

ml years</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uralian_orogeny’><b>251 mya<b>: Uralian

Orogeny completes – Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flood_basalt’><b>251 mya<b>: Siberian Traps

Flood Basalt – Russia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Permian_Period’><b>2

51 mya<b>: Permian Mass Extinction</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cynodont’><b>251 mya<b>: Cynodonts,

ancestors to mammals – Differentiated Teeth, Brain to back of Skull</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.britannica.com/animal/termite/Evolution-paleontology-and-

classification’><b>251 mya<b>: Termites evolved from Roaches</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>250 mya<b>:

Atmospheric oxygen at 1/3 former level, 10%</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>250 mya<b>: Final

Formation of supercontinent Pangaea, Superocean Panthalassa</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tethys_Ocean’><b>250 mya<b>: Tethys Sea

begins forming between Laurasia and Gondwana</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/etriascl.htm’><b>250 mya<b>: Hot house Earth, 18

degrees hotter, dryer climate than present</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/240moll.jpg’><b>250 mya<b>: Single continent

coalescing, forming sea occupied by archipelago</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>250 mya<b>:

Modern, ray-finned fish, telosts, evolve</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>250 mya<b>: Permian –

Triassic Exticntion, 90% of all species destroyed</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/history_of_the_earth’><b>250 mya<b>:

Trilobites extinct</a><br>

<a href=”http://hubpages.com/education/Spider-Evolution-Adaptations-and-

Ancestors’><b>250 mya<b>: 1st modern Spiders</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.preceden.com/timelines/68990-evolution-of-the-

alligator’><b>250 mya<b>: Last common ancestor of Alligator and Dinosaurs,

Xilousuchus </a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frog’><b>250 mya<b>: Proto-Frog fossil –

Madagascar</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scaloposaurus’><b>250 mya<b>:  1st

Cynodonts with Hair on any part of their bodies, Scaloposaurus</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>250 mya<b>: Development of ?-T3 receptors in Mammalian and Avian

ancestors</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_reptiles’><b>250 mya<b>:

Crurotarsi, ancestors to Crocodilians, evolve from reptiles</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.rt.com/viral/377353-dinocephalosaurus-live-birth-

embryo/’><b>245 mya<b>: 1st Live Birth, Aquatic Archosaur

Dinocephalosaurus</a><br>

<a href=”Economist, April 21, 2018, Dinosaur evolution’><b>245 mya<b>: 1st

footprints extant from a Dinosaur</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Triassic_Period’><b>24

5 mya<b>: 1st Ichthyosaurs</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>240 mya<b>: Rhine

River formed – Germany</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>240 mya<b>: Sonoma

Orogeny completes – N. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.livescience.com/20598-mass-extinction-recovery.html’><b>240

mya<b>: Diversity recovered from Permian-Triassic Extinction after 10 ml

years</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Triassic_Period’><b>24

0 mya<b>: Cynodonts and rhynchosaurs diversify.</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnian_Pluvial_Event#Causes’><b>233

mya<b>: Carnian Pluvial Extinction, poss. Caused by volcanic upheaval</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnian_Pluvial_Event’><b>230 mya<b>:

Increased rainfall during Carnian Pluvial Extinction</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theropoda’><b>230 mya<b>: Theropods,

ancestors to birds</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnian_Pluvial_Event’><b>230 mya<b>:

Conodonts extinct in Seas, Dinosaurs diversify after Carnian Pluvial Extinction</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>225 mya<b>: Hunter-

Bowen Orogeny completes  – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triassic’><b>225 mya<b>: Triassic O2

concentration 80% of Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triassic’><b>225 mya<b>: Triassic CO2

concentration 6x Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triassic’><b>225 mya<b>: Triassic Temperature

3° above Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://entomologytoday.org/2015/04/08/the-origin-of-grasshoppers-katydids-

and-crickets-a-new-study-resolves-the-evolutionary-tree-of-the-orthoptera/’><b>225

mya<b>: Crickets (Grylloidea) evolved</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.preceden.com/timelines/68990-evolution-of-the-

alligator’><b>225 mya<b>: Proto-Crocodile – Phytosaur</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Triassic_Period’><b>22

5 mya<b>: 1st true Dinosaurs</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Triassic_Period’><b>22

5 mya<b>: 1st Teleost Fishes, now 98% of all fish species</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>222 mya<b>: Recovery from Permian-Triassic Extinction complete, Archosaurs

now dominant</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>220 mya<b>:

Dry Climate period</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/mtriascl.htm’><b>220 mya<b>: Poles warm, even through

winter</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/220moll.jpg’><b>220 mya<b>: Mountain ranges

north of equator</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monotreme’><b>220 mya<b>: Monotremes

diverged from other mammals</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>220 mya<b>:

Archosaurs diverge into Crocodiles, dinosaurs, and pterosaurs</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turtle#Systematics_and_evolution’><b>220

mya<b>: Proto-Turtles, Odontochelys – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>220 mya<b>:

1st mammal precursor: therapsids, evolve, will remain small rodents for 155

my</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>220 mya<b>:

1st milk glands, Therapsids</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>220 mya<b>:

1st warm blooded homiotherms, Therapsids</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>220

mya<b>: NeoCortex of brain evovles, Therapsids</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>220 mya<b>:

Gymnosperms still major forest component</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Triassic_Period’><b>22

0 mya<b>: 1st Crocodiles</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Triassic_Period’><b>22

0 mya<b>: 1st True flies, Dipteran insects</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>220

mya<b>: 1st modern mammalian jaw, Cynodonts</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Triassic_Period’><b>21

5 mya<b>: Early Theropod, Coelophysis, ancestor to modern birds</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Triassic_Period’><b>21

5 mya<b>: Long Necked Sauropod Dinosaurs</a><br>

<a href=”http://bobpickett.org/TIMELINE.htm’><b>210 mya<b>: Pangea breaks

up</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turtle#Systematics_and_evolution’><b>210

mya<b>: 1st Turtles, Proganochelys – Eurasia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>205 mya<b>: Save

River Formed –  Mozambique</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triassic%E2%80%93Jurassic_extinction_event’><b>2

01 mya<b>: Mega-Extinction event : Triassic-Jurassic Extinction Event</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flood_basalt’><b>201 mya<b>: Central Atlantic

Magmatic Province – 4,250 sq mi</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.scotese.com/paleocli.htm’><b>200 mya<b>: Hot house Earth

continues</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cimmerian_Orogeny’><b>200 mya<b>:

Cimmerian Orogeny begins – Asia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>200

mya<b>: Wells Creek Impact Crater – TN</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/ltriascl.htm’><b>200 mya<b>: Warm climate remains, no

ice at either pole</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/200moll.jpg’><b>200 mya<b>: Rifts open in

Panagaea</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andean_orogeny’><b>200 mya<b>: Andean

Orogeny begins to present – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>200 mya<b>:

Amazon River Formed, draining from Africa – S. America</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_mammals#Jaws_and_middle_ears’><b&gt;

200 mya<b>: 1st expansion in brain capacity to smell in proto-mammals</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>200 mya<b>:

1st modern Frogs</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/history_of_the_earth’><b>200 mya<b>: 1st

Mammals</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_the_brain’><b>200 mya<b>:

Development of the Cerebrum</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_mammals#Jaws_and_middle_ears’><b&gt;

195 mya <b>: Hadrocodium – 1st Mammalian Jaw & Middle Ears</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>190

mya<b>: Cloud Creek Impact Crater – WY</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Jurassic_Period’><b>19

0 mya<b>: 1st Pliosaurs</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lepidoptera#Fossil_record’><b>190 mya<b>:

Early Lepidopterans</a><br>

<a href=”http://www2.humboldt.edu/natmus/e_LifeThroughTime.html’><b>190

mya<b>: Ammonites make a comeback after the Triassic-Jurassic extinction

event</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karoo-Ferrar’><b>183 mya<b>: Karoo-Ferrar

lava flood – South Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toarcian_turnover’><b>183 mya<b>: Toarcian

Extinction Turnover, poss. Caused by anoxic sea conditions after Volcano</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/418612/North-

America/41428/250-to-120-million-years-ago’><b>180 mya<b>: Pangaea begins

breakup into Gondwana and Laurasia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.slideshare.net/nigelcato/amazon-basin-geological-

development’><b>180 mya<b>: Andes & Amazon Lake Stage – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/ejurclim.htm’><b>180 mya<b>: Pangean monsoons at

coasts, interior aird and hot</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>180 mya<b>:

Antarctic still covered in gymnosperm forests</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Jurassic_Period’><b>17

6 mya<b>: 1st Stegosaurs</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jurassic’><b>175 mya<b>: Jurassic O2

concentration 130% of Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jurassic’><b>175 mya<b>: Jurassic CO2

concentration 7x Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jurassic’><b>175 mya<b>: Jurassic temperature

3° C above Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/170moll.jpg’><b>170 mya<b>: Laurasia and

Gondwana continue split</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>170

mya<b>: Upheaval dome Impact Crater – UT</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Jurassic_Period’><b>17

0 mya<b>: 1st Salamanders & Newts</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Jurassic_Period’><b>17

0 mya<b>: Cynodonts, ancestors to mammals, go extinct</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>167 mya<b>: Split between Monotremes & Marsupials</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Callovian#Palaeogeography’><b>165 mya<b>:

Europe an Archipelago</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louann_Salt’><b>165 mya<b>: Louann Salt

Develops – Gulf of Mexico</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Jurassic_Period’><b>16

5 mya<b>: 1st Stingrays evolve</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_mammals#Jaws_and_middle_ears’><b&gt;

164 mya<b>: 1st evidence of hair in Proto-Mammals, Cynodonts</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Jurassic_Period’><b>16

1 mya<b>: 1st Ceratopsians evolve, proto-Triceratops</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>160 mya<b>:

1st Tryrannosaur – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.com/earth/bespoke/story/20150123-earths-25-biggest-

turning-points/index.html’><b>160 mya<b>: 1st Flying Birds – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>160

mya<b>: 1st Live-birthing mammal, Juramaia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.wildmadagascar.org/history/’><b>160 mya<b>: Madagascar

separates from Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/ljurclim.htm’><b>160 mya<b>: Interior of Laurentia

becomes less dry, Seasonal snow returns to poles</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/time-birds.html’><b>160 mya<b>:

Brachiosaurus</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Jurassic_Period’><b>15

5 mya<b>: 1st Birds</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Jurassic_Period’><b>15

5 mya<b>: Triconodonts, proto-mammals</a><br>

<a href=”http://rddnickel.com/stories-historytimeline%20ch1.html’><b>154 mya<b>:

Apatosaurus & Stegosaurus</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/150moll.jpg’><b>150 mya<b>: New fissure

between continents</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>150 mya<b>:

Giant Dinosaurs common and diverse</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archaeopteryx’><b>150 mya<b>:

Archaeopteryx, transitional between Theropods and Birds</a><br>

<a href=”http://lifeofplant.blogspot.com/2011/04/evolution-of-plants.html’><b>150

mya<b>: 1st Angiosperms evolve – Africa/S. America Rift</a><br>

<a href=”http://dinosaurs.about.com/od/dinosaurpictures/ss/prehistoric-amphibian-

pictures.htm#step18′><b>150 mya<b>: 1st modern Salamander, Karaurus –

Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.preceden.com/timelines/68990-evolution-of-the-

alligator’><b>150 mya<b>: Modern Alligator evolves – US</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extinction_event’><b>145 mya<b>: Jurassic-

Cretaceous Extinction, poss. caused by volcanic eruption</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/time-birds.html’><b>145 mya<b>: Brachiosaurus

extinct</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>142 mya<b>: Rangitata

Orogeny begins – New Zealand</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/ecretcli.htm’><b>140 mya<b>: Mild Ice House World, Cool

temperate forests at poles</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>140 mya<b>: Sevier

Orogeny begins – N. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flood_basalt’><b>140 mya<b>: Parana-

Etendeka Traps Flood Basalt – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://hubpages.com/education/Spider-Evolution-Adaptations-and-

Ancestors’><b>140 mya<b>: 1st Orb-web weaving Spiders</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Cretaceous_Period’><b

>140 mya<b>: 1st Flowering Plants</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/history_of_the_earth’><b>140 mya<b>: 1st

modern reptiles</a><br>

<a href=”http://bobpickett.org/TIMELINE.htm’><b>130 mya<b>: Pangea splits and

migrates apart</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alpine_orogeny’><b>130 mya<b>: Alpine

Orogeny – Eurasia</a><br>

<a href=”Biogeography and Plate Tectonics – J.C. Briggs’><b>130 mya<b>: Europe and

US East Coast separated by spreading Atlantic Ocean</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>130 mya<b>:

1st flowering angiosperms for insect pollination</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.apstas.com/gondwanatimeline.htm’><b>125 mya<b>: Plate

tectonics – Africa and India separate from Antartica</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>125 mya<b>: Amur

River Formed – E. Asia</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_mammals#Jaws_and_middle_ears’><b&gt;

125 mya<b>: 1st evidence of erect quadruped stance in mammals</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>125

mya<b>: 1st Placental Mammals</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2153230/Discovered-The-

128million-year-old-grandfather-modern-squid-octopus.html’><b>125 mya<b>: Last

common ancestor of Squid and Octopus</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flood_basalt’><b>124 mya<b>: High Arctic

Large Igneous Flood Basalt – Scandinavia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution#Hominini’><b>124

mya<b>: Boroeutheria, common ancestor of ungulates, carnivores, cetaceans,

primates</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.researchgate.net/publication/264056818_Polyploid_Evolution_of_the_

Brassicaceae_during_the_Cenozoic_Era’><b>124 mya<b>: 1st divergence of

Brassicaceae</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/120moll.jpg’><b>120 mya<b>: 1st divergence

into modern continents, S. America rifts from Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flood_basalt’><b>120 mya<b>: Otong-Java

Plateau – Pacific Ocean</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/120moll.jpg’><b>120 mya<b>: India splits from

Antarctica</a><br>

<a href=”http://bobpickett.org/TIMELINE.htm’><b>120 mya<b>: Marsupials and

Placental Mammals diverge</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flood_basalt’><b>119 mya<b>: Kerguelan

Plateau – Pacific</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aptian_extinction’><b>117 mya<b>: Aptian

extinction, poss. caused by volcanic eruption in India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/time-birds.html’><b>115 mya<b>: 1st Pterosaur

– Brazil</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Cretaceous_Period’><b

>115 mya<b>: 1st Monotremes, similar to Platypus and Echidna</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/105moll.jpg’><b>110 mya<b>: Australia begins

to rift from Antarctica</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>110 mya<b>:

1st modern bird, Gansus yumenensis – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Cretaceous_Period’><b

>110 mya<b>: 1st Hesperoninthes, aquatic birds</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC534535/’><b>110 mya<b>: 1st

Monocot Plants – Portugal</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Cretaceous_Period’><b

>106 mya<b>: Spinosaurus Evolves</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>105 mya<b>: Cretaceous O2 concentration 150% of Modern</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>105 mya<b>: Cretaceous CO2 concentration 6x Modern</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>105 mya<b>: Cretaceous temperature 4° C above Modern</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.apstas.com/gondwanatimeline.htm’><b>100 mya<b>: Plate

tectonics – South America separates from Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/lcretcli.htm’><b>100 mya<b>: Laurentia Breaks up, South

America now Isolated from Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>100

mya<b>: Sierra Madera Impact Crater – TX</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.scotese.com/paleocli.htm’><b>100 mya<b>: Hot House

Earth</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>100

mya<b>: 1st Bees</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Termite’><b>100 mya<b>: Termites developed

Caste system</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.britannica.com/animal/termite/Evolution-paleontology-and-

classification’><b>100 mya<b>: 1st social ants</a><br>

<a href=”https://entomologytoday.org/2015/04/08/the-origin-of-grasshoppers-katydids-

and-crickets-a-new-study-resolves-the-evolutionary-tree-of-the-orthoptera/’><b>100

mya<b>: Katydids (Tettigonoidea) evolved</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/lcretcli.htm’><b>100 mya<b>: Dinosaurian migrations

with seasons</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution#Hominini’><b>100

mya<b>: Euarchontoglires : primates, tree shrews, rodents, rabbits</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>100

mya<b>: Last common ancestor of Rodents & Whales</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>99 mya<b>: Rangitata

Orogeny completes – New Zealand</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>97

mya<b>: Kentland Impact Crater – IN</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>95

mya<b>: Avak Impact Crater – AK</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution#Hominini’><b>95

mya<b>: Euarchonta : primates, colugos, tree shrews</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/history_of_the_earth’><b>95 mya<b>: 1st

Stingrays evolve</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mississippi_embayment’><b>95 mya<b>:

Mississippi embayment forms</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flood_basalt’><b>95 mya<b>: Carribean large

Igneous Province – Gulf of Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://eol.org/pages/4277/overview’><b>94 mya<b>: 1st ancestor to

Fabaceae</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/509631/Rosales/72919/Evolution’><b

>93 mya<b>: 1st Elms</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/509631/Rosales/72919/Evolution’><b

>93 mya<b>: 1st Marijuana</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euarchontoglires’><b>93 mya<b>:

Euarchontoglires split from Laurasiatheria – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cenomanian-Turonian_boundary_event’><b>93

mya<b>: Cenomanian-Turonian Extinction Event</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/90moll.jpg’><b>90 mya<b>: Sea levels at their

highest, Madagascar seaprates from India</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Cretaceous_Period’><b

>90 mya<b>: Indian Subcontinent separates from Gondwana</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.slideshare.net/takageo/formation-of-the-amazon-basin-

26043911?next_slideshow=1′><b>90 mya<b>: Africa and South America

Separate</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Cretaceous_Period’><b

>90 mya<b>: Icthyosaurs go extinct</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Cretaceous_Period’><b

>90 mya<b>: 1st Snakes</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Cretaceous_Period’><b

>90 mya<b>: 1st Ticks</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>88 mya<b>:

Madagascar separates from India</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euarchonta’><b>88 mya<b>: Euarchonta

diverges from proto-rodents – MT</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euarchonta’><b>88 mya<b>: Last common

ancestor of Mice and Men</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/history_of_the_earth’><b>85 mya<b>: 1st

Crocodilians</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>85 mya<b>:

Common ancestor of Primates, Treeshrews, & Lemurs</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>83

mya<b>: Wetumpka Impact Crater – AL</a><br>

<a

href=”https://www.researchgate.net/publication/222659063_Out_of_Gondwana_The_ori

gin_of_passerine_birds’><b>82 mya<b>: New Zealand separates from

Anarctica</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Cretaceous_Period’><b

>80 mya<b>: Australia splits from Antarctica</a><br>

<a href=”Unquenchable – Robert Glennon’><b>80 mya<b>: Ogallala Aquifer formed –

Central US</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>80 mya<b>: Macleay

River Formed – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>80 mya<b>:

Nearly half of all dinosaur diveristy between now and 65 mya</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution#Hominini’><b>80

mya<b>: Primatomorpha : primates, colugos</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>80

mya<b>: 1st Ants, social</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>80 mya<b>:

Grasping digits but no forward facing eyes, Plesiadapis</a><br>

<a href=”http://eol.org/pages/4277/overview’><b>79 mya<b>: Fabaceae begins

diversification</a><br>

<a href=”http://rddnickel.com/stories-historytimeline%20ch1.html’><b>79 mya<b>:

Velociraptor</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>75 mya<b>:

Murrumbidgee River Formed – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>75 mya<b>:

Colorado River Formed – W. US</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution#Hominini’><b>75

mya<b>: Primates evolve</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_on_Earth’><b>74

mya<b>: Manson Crater Impact – IA</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laramide_orogeny’><b>70 mya<b>: Laramide

Orogeny begins to form Rocky Mountains – W. USA</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.com/earth/bespoke/story/20150123-earths-25-biggest-

turning-points/index.html’><b>70 mya<b>: 1st proto-grasses</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thumb’><b>70 mya<b>: 1st primate

thumb</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Cretaceous_Period’><b

>70 mya<b>: Multituberculates, rodent-like mammals, diversify</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/history_of_the_earth’><b>70 mya<b>: 1st

Penguins</a><br>

<a href=”http://rddnickel.com/stories-historytimeline%20ch1.html’><b>68 mya<b>:

1st Triceratops</a><br>

<a href=”http://rddnickel.com/stories-historytimeline%20ch1.html’><b>68 mya<b>:

Largest Pterodactyl, 50 foot wingspan, Quezalcoatus</a><br>

<a href=”http://rddnickel.com/stories-historytimeline%20ch1.html’><b>67 mya<b>:

Tyrranosaurus Rex</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.facebook.com/artFido/videos/924957804262448/?fref=nf’><b>67

mya<b>: Triceratops</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cretaceous%E2%80%93Paleogene_extinction_event&#8217;

><b>66 mya<b>: Cretaceous-Paleogene Meteoric Event</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>66 mya<b>:

Chicxulub Crater, impact crater of 10 km wide asteroid for C-P event – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flood_basalt’><b>66 mya<b>: Deccan Traps

Flood Basalt – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.facebook.com/artFido/videos/924957804262448/?fref=nf’><b>66

mya<b>: Cretaceous-Paleogene Extinction event, 66% of life on Earth

destroyed</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/65moll.jpg’><b>65 mya<b>: Australia now

separate from Antarctica</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>65 mya<b>: Nile

River Formed – N. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>65 mya<b>:

Insect eating Archonta: ancestor of Primates, treeshrews and bats</a><br>

<a

href=”https://www.researchgate.net/publication/222659063_Out_of_Gondwana_The_ori

gin_of_passerine_birds’><b>65 mya<b>: Diversification of Perching Bird (Passerine)

Species</a><br>

<a

href=”http://s3.amazonaws.com/academia.edu.documents/45948492/bf0104906520160

525-19450-

qvcg2l.pdf?AWSAccessKeyId=AKIAJ56TQJRTWSMTNPEA&Expires=1477940122&Signature

=SyTYf4otdTcQQl4owULF5ddrUfs%3D&response-content-

disposition=inline%3B%20filename%3DThe_evolution_of_sweat_glands.pdf’><b>65

mya<b>: Modern Sweat Glands in Mammals</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primate#Evolutionary_history’><b>65 mya<b>:

Origins of the primate clade, by genetic evidence</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>63 mya<b>:

Divergence of primates into Wet nosed and dry nosed suborders</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleogene_Period’><b&gt;

63 mya<b>: 1st Creodonts, carnivorous mammals</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miacids’><b>62 mya<b>: Miacids: proto-

carnivores, evolve in N. America and Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phorusrhacidae’><b>62 mya<b>: Terror Birds

apex predators in S. America, for next 60 million years</a><br>

<a href=”http://anthro.palomar.edu/earlyprimates/first_primates.htm’><b>60 mya<b>:

1st prosimians, ancestors to Primates and hominids</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.plantphysiol.org/content/125/3/1198.full’><b>60 mya<b>: 1st

grasses</a><br>

<a

href=”http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1007&context=bioscicra

nes&sei-

redir=1&referer=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.bing.com%2Fsearch%3Fq%3Dcrane%2520evolut

ion%26qs%3Dn%26form%3DQBRE%26pq%3Dcrane%2520evolution%26sc%3D3-

15%26sp%3D-

1%26sk%3D%26cvid%3DB8C153513B72438B95EEDDD969F1AEDE#search=%22crane%

20evolution%22′><b>60 mya<b>: 1st Cranes</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/paleocen.htm’><b>60 mya<b>: Much warmer than

present, tropical climate even at high latitudes</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.hippoworlds.com/hippopotamus-evolution/’><b>60 mya<b>: 1st

proto-Hippopatomus – Africa </a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>58

mya<b>: Marquez Impact Crater – TX</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>58 mya<b>: Thames

River Formed – UK</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleocene%E2%80%93Eocene_Thermal_Maximum’&gt;

<b>56 mya<b>: Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flood_basalt’><b>56 mya<b>: North Atlantic

Igneous Province – Atlantic Ocean</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/69%20prosimians.htm’><b>56

mya<b>: Primates spread throughout Asia, Europe & N. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primate#Evolutionary_history’><b>56 mya<b>:

Dry-nosed and wet-nosed primates diverge</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.paleocene-mammals.de/multis.htm’><b>56 mya<b>:

Multituberculate mammals begin decline</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/509631/Rosales/72919/Evolution’><b

>56 mya<b>: 1st Roses</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>55

mya<b>: 1st Rodents and lagomorphs</a><br>

<a

href=”http://dinosaurs.about.com/od/mesozoicmammals/p/phosphatherium.htm’><b>55

mya<b>: 1st Elephant ancestor, Phosphatherium, 100 lbs – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>55 mya<b>:

1st Proto-primates, but no binocular vision</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleogene_Period’><b&gt;

55 mya<b>: 1st Armadilloes</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleogene_Period’><b&gt;

55 mya<b>: 1st Proto-ungulates</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleogene_Period’><b&gt;

55 mya<b>: 1st Mako Sharks</a><br>

<a href=”http://chem.tufts.edu/science/evolution/HorseEvolution.htm’><b>55 mya<b>:

Earliest horse ancestor, size of a dog – N. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primate#Evolutionary_history’><b>55 mya<b>:

Earliest primate fossils</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Cetartiodactyla.html’><b>54 mya<b>: 1st

even-toed ungualtes</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eocene_Thermal_Maximum_2′><b>54 mya<b>:

Elmo Event Thermal Maximum</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.theguardian.com/science/2008/feb/13/bat.evolution’><b>52

mya<b>: 1st flying Bats</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/69%20prosimians.htm’><b>52

mya<b>: 1st opposable, grasping toe in Primates, Cantius – Wyoming</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>50 mya<b>: Sevier

Orogeny completes – N. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>50 mya<b>: Bennett Lake

Eruption, 850 km3 – Yukon, Canada</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/earlyeoc1.htm’><b>50 mya<b>: Still warm, still tropical.

Aliigators near North Pole</a><br>

<a href=”http://forum.celestialmatters.org/userpix/5_065Ma1k_1.jpg’><b>50 mya<b>:

North America about as close to Europe as Africa  and Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/50moll.jpg’><b>50 mya<b>: Asia Minor, Europe,

Asia, and Africa still separate</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleogene_Period’><b&gt;

50 mya<b>: Africa collides with Eurasia</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>50 mya<b>:

1st proto-horse, fox-sized, with fingernails, not hooves</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/39698/Asteraceae’><b>50

mya<b>: 1st Asteraceae – Argentina</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleogene_Period’><b&gt;

50 mya<b>: Divergence of Cats and Dogs from Miacids</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stork’><b>50 mya<b>: 1st Storks</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleogene_Period’><b&gt;

50 mya<b>: Brontotheres evolve</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleogene_Period’><b&gt;

50 mya<b>: Tapirs and Rhinos evolve</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woodpecker#Systematics_and_evolution’><b>50

mya<b>: 1st Woodpeckers</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>50 mya<b>: 1st aquatic Cetaceans (Whales, Dolphins, Porpoises)</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Date_palm#History’><b>50 mya<b>: Date Palm

evolved</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_lemurs’><b>50 mya<b>: Lemurs

colonize Madagascar</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Azolla_event’><b>49 mya<b>: Azolla Event –

Convert climate to modern cold cycle </a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_sirenians#Origins’><b>49 mya<b>:

Sirenians diverged from proto-elephants – Jamaica</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cetacea#Evolution’><b>48 mya<b>: Kutchicetus

– aquatic ancestor to Whales & Dolphins – Pakistan</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.researchgate.net/publication/264056818_Polyploid_Evolution_of_the_

Brassicaceae_during_the_Cenozoic_Era’><b>47 mya<b>: 2nd divergence of

Brassicacea</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/time-birds.html’><b>47 mya<b>: Whales still

give birth on land</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Even-toed_ungulate#Evolutionary_history’><b>46

mya<b>: Divergence of Pigs, Camels, Ruminants, and Hippos from ungulates</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wild_boar#Range’><b>46 mya<b>: Origin of Pigs

– Eurasia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleogene’><b>45 mya<b>: Paleogene O2

concentration 130% of Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleogene’><b>45 mya<b>: Paleogene CO2

concentration 2x Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleogene’><b>45 mya<b>: Paleogene

temperature 4° C above Modern</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.apstas.com/gondwanatimeline.htm’><b>45 mya<b>: Australia

separates from Antarctica</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>45 mya<b>: Indus

River Formed – Pakistan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.china.org.cn/e-gudai/index-1.htm’><b>45 mya<b>: “Shu Ape”,

early homonid – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cetacea#Evolution’><b>45 mya<b>: 1st aquatic

mammalian form complete, Protocetus</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>43 mya<b>:

1st Elephant – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Population_bottleneck’><b>43 mya<b>:

Population bottleneck, Giant Panda</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miacids’><b>42 mya<b>: Divergence of Miacids

into carnivore groups Felids, Canids, Pinnipeds</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.audubon.org/news/the-origins-hummingbirds-are-still-major-

mystery’><b>42 mya<b>: Divergence of Hummingbirds from Swifts – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://bobpickett.org/TIMELINE.htm’><b>40 mya<b>: Antarctica ices

over</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>40 mya<b>: Laramide

Orogeny completes – W. USA</a><br>

<a href=”http://burgess-

shale.rom.on.ca/images/transcripts/slideshow_plate_tectonics_04.jpg’><b>40 mya<b>:

Europe, Africa, and Asia still separate</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/lateeoc1.htm’><b>40 mya<b>: Ice beginning to form at

south pole</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution#Hominini’><b>40

mya<b>: Simiformes : Apes and monkeys</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>40 mya<b>:

primates split between arboreal & diurnal monkeys & apes -Asia</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primate#Evolutionary_history’><b>40 mya<b>:

Migration of simians from Asia to Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_American_Interchange’><b>40 mya<b>:

Primate Invasions of South America by “Waif Dispersers” from Africa</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>40 mya<b>: Forests covered much of North America, including the

midwest</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>40

mya<b>: 1st Butterflies</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/509631/Rosales/72919/Evolution’><b

>40 mya<b>: 1st Mulberries and Figs</a><br>

<a href=”http://news.rice.edu/2011/06/27/fossilized-pollen-reveals-climate-history-of-

northern-antarctica-2/’><b>38 mya<b>: Ice sheets over Antarctica, to remain to

today</a><br>

<a href=”Biogeography and Plate Tectonics – J.C. Briggs’><b>38 mya<b>: Europe and

Greenland separated by spreading North Atlantic Ocean</a><br>

<a href=”http://chem.tufts.edu/science/evolution/HorseEvolution.htm’><b>37 mya<b>:

Middle Horse, Mseohippus – Midwest US</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleogene_Period’><b&gt;

37 mya<b>: Nimravids, False saber Tooth cats, evolve</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_on_Earth’><b>35

mya<b>: Toms Canyon Impact Crater -NJ</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/35moll.jpg’><b>35 mya<b>: India begins

collision with Asia, Europe joins with Asia</a><br>

<a href=”http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs49-98/’><b>35 mya<b>: Chesapeake Bay Bolide

Impact – VA</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleogene_Period’><b&gt;

35 mya<b>: 1st Grasslands</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camelid#Evolution’><b>35 mya<b>: 1st

Camelids (Llamas, Camels) evolve to modern form – NV</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.audubon.org/news/the-origins-hummingbirds-are-still-major-

mystery’><b>35 mya<b>: Oldest Hummingbird Fossils – Germany</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>34 mya<b>: Australia and

South America  separate from Antarctica</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.sciencealert.com/why-are-there-no-monkeys-in-north-

america’><b>34 mya<b>: Dissolution of land bridge between South America and

Antarctic trigger Ocen Mixing, Globla Cooling</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_glaciation’><b>34 mya<b>: Current

Ice Age begins</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>34 mya<b>:

1st proto-dog – N. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_sirenians#Origins’><b>34 mya<b>:

Sirenians now in modern form</a><br>

<a href=”http://chem.tufts.edu/science/evolution/HorseEvolution.htm’><b>34 mya<b>:

Explosion in horse diversity – N. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extinction_event’><b>34 mya<b>: Eocene-

Oligocene extinction event, poss. caused by Chesapeake Bay Impact, or Ocean

Cooling</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.sciencealert.com/why-are-there-no-monkeys-in-north-

america’><b>34 mya<b>: Extinction of subtropical and temperate Monkey Species, incl.

all in N. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-biology/chapter/the-evolution-of-

primates/’><b>34 mya<b>: 1st primates ancestral to Old & New World

Monkeys</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miacids’><b>33 mya<b>: Miacids

Extinct</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleogene_Period’><b&gt;

33 mya<b>: Thylacinid Marsupials evolve – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.com/earth/bespoke/story/20150123-earths-25-biggest-

turning-points/index.html’><b>32 mya<b>: C4 Photosynthesis evolves, better evolved

for harsh conditions</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flood_basalt’><b>31 mya<b>: Ethiopia-Yemen

Flood Basalt – Mideast</a><br>

<a href=”http://bobpickett.org/TIMELINE.htm’><b>30 mya<b>: Bering Strait Land

bridge opens</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/oligocen.htm’><b>30 mya<b>: Warm temperate forests at

northern latitudes, no ice at north pole</a><br>

<a href=”http://burgess-

shale.rom.on.ca/images/transcripts/slideshow_plate_tectonics_03.jpg’><b>30 mya<b>:

Europe joins with Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>30 mya<b>: Tyne

River Formed – UK</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleogene_Period’><b&gt;

30 mya<b>: South America separates from Antarctica, becoming an Island

continent</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ground_sloth’><b>30 mya<b>: Largest Groud

Sloth, Megatherium – South America</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleogene_Period’><b&gt;

30 mya<b>: Brontotheres go extinct</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleogene_Period’><b&gt;

30 mya<b>: Proto-pigs evolve</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paraceratherium’><b>30 mya<b>: Largest

Mammal Ever: Paraceratherium – Eurasia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>30 mya<b>:

1st Downward-nosed primates: Apes and Old-world monkeys</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>30 mya<b>:

Establishment of new world monkeys in South America over a land bridge</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aegyptopithecus’><b>30 mya<b>: Ancestor to

both apes and old woirld monkeys, Aegyptopithecus zeuxis -Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smile’><b>30 mya<b>: Smile developed from

Fear Grin in Primates</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>28 mya<b>: La Garita

eruption, 5,000 km3 – CO</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>28 mya<b>:

Homonoidea: Great and lesser apes</a><br>

<a href=”How We Got to Now – Stephen Johnson’><b>26 mya<b>: Comet strike creates

some the first glass we used – Libya</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleogene_Period’><b&gt;

26 mya<b>: 1st true Elephants</a><br>

<a href=”http://bobpickett.org/TIMELINE.htm’><b>25 mya<b>: 1st Hot

Maximum</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>25

mya<b>: 1st Deer – Eurasia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Paleogene_Period’><b&gt;

25 mya<b>: 1st modern cats</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>25 mya<b>:

Apes diverge from Old world monkeys, lack prehensile tails – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>25 mya<b>:

1st Ape, proconsul – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/fossils-indicate-common-ancestor-

old-world-monkeys-apes/’><b>25 mya<b>: Fossil of common ancestor beteeen

monkeys and apes – Tanzania</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>25 mya<b>:

Color Vision in Homonid Apes</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pelagornis_sandersi’><b>25 mya<b>: Largest

Bird Ever: P. sandersi – SC</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>24 mya<b>: Antarctica

covered in Ice</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.slideshare.net/nigelcato/amazon-basin-geological-

development’><b>24 mya<b>: Amazon River forms  current flow – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_orogenies’><b>24 mya<b>: Kaikoura

Orogeny begins to present – New Zealand</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>24 mya<b>: 1st

Grasslands</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_rivers_by_age’><b>23 mya<b>: Yangtze

River Formed – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>22 mya <b>:

Plate tectonics – India colldes with Asia, Himalayas form at collision</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>22 mya <b>:

1st proto-bear</a><br>

<a href=”http://news.berkeley.edu/2014/04/03/hummingbird-evolution-soared-after-

invading-south-america-22-million-years-ago/’><b>22 mya <b>: Hummingbird diversity

blossoms in South America</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>21 mya <b>: Apes split from Monkeys</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/20moll.jpg’><b>20 mya<b>: Asia,Europe and

Africa now attached at Gibraltar, not Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/20moll.jpg’><b>20 mya<b>: Central American

Ithsmus still not formed.</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>20 mya<b>:

Africa collides with Asia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/11/111130171105.htm’><b>20

mya<b>: Modern cycle begins of magnetic pole reversals every 200 – 300 k

years</a><br>

<a href=”http://burgess-

shale.rom.on.ca/images/transcripts/slideshow_plate_tectonics_02.jpg’><b>20 mya<b>:

Africa joins with Europe and Asia</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.nrm.se/download/18.40476b02115a35bea0380003489/ericson%20et

%20al%20passerine%20evolution.pdf’><b>20 mya<b>: Australia begins to dry

out</a><br>

<a href=”http://scotese.com/miocene1.htm’><b>20 mya<b>: Warmer than present

climate, but similar.  Northern tropics extend to British Isles</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>20 mya<b>:

Cats and Dogs distinct families within carnivora</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pseudaelurus’><b>20 mya<b>: Proto-Saber-

toothed cat, Pseudaelurus – Europe/N. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>20 mya<b>:

Homonidae: Great Apes</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>20

mya<b>: 1st Hyenas, Bears, Giraffes and Anteaters</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ultimateungulate.com/cetartiodactyla/bovidae.html’><b>20

mya<b>: Bovines diverge from ungulates – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>20

mya<b>: 1st Hominids, great Apes</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neogene_Period’><b>2

0 mya<b>: 1st Giraffes</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neogene_Period’><b>2

0 mya<b>: 1st Giant Anteaters</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/the-mystery-of-human-blood-

types-86993838/?no-ist’><b>20 mya<b>: 1st blood types</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_American_Interchange’><b>18 mya<b>:

Larger Primates invade South America from Africa -ancestors to all New World

Monkeys</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms8717′><b>18 mya<b>: Proconsul

heseloni, primitive ape – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ultimateungulate.com/cetartiodactyla/Caprinae.html’><b>18

mya<b>: Caprinae (Goats) begin to diverge from Bovidae</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>17

mya<b>: Impact event & die off causes recent ice age cycle </a><br>

<a href=”http://chem.tufts.edu/science/evolution/HorseEvolution.htm’><b>17 mya<b>:

1st grazing horse, Merychippus – N. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gibbon#Evolutionary_history’><b>17 mya<b>:

Divergence of Gibbons from Great Apes</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columbia_River_Basalt_Group’><b>16 mya<b>:

Columbia River Flood Basalts – Pacific Northwest</a><br>

<a href=”https://theconversation.com/the-evolutionary-origins-of-laughter-are-rooted-

more-in-survival-than-enjoyment-57750′><b>16 mya<b>: Earliest evolution of

Laughter</a><br>

<a href=”http://bobpickett.org/TIMELINE.htm’><b>15 mya<b>: 2nd Hot

maximum</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>15 mya<b>:

Primates emigrate from Asia to Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neogene_Period’><b>1

5 mya<b>: 1st Mastodons</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neogene_Period’><b>1

5 mya<b>: Australian megafauna diversify</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neogene_Period’><b>1

5 mya<b>: 1st Kangaroos – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>15 mya<b>:

Human ancestors diverge from Gibbon ancestors in NE Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>15

mya<b>: 1st Pachyderms, Bovines</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extinction_event’><b>15 mya<b>: Miocene

extinction event, poss. Caused by the Nordlinger Reis Impact</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>14 mya<b>:

Homininae: African Apes</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_evolution’><b>14 mya<b>: Human

ancestors diverge from Orangutan ancestors in NE Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>13 mya<b>:

Pierolapithecus catalaunicus, possible ancestor of apes and humans – Spain</a><br>

<a href=”http://news.rice.edu/2011/06/27/fossilized-pollen-reveals-climate-history-of-

northern-antarctica-2/’><b>12 mya<b>: Last remnant of vegetation disappears from

Antarctica, frozen ever since</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>12 mya<b>: Cerro Panzinos

Eruption, 250 km3 – Argentina</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleogene’><b>12 mya<b>: Neogene O2

concentration 108% of Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleogene’><b>12 mya<b>: Neogene CO2

concentration same as Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleogene’><b>12 mya<b>: Neogene

temperature same as Modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sivapithecus’><b>12 mya<b>: Sivapithecus,

ancestor to Orangutans – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anoiapithecus’><b>12 mya<b>: Anoiapithecus

brevirostris – Spain</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.proof-of-evolution.com/human-evolution-timeline.html’><b>12

mya<b>: Pierolapithecus catalaunicus, possible ancestor of apes and humans –

Spain</a><br>

<a href=”http://chem.tufts.edu/science/evolution/HorseEvolution.htm’><b>12 mya<b>:

Ancestor to modern horses, Pliohippus – N. America</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.researchgate.net/publication/264056818_Polyploid_Evolution_of_the_

Brassicaceae_during_the_Cenozoic_Era’><b>12 mya<b>: Recent diversification of the

Brassicaceae</a><br>

<a href=”http://phys.org/news/2014-04-hummingbird-evolution-soared-invaded-

south.html’><b>12 mya<b>: Hummingbirds spread from S. America to N.

America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chororapithecus’><b>11 mya<b>:

Chororapithecus abyssinicus, 1st ancestors of all Gorillas</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>10 mya<b>:

Climate begins to dry</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nakalipithecus’><b>10 mya<b>: Nakalipithecus

nakayimai – Kenya</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samburupithecus’><b>10 mya<b>:

Samburupithecus – Kenya</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms8717′><b>10 mya<b>:

Hispanopithecus laeitanus, primitive ape -Spain</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>10 mya<b>:

Human ancestors diverge from Gorilla ancestors in NE Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://heritagefoodsusa.com/blog/american-originals-rich-history-american-

bison-turkeys/’><b>10 mya<b>: 1st Turkeys – N. America</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neogene_Period’><b>1

0 mya<b>: Insects Diversify</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neogene_Period’><b>1

0 mya<b>: 1st large Horses</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.theguardian.com/science/2009/jun/04/laughter-primates-apes-

evolution-tickling’><b>10 mya<b>: Evolution of Laughter in Primates</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ouranopithecus’><b>9 mya<b>: Ouranopithecus

macedoniensus – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>9 mya<b>:

Homini: Chimpanzees & Humans</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FOXP2_and_human_evolution’><b>8 mya<b>:

Earliest Chimpanzee-Human Common Ancestor</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ouranopithecus’><b>8 mya<b>: Ouranopithecus

turkae – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3850475/’><b>8 mya<b>:

Tomato and Potato Split</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_American_Interchange’><b>7 mya<b>:

Land Bridge begins to form between North and South America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>7 mya<b>:

Homina : Human lineage</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/sahelanthropus-

tchadensis’><b>7 mya<b>: 1st bipdeal hominid, Sahelanthropus tchadensis –

Chad</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v389/n6647/abs/389153a0.html’><b>7

mya<b>: Increase in C4 photosynthesis</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>7 mya<b>:

Largest primate ever, Gigantopithecus blacki – Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>6.7 mya<b>: Bruneau-

Jarbridge Eruption, 950 km3 – ID</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>6.4 mya<b>: Heise Eruption,

750 km3 – ID</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v441/n7097/full/nature04789.html’><b>6.

3 mya<b>: Human-Chimpanzee Divergence</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/orrorin-

tugenensis’><b>6.2 mya<b>: 1st facultative bipedalism, Orrorin tugensis –

Kenya</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>6 mya<b>: Heise eruption,

1,500 km3 – ID</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messinian_salinity_crisis’><b>6 mya<b>:

Mediterranean becmes a desert, Messinian Salinity Crisis</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chilcotin_Group’><b>6 mya<b>: Chilcotin Flood

Basalt – British Columbia</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/sahelanthropus-

tchadensis’><b>6 mya<b>: S tchadensis extinct</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>6 mya<b>: Orrnin tugensis – Kenya</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/orrorin-

tugenensis’><b>5.8 mya<b>: O. tugensis extinct</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/ardipithecus-

kadabba’><b>5.8 mya<b>: Early bipedalism, Ardipithecus kaddaba – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>5.7 mya<b>: Cerro Guacha

eruption, 1,300 km3 – Bolivia</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>5.6 mya<b>:

Drying of the Mediterranean Sea, Messinian Event</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messinian_salinity_crisis’><b>5.3 mya<b>:

Zanclean Flood, Meditteranean refills</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/origins/sahelanthropus_tchadensis.php’><b

>5.3 mya<b>: Latest Human-Chimpanzee divergence</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neogene_Period’><b>5

.3 mya<b>: 1st Tree sloths</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neogene_Period’><b>5

.3 mya<b>: 1st Hippopotami</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/ardipithecus-

kadabba’><b>5.2 mya<b>: A.kaddaba extinct</a><br>

<a href=”http://bobpickett.org/TIMELINE.htm’><b>5 mya<b>: 3rd Hot

Maximum</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>5

mya<b>: Atlantic Ocean floods the Mediterranean Sea</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>5 mya<b>:

Creation of the Central American Ithsmus</a><br>

<a href=”http://dinosaurs.about.com/od/CenozoicEra/a/Pliocene-Epoch.htm’><b>5

mya<b>: Opening of Bering Strait land bridge</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>5

mya<b>: Rift Valley forms in Africa, divergence between Pan and Homo

species</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>5 mya<b>: 1st Hominids

split from Apes</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thumb’><b>5 mya<b>: 1st modern human

thumb</a><br>

<a href=”http://dinosaurs.about.com/od/prehistoricbirds/p/titanis.htm’><b>5 mya<b>:

Only Terror Bird in Southeast US, Titanis</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_evolutionary_history_of_life’><b>5

mya<b>: 1st Tree Sloths, Hippopotami</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Cetartiodactyla/Camelidae.html’><b>5

mya<b>: Equines & Camelids migrate to Eurasia via Bering Strait land bridge</a><br>

<a href=”http://phys.org/news/2014-04-hummingbird-evolution-soared-invaded-

south.html’><b>5 mya<b>: Hummingbirds spread from N. America to

Caribbean</a><br>

<a href=”http://chem.tufts.edu/science/evolution/HorseEvolution.htm’><b>5 mya<b>:

Modern Horse, Zebra & Donkeys – N. America</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neogene_Period’><b>4

.8 mya<b>: 1st Mammoth Pachyderm</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>4.5 mya<b>: Heise eruption,

1,800 km3 – ID</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/ardipithecus-

ramidus’><b>4.4 mya<b>: Ardipithecus ramidus evolves from apes</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>4.3 mya<b>: Early

bipedalism and evidence for forest dwelling, Ardipithecus ramidus – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/australopithecus-

anamensis’><b>4.2 mya<b>: Australopithecus amanensis evolves from Oronin sp. – E.

Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Ethiopia#Timeline’><b>4.2 mya<b>:

Oldest Ardipithecus ramidus fossil – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>4.0 mya<b>: Atana

Ignimbrite eruption, 2,500 km3 – Chile</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/australopithecus-

anamensis’><b>4.0 mya<b>: Bipedalism and tree climbing – Australopithecus

anamensis</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>4.0 mya<b>: Several

Australopithecus sp. Throughout Sub-Saharan Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0016699590800062′><b>4.0

mya<b>: African large carnivores at peak diversity</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.nature.com/news/first-horses-arose-4-million-years-ago-

1.13261′><b>4.0 mya<b>: Ancestor to Modern Horse – Mongolia</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/australopithecus-

anamensis’><b>3.9 mya<b>: Australopithecus amanensis extinct – E. Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”https://i.pinimg.com/originals/e5/2b/29/e52b29c60903af24b95816f16d6d61bc.jpg&#8217;

><b>3.9 mya<b>: Australopithecus afarensis evolves from A. amanensis</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-has-human-brain-

evolved/’><b>3.9 mya<b>: A. afarensis has about the same brain size as modern

chimpanzees</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/australopithecus-

afarensis’><b>3.8 mya<b>: Early maturation, bipedalism, Australopithecus

afarensis</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laetoli’><b>3.7 mya<b>: Earliest Footprints –

East Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australopithecus_africanus#Geochronology’><b>3.7

mya<b>: First human inhabitants in South Africa – A. africanus</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.sciencealert.com/why-are-there-no-monkeys-in-north-

america’><b>3.7 mya<b>: Isthmus of Panama fully formed</a><br>

<a href=”https://australianmuseum.net.au/australopithecus-bahrelghazali’><b>0<b&gt;:

Earliest evolution of Australopithecus bahrelgahzali – Chad</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Ethiopia#Timeline’><b>3.4 mya<b>:

Earliest evidence of stone tool use on bones – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/australopithecus-

africanus’><b>3.3 mya<b>: Larger brain than A. afarensis, Australopithecus africanus,

evolves from A. afarensis – S. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hair#Evolution’><b>3.3 mya<b>: Earliest

Estimate of Human Hairlessness</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>3.3 mya<b>:

1st stone toolsdeliberately constructed, Kenyanthropus platyops</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>3.3 mya<b>: Australopithecus afarensis fossil, “Lucy” –

Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>3.0

mya<b>: Planetary cooling begins from hot maximum</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>3.0 mya<b>: Year round

ice at North Pole</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/australopithecus-

afarensis’><b>3.0 mya<b>: Australopithecus afarensis extinct</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_erectus’><b>3.0

mya<b>: H. erectus begins expansion from East Africa to Southern Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://australianmuseum.net.au/australopithecus-bahrelghazali’><b>3.0

mya<b>:  Australopithecus bahrelgahzali – Chad</a><br>

<a href=”http://dinosaurs.about.com/od/CenozoicEra/a/Pliocene-Epoch.htm’><b>3.0

mya<b>: Alligators & Crocodiles disappear from Colder Europe</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>3.0 mya<b>: North & South America join, Carnivores wipe out

Marsupials</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>3.0 mya<b>: Hominid brains 25% size of modern H. sapiens</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>2.9 mya<b>: Pastos Grandes

Eruption, 820 km3 – Bolivia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_evolution’><b>2.8 mya<b>:

1st Homo genus</a><br>

<a

href=”https://i.pinimg.com/originals/e5/2b/29/e52b29c60903af24b95816f16d6d61bc.jpg&#8217;

><b>2.7 mya<b>: Paranthropus aetiopicus evolves from Australopithecus afarensis- E.

Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neogene_Period’><b>2

.6 mya<b>: Current Ice age begins</a><br>

<a

href=”https://i.pinimg.com/originals/e5/2b/29/e52b29c60903af24b95816f16d6d61bc.jpg&#8217;

><b>2.6 mya<b>: Australopithecus garhi evolves from A. afarensis</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>2.6

mya<b>: 1st Stone Tools, Australopithecus garhi – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>2.6 mya<b>: H. habilis – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>2.5 mya<b>: Cerro Galan

eruption, 1,050 km3 – Argentina</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>2.5 mya<b>: Beginning of

current, Quaternary  glacial cycle</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>2.5 mya<b>:

1st Saber toothed cat</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/australopithecus-

garhi’><b>2.5 mya<b>: Longer strides in walking – Australopithecus garhii</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hair#Evolution’><b>2.5 mya<b>: Early Estimate

of human hairlessness</a><br>

<a

href=”https://i.pinimg.com/originals/e5/2b/29/e52b29c60903af24b95816f16d6d61bc.jpg&#8217;

><b>2.5 mya<b>: Australopithecus garhi extinct</a><br>

<a href=”What Technology Wants – Kevin Kelley’><b>2.5 mya<b>: 1st Stone Scrapers –

Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleolithic’><b>2.5 mya<b>: Beginning of the

Paleolithic Era</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prehistory#Chalcolithic’><b>2.5 mya<b>: Early

Stone tools, Australopithecus garhi</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.npr.org/blogs/13.7/2013/09/05/219236801/when-did-human-

speech-evolve’><b>2.5 mya<b>: 1st use of knapped stone tools, Olduwan –

Tanzania</a><br>

<a href=”http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic514568.files/Foley_1994_Journal-of-

Human-Evolution.pdf’><b>2.4 mya<b>: Global Cooling Begins</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>2.4 mya<b>: 1st genus

Homo, Homo habilis – Tanzania</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.proof-of-evolution.com/human-evolution-timeline.html’><b>2.4

mya<b>: Homo habilis evolves from A. garhi or A. africanus – Tanzania</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>2.4 mya<b>: Homo habilis evolves from A. garhi or A. africanus –

</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>2.4

mya<b>: Earliest use of fire and cooking, H. habilis – Kenya</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/paranthropus-

robustus’><b>2.3 mya<b>: Paranthropus aethiopicus extinct – E. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/paranthropus-

robustus’><b>2.3 mya<b>: Paranthropus bosei evolves from P. aethiopicus – E.

Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-biology/chapter/the-evolution-of-

primates/’><b>2.3 mya<b>: 1st Genus Homo: H. gautengensis</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ground_sloth’><b>2.2 mya<b>: Ground sloths

invade North America via Central American Ithsmus</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/australopithecus-

africanus’><b>2.1 mya<b>: Australopithecus africanus extinct</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>2.1 mya<b>: Huckleberry

Ridge eruption, 2,500 km3 – WY</a><br>

<a href=”http://isites.harvard.edu/fs/docs/icb.topic514568.files/Foley_1994_Journal-of-

Human-Evolution.pdf’><b>2.0 mya<b>: Global Cooling completes</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.4rivers.com/mississippi/info.html’><b>2.0 mya<b>: Mississippi

River forms, draining Glaciers</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/origins/homo_erectus.php’><b>2.0

mya<b>: Climate in Africa changed to drier and more open, creating Savannah</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extinction_event’><b>2.0 mya<b>: Pliocene-

Pleistocene marine extinction</a><br>

<a href=”http://dinosaurs.about.com/od/mesozoicmammals/p/glyptodon.htm’><b>2.0

mya<b>: Glyptodon, proto-armadillo – S. America</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_erectus’><b>2.0

mya<b>: H. erectus completes expansion from East Africa to Southern Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://dinosaurs.about.com/od/prehistoricbirds/p/titanis.htm’><b>2.0

mya<b>: Only Terror Bird in Southeast US, Titanis, goes extinct</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/australopithecus-

sediba’><b>2.0 mya<b>: Australopithecus sediba, Better walker than

Hominids.</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.npr.org/blogs/13.7/2013/09/05/219236801/when-did-human-

speech-evolve’><b>2.0 mya<b>: Earliest estimate of spoken language, evolution of

Broca’s area, chocie of symbolic stones</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_the_brain’><b>2.0 mya<b>:

Human brain size relative to body wieght begins upward trend</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2988510/Man-learned-throw-

two-million-years-ago-Change-collar-bone-shoulders-allowed-human-ancestors-use-

spears.html’><b>2.0 mya<b>: 1st modern throwing, Collarbone of H. erectus</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-

rudolfensis’><b>1.9 mya<b>: Largest brain yet, Homo rudolfensis – Kenya</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_erectus’><b>1.9

mya<b>: H. erectus begins expansion into Eurasia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_erectus’><b>1.9

mya<b>: H. ergaster evolves from H. erectus – E & S Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://dinosaurs.about.com/od/prehistoricbirds/p/titanis.htm’><b>1.9

mya<b>: Only Terror Bird in Southeast US, Titanis, goes extinct</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-has-human-brain-

evolved/’><b>1.9 mya<b>: H. habilis evolves</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-

erectus’><b>1.9 mya<b>: Loss of tree climbing habit, Homo erectus – Kenya</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>1.8 mya<b>: Karymshina

Eruption, 1,000 km3 – Russia</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primate#Evolutionary_history’><b>1.8 mya<b>:

Extinction of Monkeys from Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>1.8 mya<b>: Homo

Ergaster evolves from H. habilis – East Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_evolution’><b>1.8 mya<b>: 1st

emigration from Africa to Asia -Homo erectus</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.proof-of-evolution.com/human-evolution-timeline.html’><b>1.8

mya<b>: 1st Hominids found outside Africa, H. georgicus – Georgia</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/paranthropus-

robustus’><b>1.8 mya<b>: Paranthropus robustus  evolves from P. aethiopicus – S.

Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-has-human-brain-

evolved/’><b>1.8 mya<b>: H. erectus evolves from H. habilis</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Neogene_Period’><b>1

.8 mya<b>: Colonization of Eurasia by H. erectus</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Georgia_(country)#Prehistoric_period’>&lt;

b>1.8 mya<b>: H. erectus fossils found in Georgia – Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lower_Paleolithic’><b>1.8 mya<b>: H. erectus

as far as Malaysia</a><br>

<a href=”http://discovermagazine.com/2015/april/18-our-first-winter’><b>1.8 mya<b>:

1st H. erectus experience of winter</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.npr.org/blogs/13.7/2013/09/05/219236801/when-did-human-

speech-evolve’><b>1.8 mya<b>: Development of speech, H. erectus.</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hair#Human_hairlessness’><b>1.8 mya<b>:

Development of group dwelling habits in humans</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cooperative_eye_hypothesis’><b>1.8 mya<b>:

1st evidence of sick care in H. erectus societies</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hair#Human_hairlessness’><b>1.8 mya<b>:

Humans only primate species with fleas</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cooperative_eye_hypothesis’><b>1.8 mya<b>:

Possible evolution of exposed sclera, “whites of our eyes” in humans</a><br>

<a href=”https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/who-built-the-first-house-and-what-even-

is-a-house/’><b>1.8 mya<b>: Oldest evidence of structure building</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acheulean’><b>1.8 mya<b>: 1st flint knapping of

stone tools, H. erectus</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Control_of_fire_by_early_humans’><b>1.8

mya<b>: Early estimate of use of fire</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>1.8 mya<b>: 1st use of

toothpicks</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>1.75 mya<b>:

Largest armadillo ever, Glyptodon – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acheulean’><b>1.75 mya<b>: Earliest Acheulian

stone axe – Kenya</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acheulean’><b>1.75 mya<b>: Begnning of

Acheulean Period of flint points by H. erectus – Europe/Africa/Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.theverge.com/2018/1/31/16955858/stone-tools-attirampakkam-

india-hominins-human-evolution-levallois-acheulean-paleolithic’><b>1.75 mya<b>:

Latest use of stone axes</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=032′><b>1.

7 mya<b>: Beginning of current great Ice Age</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.china.org.cn/e-gudai/index-1.htm’><b>1.7 mya<b>: H. erectus

inhabits far east – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_erectus’><b>1.7

mya<b>: H. erectus inhabits SE Asia</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>1.6 mya<b>:

Largest kangaroo ever, P. goliath – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>1.6 mya<b>: Homo habilis

extinct</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>1.5 mya<b>: Homo erectus – East Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-biology/chapter/the-evolution-of-

primates/’><b>1.5 mya<b>: 1st Emigration from Africa to Europe and Asia, H.

erectus</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.proof-of-evolution.com/human-evolution-timeline.html’><b>1.5

mya<b>: Homo habilis extinct</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Quaternary_Period’><b

>1.5 mya<b>: Earliest controlled use of fire, H. erectus</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>1.5 mya<b>: Flint tools, H. erectus – Dagestan</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-017-0138′><b>1.5 mya<b>: Earliest

development of cooking, H. erectus – East Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acheulean#Stages’><b>1.5 mya<b>: Beginning

of Acheulean period of advance stone axe making – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>1.5

mya<b>: 1st Stone axes, H. erectus</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-

habilis’><b>1.4 mya<b>: Homo habilis extinct, evolving into H. erectus</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_erectus’><b>1.4

mya<b>: Last fossil of H. ergaster – E & S Africa</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>1.4

mya<b>: 1st sharp edges knapped on bifacial edges of stone tools – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>1.3 mya<b>: Henry’s Fork

Eruption, 280 km3 – ID</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-

heidelbergensis’><b>1.3 mya<b>: Homo antecessor/possible H.

heidelbergensis</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_erectus’><b>1.3

mya<b>: H. erectus expands as far as SE Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>1.2 mya<b>: Valles Eruption,

600 km3 – NM</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_erectus’><b>1.2

mya<b>: H. erectus inhabits Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/origins/homo_antecessor.php’><b>1.2

mya<b>: H. antecessor – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/paranthropus-

robustus’><b>1.2 mya<b>: Paranthropus robustus extinct – S. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/paranthropus-

robustus’><b>1.2 mya<b>: Paranthropus bosei extinct – E. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.abc.net.au/news/science/2018-03-16/olorgesailie-human-

evolution-archaeology-tools-middle-stone-age/9546592′><b>1.2 mya<b>: 1st

colonization of Olorgosailie Rift by H. erectus – Kenya</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Quaternary_Period’><b

>1.2 mya<b>: Controlled use of fire, H. erectus</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.proof-of-evolution.com/human-evolution-timeline.html’><b>1.1

mya<b>: H, floriensis evolves form H. georgicus – Indonesia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/origins/denisova_hominin.php’><b>1.0

mya<b>: Common ancestor to H. neanderthalensis, H. denisova & H. Sapiens</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_floresiensis’><b>1.0 mya<b>: H. erectus

migrates to Flores island</a><br>

<a href=”https://gizmodo.com/when-did-humans-start-wearing-clothes-

1299154403′><b>1.0 mya<b>: H. erectus loses body hair, based on skin coloration

genetics</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denisovan’><b>1.0 mya<b>: Last common

ancestor between H. altai, H. neanderthalensis, and H. sapiens, a H. erectus</a><br>

<a href=”https://gizmodo.com/scientists-who-doubt-neanderthal-art-must-reckon-with-

n-1823229563′><b>1.0 mya<b>: 1st use of Red Ochre, by H. nanderthalensis</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>970 kya<b>: Mangakino

Eruption, 300 km3 – New Zealand</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>970 kya<b>: Stone tool use

reaches UK</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>970

kya<b>: Oldest discovered Cave dwelling – South Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/02/history-fire-million-homo-

erectus_n_1397810.html’><b>970 kya<b>: Early use of fire – South Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Kenya#Prehistory’><b>970 kya<b>:

Acheulian Hand Axes – Kenya</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acheulean#Stages’><b>970 kya<b>: Acheulean

advanced stone axe making has spread to Spain</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prehistoric_Italy#Paleolithic’><b>850 kya<b>:

First inhabitants of Italy, H. antecessor</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Quaternary_Period’><b

>850 kya<b>: Controlled use of fire, H. erectus</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prehistoric_Britain#Stone_Age’><b>810

kya<b>: First inhabitants of England, H. antecessor</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_erectus’><b>800

kya<b>: Last H. antecessor – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acheulean#Stages’><b>800 kya<b>: Acheulean

advanced stone axe making has spread to India</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>790

kya<b>: 1st hearths – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>780 kya<b>:

Latest magnetic pole reversal</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>780

kya<b>: Earliest worked wood – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”https://gizmodo.com/when-did-humans-start-wearing-clothes-

1299154403′><b>780 kya<b>: 1st tools to work animal hides to more pliant

forms</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>760 kya<b>: Long Valley

Eruption, 600 km3 – CA</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neanderthal#Evolution’><b>744 kya<b>:

Earliest divergence of H. neanderthalensis from H. erectus – Eurasia</a><br>

<a href=”http://donsmaps.com/heidelbergensis.html’><b>700 kya<b>: Homo

heidelbergensis speciates from Homo erectus</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_floresiensis’><b>700 kya<b>: H.

floresiensis speciates from H. erectus population in Indonesia</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=fire.htm’><b>700 kya<b>: Use

of fire, H. erectus</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-

heidelbergensis’><b>700 kya<b>: Proto-Neanderthals, Homo heidelbergensis</a><br>

<a href=”https://themarinedetective.com/2013/03/02/oh-deer-a-rare-meal-for-mammal-

eating-killer-whales/’><b>700 kya<b>: Mammal-Eating Ecotypes of Orca “Bigg’s” Killer

Whales – Pacific Northwest</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Quaternary_Period’><b

>700 kya<b>: Oldest hominins that split from our lineage that still contributed to the

genome 35 kya</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peking_Man’><b>700 kya<b>: H. erectus –

China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Azerbaijan#Prehistory’><b>700

kya<b>: H. erectus – Azerbaijan</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-

heidelbergensis’><b>700 kya<b>: 1st control of fire, H. heidelbergensis –

Israel</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>700

kya<b>: Stone circle dwellings – South Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-

heidelbergensis’><b>700 kya<b>: 1st use of spears hunting large game, H.

heidelbergensis – Germany</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>640 kya<b>: Yellowstone

Caldera erupts, Lava Creek eruption, 1,000 km3 – WY</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quaternary_extinction_event’><b>640 kya<b>:

1st Quaternary extinction event, global megafauna</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/origins/homo_heidelbergensis.php’><b>600

kya<b>: H. Heidelbergensis – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denisovan’><b>600 kya<b>: H. altai diverges

from H. erectus</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_erectus’><b>600

kya<b>: Last H. heidelbergensis – Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/origins/homo_neanderthalensis.php’><b>60

0 kya<b>: H. heidelbergensis migrates out of Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Germany#Prehistory’><b>600

kya<b>: H. heidelbergensis – Germany</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denisovan’><b>600 kya<b>: H. Altal/H.

Neanderthalensis diverge from H. Erectus – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lower_Paleolithic’><b>600 kya<b>: Earliest

Symbolic language, H. heidelbergensis</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.abc.net.au/news/science/2018-03-16/olorgesailie-human-

evolution-archaeology-tools-middle-stone-age/9546592′><b>600 kya<b>: Volcanic flows

and Earthquakes – Kenya</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_evolution’><b>0<b&gt;: Earliest evolution of

  1. sapiens – Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/origins/homo_neanderthalensis.php’><b>0&lt;

b>: Common ancestor between H. neanderthalensis and H. sapiens</a><br>

<a href=”http://heritagefoodsusa.com/blog/american-originals-rich-history-american-

bison-turkeys/’><b>0<b>: Bison cross from Eurasia to N. America via Bering

Strait</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_erectus’><b>0<b&gt;

: H. erectus expands as far as Europe & China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prehistoric_Britain#Stone_Age’><b>0<b&gt;: H.

heidelbergensis 1st arrives in England – UK</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>0<b&gt;: 1st use

of charcoal for fire, H. erectus – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>0<b

>: 1st shelter construction – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>0<b>:

1st Cooking Hearths – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleolithic#Advanced_tools’><b>0<b&gt;: 1st

development of homes, hearths</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.livescience.com/41679-oldest-human-dna-reveals-mysterious-

homnid.html?cmpid=514627_20150809_48495426&adbid=10152925168941761&adbpl=

fb&adbpr=30478646760′><b>0<b>: Denisovans, H. Altal – Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglian_stage’><b>480 kya<b>: Anglian  stage

glaciation begins</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.abc.net.au/news/science/2018-03-16/olorgesailie-human-

evolution-archaeology-tools-middle-stone-age/9546592′><b>480 kya<b>: End of

climate stability in Kenya</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.theverge.com/2018/1/31/16955858/stone-tools-attirampakkam-

india-hominins-human-evolution-levallois-acheulean-paleolithic’><b>480 kya<b>:

Levallois Quartz-chipped blades begin to replace stone and flint – Africa &

Euope</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglian_stage’><b>420 kya<b>: Anglian  stage

glaciation ends</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/origins/homo_heidelbergensis.php’><b>400

kya<b>: Last H. heidelbergensis fossil</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neanderthal#Evolution’><b>400 kya<b>:

Divergence of H. neanderthalensis from H. heidelbergensis – Eurasia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/origins/homo_rhodesiensis.php’><b>400

kya<b>: H. rhodesiensis, between H. heidelbergensis & H. sapiens – Zambia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denisovan’><b>400 kya<b>: H. Altal –

Spain</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denisovan’><b>400 kya<b>: H. Altal & H.

Neanderthalensis split – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clactonian’><b>400 kya<b>: H. erectus,

Clactonian – UK</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-017-0138′><b>400 kya<b>: Latest

development of cooking, H. erectus – East Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/who-built-the-first-house-and-what-even-

is-a-house/’><b>400 kya<b>: Earliest commonly agreed upon building, nomadic

settlement – France</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-

heidelbergensis’><b>400 kya<b>: 1st construction of wood/rock shelters, H.

heidelbergensis – France</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Control_of_fire_by_early_humans’><b>400

kya<b>: 1st controlled use of Fire – H. erectus</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>400

kya<b>: 1st Pigments -Zambia</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>400

kya<b>: 1st Spears, wooden – Germany</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>400

kya<b>: 1st Paints</a><br>

<a

href=”https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/archaeology/a19447825/olorgesailie-

kenya-tools-archaeology/’><b>385 kya<b>: Levallois Quartz-chipped blades –

India</a><br>

<a href=”https://gizmodo.com/climate-change-forced-early-humans-to-get-their-shit-to-

1823800842′><b>385 kya<b>: beginning of climate instability – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>355 kya<b>:

Earliest Footprints, H. heidelbergensis – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>350 kya<b>: Whakamaru

eruption, 2,800 km3 – Indonesia</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>350 kya<b>: H.

neanderthalensis</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Armenia#Prehistory’><b>350

kya<b>: Stone tools found – Armenia</a><br>

<a href=”https://bgr.com/2018/03/16/human-history-toolmaking-axes-

discovery/’><b>320 kya<b>: Trade of stone axes for Obsidian blades, H. heidelbergensis

or H. erectus – Kenya</a><br>

<a href=”https://gizmodo.com/climate-change-forced-early-humans-to-get-their-shit-to-

1823800842′><b>320 kya<b>: 1st use of Pigments, Ochre – Kenya</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/07/the-new-story-of-

humanitys-origins/564779/’><b>315 kya<b>: Oldest H. sapiens fossils –

Morocco</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.abc.net.au/news/science/2018-03-16/olorgesailie-human-

evolution-archaeology-tools-middle-stone-age/9546592′><b>305 kya<b>: Latest

establishment of trade of Obsidian for Stone Axes – Kenya</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>300 kya<b>: Mount Aso

Eruption, 600 km3 – Japan</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Quaternary_Period’><b

>300 kya<b>: Canis Lupus evolves, precursor to Domestic dogs</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_erectus’><b>300

kya<b>: H. naledi – South Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FOXP2_and_human_evolution’><b>300 kya<b>:

Change in FoxP2 gene enabling complex language</a><br>

<a href=”http://donsmaps.com/heidelbergensis.html’><b>300 kya<b>: Homo

neanderthalensis speciates from Homo heidelbergensis – Europe</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/origins/homo_heidelbergensis.php’><b>300

kya<b>: Homo neanderthalensis emigrates from Africa to Europe</a><br>

<a href=””Even Earlier Man” Economist, Jun 10, 2017′><b>300 kya<b>: Earliest fossils

of H.sapiens – Morocco</a><br>

<a href=”http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/deadthings/2017/12/07/human-migration-

rewrite/#.W0SYzxJKjGJ’><b>300 kya<b>: H. sapiens may have already been

widespread throughout Africa at this time</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.proof-of-evolution.com/human-evolution-timeline.html’><b>300

kya<b>: H. erectus extinct</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Quaternary_Period’><b

>300 kya<b>: Middle Stone Age begins – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lower_Paleolithic’><b>300 kya<b>: 1st burial of

dead</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lower_Paleolithic’><b>300 kya<b>: 1st use of

hunting-gathering</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lower_Paleolithic’><b>300 kya<b>: 1st use of

prepared core blade making</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>280 kya<b>: Mathina

Eruption, 120 km3 – New Zealand</a><br>

<a href=”https://gizmodo.com/scientists-who-doubt-neanderthal-art-must-reckon-with-

n-1823229563′><b>280 kya<b>: Occupation of deep caves, by H.

nanderthalensis</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>260

kya<b>: Earliest H. sapiens ancestors of the Khoi-San people – S. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>250 kya<b>:

Polar bear evolves from Brown bear</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/origins/homo_antecessor.php’><b>250

kya<b>: H. heidelbergensis extinct in Europe</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Quaternary_Period’><b

>250 kya<b>: H. neanderthalensis evolves – Eurasia</a><br>

<a href=””Even Earlier Man” Economist, Jun 10, 2017′><b>250 kya<b>: Earliest fossils

of H. neanderthalensis</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Europe’><b>250

kya<b>: H. neanderthalensis first in Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_evolution’><b>250 kya<b>: Latest

evolution of H. Sapiens</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>250

kya<b>: Better control of knapping, Levallois method – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”What Technology Wants – Kevin Kelley’><b>250 kya<b>: 1st Cooking

techniques</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hair#Human_hairlessness’><b>240 kya<b>:

Estimate of hairlessness in humans</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>240 kya<b>: Mamaku

Eruption, 280 km3 – New Zealand</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>230 kya<b>: Reporoa

Eruption, 100 km3 – New Zealand</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/origins/homo_erectus.php’><b>200

kya<b>: H erectus extinct, spread through Africa, Southern Europe and Asia.</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-

heidelbergensis’><b>200 kya<b>: Homo heidelbergensis spreads to south Asia through

Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-

neanderthalensis’><b>200 kya<b>: Homo heidelbergensis evolves into Homo

neanderthalensis in Europe and Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-

heidelbergensis’><b>200 kya<b>: Homo heidelbergensis extinct, replaced by

descendant species.</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Origin_of_language’><b>200 kya<b>: Earliest

possible speech, H. neanderthalensis</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Quaternary_Period’><b

>200 kya<b>: Beginning of the Middle Paleolithic</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleolithic#Advanced_tools’><b>200 kya<b>:

Prepared-core technique of toolamking in full use </a><br>

<a href=”Origins of Virtue – Matt Ridley’><b>200 kya<b>: Stone tools being traded long

distances from their quarries, H. sapiens</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>200

kya<b>: 1st Glue, Fish Guts – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>195

kya<b>: H. sapiens evolves from H. erectus – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Ethiopia#Timeline’><b>195 kya<b>:

Earliest fossil of H. sapiens in Africa – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au/objects-through-time/essays/50000-

years-before-present/’><b>195 kya<b>: Homo sapiens, to remain rare & confined for

next 100ky- Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.webfamilytree.com/50,000_year_human_history.htm’><b>195

kya<b>: Mitochondrial Eve to all H. sapiens – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>195

kya<b>: Y-chromosomal   Adam to all H. sapiens</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>195

kya<b>: Possible Earliest expansion of H. sapiens into Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/jan/25/oldest-known-human-

fossil-outside-africa-discovered-in-israel’><b>180 kya<b>: 1st H. sapiens migration out

of Africa – Mideast</a><br>

<a href=”http://news.discovery.com/human/humans-first-wore-clothing-170000-years-

ago.htm’><b>170 kya<b>: 1st textile clothes</a><br>

<a href=”https://gizmodo.com/when-did-humans-start-wearing-clothes-

1299154403′><b>170 kya<b>: First clothes, based on body lice</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.palomar.edu/anthro/homo2/mod_homo_4.htm’><b>160

kya<b>: Transtional H. sapiens – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>160 kya<b>:

Earliest known mortuary rituals</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mousterian’><b>160 kya<b>: Rise of

Mouseterian period of Neanderthal – Sapiens mixture – Europe & Mideast</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>150 kya<b>:

Last common mitochondrial ancestor to all H. sapiens</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.webfamilytree.com/50,000_year_human_history.htm’><b>150

kya<b>: 1st appearance of anatomically modern H. sapiens – Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>150

kya<b>: H. sapiens ancestors of the Khoi-San people – S. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.vedicsciences.net/articles/history-of-numbers.html’><b>150

kya<b>: 1st possible evidence of counting, scratch marks on bone</a><br>

<a href=”http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/homo-

erectus’><b>140 kya<b>: Homo erectus extinct, </a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>140

kya<b>: Megadrought</a><br>

<a href=”https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/denisovan/’><b>0<b&gt;: Homo

heidelbergensis speciates into Homo sapiens – Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/origins/homo_rhodesiensis.php’><b>0<b&gt;:

  1. rhodesiensis extinct – Zambia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>0<b&gt;

: H. sapiens expansion through S. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>0<b&gt;: Eemian interglacial

period, warm Europe</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>0<b&gt;

: Early H. sapiens ancestors of the Pygmy people – Central Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>0<b&gt;

: H. sapiens reaches W. Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>0<b&gt;

: Beginning of expansion of H. sapiens into Middle East and Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>0<b&gt;: 1st intentional burial –

UK</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acheulean’><b>0<b&gt;: End of Acheulean Period

of flint points by H. erectus – Europe/Africa/Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Micoquien’><b>0<b&gt;: Beginning of Micoquien

period of flint tools by Neanderthals – Eastern Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>0<b&gt;: 1st

Fishing with spears – Congo</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>0<b>:

1st internal walls – France</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-technology/ancient-navigation-130000-

years-ago-00963′><b>0<b>: Earliest possible boat – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/news/origins.php?id=-Neanderthal-Eagle-

Talon-Jewellery’><b>0<b>: 1st Jewelry, Eagle Talon Necklaces, H.

neanderthalensis</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.esd.ornl.gov/projects/qen/pliocene.html’><b>125 kya<b>: Last

(Eemian) interglacial starts</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>125

kya<b>: Beginning of the Red Sea expansion of H. sapiens with lower sea

levels</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>125

kya<b>: UAE 1st inhabited by H. sapiens</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>120

kya<b>: Sahara Desert still wet and fertile</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.palomar.edu/anthro/homo2/mod_homo_4.htm’><b>120

kya<b>: Transtional H. sapiens – Tanzania</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>120

kya<b>: Beginning of the Sinai expansion of H. sapiens</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>115

kya<b>: Completion of major expansion of H. sapiens into Middle East and

Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>110 kya<b>: Eemian

interglacial ends, begins another ice age, the Wisconsin</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>110

kya<b>: 1st beads – Israel</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>106

kya<b>: Oman 1st inhabited by H. sapiens</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>100 kya<b>: H. sapiens

arrives in Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hair#Evolution’><b>100 kya<b>: Latest

Estimate of human hairlessness, Early estimate of clothes</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>100

kya<b>: Completion of the Sinai expansion of H. sapiens</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>100

kya<b>: China 1st inhabited by H. sapiens</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_history_of_life#Earliest_history_of_Eart

h’><b>100 kya<b>: Possible Great Leap forward in H. sapiens intellect</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>100 kya<b>: 1st H. sapiens emigration from Africa to Middle

East</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2016/0217/Neanderthals-and-modern-

humans-mated-50-000-years-earlier-than-we-thought-scientists-say’><b>100 kya<b>:

Earliest Interbreeding between H. sapiens and H. neanderthalensis</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>100

kya<b>: Cooking Hearths in Europe – Gibraltar</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>100

kya<b>: 1st manufacture of readymade blades</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>100

kya<b>: 1st Burial of Dead – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleolithic#Advanced_tools’><b>100 kya<b>:

Earliest possible domestication of dogs</a><br>

<a href=”What Technology Wants – Kevin Kelley’><b>100 kya<b>: Fossil evidence of

Spear Use</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/10000bce.htm’><b>100 kya<b>:

Oldest Cave Paintings in India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>90 kya<b>:

Sahara Desert still wet and fertile</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleolithic#Advanced_tools’><b>90 kya<b>: 1st

Harpoon – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Population_bottleneck’><b>88 kya<b>:

Galapagos Tortoise population Bottleneck</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>88 kya<b>:

1st use of jewelry, shell necklaces, Morocco</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/origins/homo_neanderthalensis.php’><b>80

kya<b>: Early interbreeding between H. neanderthalensis & H. Sapiens</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>77

kya<b>: 1st bedding</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>75 kya<b>: H. Sapiens

spread throughout Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.mapsofindia.com/history/’><b>75 kya<b>: 1st H. sapiens in

India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>75 kya<b>: Khoisan and

Pygmy humans remain, interbreed with H. sapiens</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>75

kya<b>: India 1st inhabited by H. sapiens</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>75

kya<b>: East African to Arabian Peninsula migration acros Red Sea</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extinction_event’><b>74 kya<b>: 2nd

Quaternary Extinction Event</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>74 kya<b>: Lake Toba

eruption, 2,800 km3 – Indonesia</a><br>

<a href=”https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12862-017-0936-

9′><b>74 kya<b>: Toba Volcanic eruption – Indonesia</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toba_catastrophe_theory’><b>72 kya<b>: Toba

Volcanic Event, global cooling for 4ky</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>72 kya<b>: 6

years without summer, followed by 1,000 year ice age</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toba_catastrophe_theory’><b>72 kya<b>:

Human population bottleneck to >10k, as few as 2k</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>70 kya<b>:

Most recent ice age, Wisconsin Glaciation, begins</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>70

kya<b>: Back migration to Africa, homogenizing African and Eurasian lineages of H.

sapiens</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Population_bottleneck#Humans’><b>70

kya<b>: Possible H. sapiens bottleneck to as few as 10,000 individuals</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>70

kya<b>: H. sapiens – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au/objects-through-time/essays/50000-

years-before-present/’><b>70 kya<b>: 2nd Human migration, Mideast – South

Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleolithic#Advanced_tools’><b>70 kya<b>:

Microliths, small stone tools </a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>70 kya<b>:

1st symbolic art – South Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Behavioral_modernity’><b>70 kya<b>:

Development of modern behavior in Homo sapiens</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.pri.org/stories/2011-04-15/worlds-languages-traced-back-single-

african-mother-tongue-scientists’><b>70 kya<b>: Earliest estimate of mother tongue –

Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/this-cave-just-revealed-the-

oldest-examples-of-some-of-humanitys-greatest-innovations/’><b>67 kya<b>: Beads,

Arrow Points and Decorations made with bone – Kenya </a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hair#Human_hairlessness’><b>65 kya<b>:

Evolution of straight hair</a><br>

<a href=”https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12862-017-0936-

9′><b>65 kya<b>: 1st H. sapiens settlement of Indian subcontinent begins</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.therocksremain.org/2018/02/wherefore-art-thou-

neanderthal.html’><b>65 kya<b>: Neanderthals in trade with H. spaiens –

Spain</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/globalchange1/current/lectures/kling/paleocli

mate/’><b>64 kya<b>: Pleistocene Ice Age begins</a><br>

<a href=”https://gizmodo.com/scientists-who-doubt-neanderthal-art-must-reckon-with-

n-1823229563′><b>64 kya<b>: 1st Cave Painting, by H. nanderthalensis –

Spain</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>64

kya<b>: 1st use of bone tools</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_weapons#Pre-

history_and_the_ancient_world’><b>64 kya<b>: 1st Stone-tipped projectile weapons –

South Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://genographic.nationalgeographic.com/denisovan/’><b>60 kya<b>:

Homo sapiens  emigrates from Africa to Asia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>60 kya<b>: Australia, New

Guinea, and Tasmania still united</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Papua_New_Guinea’><b>60 kya<b>:

Papua New Guinea colonized</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>60 kya<b>:

Last common Y chromosome ancestor of H. sapiens</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>60

kya<b>: H. sapiens ancestors of the Pygmy people – Central Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.palomar.edu/anthro/homo2/mod_homo_4.htm’><b>60 kya<b>:

1st evidence of H. sapierns expanding beyond Middle East into Eurasia</a><br>

<a href=”Origins of Virtue – Matt Ridley’><b>60 kya<b>: Emigration from Africa, H.

sapiens, mixing & trading with H. neanderthalensis & H. denisovans</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>60

kya<b>: 1st hearths within caves – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Micoquien’><b>60 kya<b>: End of Micoquien

period of flint tools by Neanderthals – Eastern Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/speaking-of-

science/wp/2015/01/28/human-and-neanderthal-love-affair-is-traced-back-to-israel-

55000-years-ago/’><b>60 kya<b>: Last interbreeding between Homo sapiens and H.

neanderthalensis – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_evolution’><b>55 kya<b>: Latest

possible emigration of H. sapiens from Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.nau.edu/rcb7/Pleistmoll.jpg’><b>55 kya<b>: North and South

poles covered in ice, New Guinea attached to Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.palomar.edu/anthro/homo2/mod_homo_4.htm’><b>55 kya<b>:

90% of larger marsupial species extinct from Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12862-017-0936-

9′><b>55 kya<b>: Earliest Arrival of H. sapiens – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html’><b>52 kya<b>:

Evidence of counting</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>52

kya<b>: Dates, Pignola Seeds, Walnuts, Acorns, & Chsestnuts in Human diets –

Iraq</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>50

kya<b>: Odessa Impact Crater – TX</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>50 kya<b>: Rotoiti eruption,

240 km3 – New Zealand</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=outOfAfrica.htm’><b>50

kya<b>: H. sapiens emigration from Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>50 kya<b>: H. sapiens

arrives in central Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-has-human-brain-

evolved/’><b>50 kya<b>: H. sapiens brains now > 1,000 ml</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prehistoric_Italy#Paleolithic’><b>50 kya<b>: H.

neanderthalensis – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-biology/chapter/the-evolution-of-

primates/’><b>50 kya<b>: H erectus extinct</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.proof-of-evolution.com/human-evolution-timeline.html’><b>50

kya<b>: Beginning of Cro-Magnon culture – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Papua_New_Guinea’><b>50 kya<b>:

Papua New Guinea inland inhabited to 6,000 ft elevations</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denisovan’><b>50 kya<b>: Early estimate of H.

altai (Denisovan) – Asia</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/origins/homo_neanderthalensis.php’><b>50

kya<b>: Interbreeding between H. neanderthalensis and H sapiens</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.livinganthropologically.com/anthropology/denisovans-neandertals-

human-races/’><b>50 kya<b>: 1-4% of Eurasian Genome from H.

Neanderthalensis</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>50 kya<b>: Interbreeding

between Neanderthals and Denisovans</a><br>

<a href=”What Technology Wants – Kevin Kelley’><b>50 kya<b>: H. Sapiens increase

longevity, brgin having grandparents</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Homo_floresiensis’><b>50 kya<b>: H.

floresiensis goes extinct – Indonesia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>50 kya<b>: H. sapiens flight

from drought in Africa, through India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.npr.org/blogs/13.7/2013/09/05/219236801/when-did-human-

speech-evolve’><b>50 kya<b>: Latest estimate of spoken language</a><br>

<a href=”What Technology Wants – Kevin Kelley’><b>50 kya<b>: H. Sapiens begin

emigration from Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emiran’><b>50 kya<b>: Development of Emiran

Culture from Mouseterian – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”What Technology Wants – Kevin Kelley’><b>50 kya<b>: 1st shell bead

jewelry</a><br>

<a href=”Origin of Virtue – Matt Ridley, p 108′><b>50 kya<b>: Dart Thrower</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>49

kya<b>: Barringer Impact Crater – AZ</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>49

kya<b>: Tools using antler, ivory, bone, leather and wood, in addition to stone –

</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurignacian’><b>47 kya<b>: Beginning of

Aurignacian culture – France</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>45

kya<b>: 1st modern Europeans, from 7 men, 10 women via Y and

mitochondria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.webfamilytree.com/50,000_year_human_history.htm’><b>45

kya<b>: H. sapiens first arrive in Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>45 kya<b>: H. Sapiens and

  1. neanderthalensis coexist, 5ky – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>45 kya<b>:

Cro-Magnon colonization of Europe</a><br>

<a href=”What Technology Wants – Kevin Kelley’><b>45 kya<b>: H. Sapiens found in

all of Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12862-017-0936-

9′><b>45 kya<b>: Microlithic technology</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>44

kya<b>: 1st structures – Ukraine</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>44

kya<b>: 1st seaworthy watercraft – Indonesia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prehistoric_Italy#Paleolithic’><b>44 kya<b>:

Cro Magnon inhabitants – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>44 kya<b>: H.

neanderthalensis interbreed with H. sapiens, 4% of European genome

Neanderthal</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Ukraine’><b>44 kya<b>: H

neandertahlensis in Ukraine</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>43 kya<b>: H. sapiens near

Moscow – Russia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>43

kya<b>: H. denisova – Altai Mountains, Central Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>43

kya<b>: Earliest habitation of Europe by H. sapiens</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-18196349′><b>43 kya<b>:

1st musical instruments, flutes – Germany</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>43

kya<b>: 1st Tally sticks, counting – Swaziland</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Settlement_of_the_Americas’><b>42 kya<b>:

East Asian Emigration to Siberia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>42 kya<b>: H. sapiens

migration from Asia to Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>42 kya<b>:

1st Deep-Sea Fishing</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venus_of_Hohle_Fels’><b>42 kya<b>: Bone

Flute – Germany</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/origins/denisova_hominin.php’><b>41

kya<b>: H. denisova – Siberia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurignacian’><b>41 kya<b>: End of Aurignacian

culture – France</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>40

kya<b>: H. sapiens migration to Australia – Perth, Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tianyuan_man’><b>40 kya<b>: Regular

consumption of freshwater fish by H. sapiens – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denisovan’><b>40 kya<b>: H. Altal –

Siberia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5358699/First-Brit-dark-

skinned-blue-eyed.html’><b>40 kya<b>: H. sapiens migration into Asia –

Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://koreanhistory.info/PaleolithicandNeolithicKorea.htm’><b>40 kya<b>: H.

Neanderthalensis, H. Dravidians –  Korea</a><br>

<a href=”https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12862-017-0936-

9′><b>40 kya<b>: 2nd H. sapiens settlement of Indian subcontinent begins</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Japan#Prehistoric_and_ancient_Japan’>&lt;

b>40 kya<b>: H. sapiens migration to Japan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>40 kya<b>:

Earliest colonization of Australia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>40

kya<b>: Earliest use of Cremation of Dead – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>40

kya<b>: Cognitive explosion in art and artifact</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cave_painting’><b>40 kya<b>: Oldest Cave

Paintings in Europe, El Castillo – Spain</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/10000bce.htm’><b>40 kya<b>:

Oldest Cave Paintings in Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Russia#Prehistory’><b>40 kya<b>:

  1. sapiens – Arctic Russia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au/objects-through-time/essays/50000-

years-before-present/’><b>40 kya<b>: Mid-Eastern Migration to Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mousterian’><b>40 kya<b>: Decline of

Mouseterian period of Neanderthal – Sapiens mixture – Europe-Mideast</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emiran’><b>40 kya<b>: Decline of Emiran

Culture – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurignacian’><b>40 kya<b>: Earliest human

figurine, Hohlenstein – Germany</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_clothing_and_textiles#Early_adoption_of_fi

brous_apparel’><b>40 kya<b>: Earliest possible Sewing Needles</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>40 kya<b>: 1st use of shoes,

based on skeletal evidence – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing_ancient_numbers’><b>40

kya<b>: 1st use of tallies for counting</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/rockart-ages-indonesian-

cave-paintings-are-40000-years-old-180952970/?utm_source=facebook.com&amp;no-

ist’><b>40 kya<b>: Early Cave Paintings, Maros-Pangkep, Indonesia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>39 kya<b>: Campi Fleigrei

eruption, 84 km3 – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>39

kya<b>: Most Megafauna extinct – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>39

kya<b>: H. sapiens – Hong Kong</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>38

kya<b>: 1st Weaving – Georgia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>38

kya<b>: 1st Cave Art in Europe, H. neanderthalensis – Spain</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>38

kya<b>: Cave Art showing Horse, Rhinoceros, & Aurochs – France</a><br>

<a href=”http://discovermagazine.com/2013/dec/22-20-things-you-didnt-know-

aboutneanderthals’><b>38 kya<b>: Last interbreeding between Homo sapiens and

neanderthalensis, Eurasia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>37

kya<b>: Fruits, nuts, & roots gathered for food, but no cultivation</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mortar_and_pestle#History’><b>37 kya<b>: 1st

Mortar & Pestle – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12862-017-0936-

9′><b>36 kya<b>: Earliest Arrival of H. sapiens – Sri Lanka</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/01/upward-sun-river-

infants-genome-peopling-americas/549572/’><b>36 kya<b>: Beringean migrants began

to split from Eurasian populations – Siberia</a><br>

<a href=”https://gizmodo.com/when-did-humans-start-wearing-clothes-

1299154403′><b>36 kya<b>: 1st Dyed Flax – Georgia</a><br>

<a href=”https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12862-017-0936-

9′><b>35 kya<b>: Oldest H. sapiens fossil – India</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_natural_history#Quaternary_Period’><b

>35 kya<b>: Oldest hominins that split from our lineage 700 kya still contributed to our

genome at this time.</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>35

kya<b>: H. sapiens – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/10000bce.htm’><b>35 kya<b>:

Early evidence of counting, Lebombo Bone Bone</a><br>

<a href=”https://numberwarrior.wordpress.com/2009/06/10/whats-the-oldest-

mathematical-artifact-i/’><b>35 kya<b>: Oldest Tally stick, leg bone of baboon, possible

calendar – S. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>35

kya<b>: Cooking Hearths in Europe – Croatia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>35

kya<b>: 1st Flute – Germany</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>35 kya<b>: Calendar

invented</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venus_of_Hohle_Fels’><b>35 kya<b>: Venus of

Hohle Fels – Germany</a><br>

<a href=”http://nrich.maths.org/6070′><b>34 kya<b>: 1st representation of

constellation, Orion</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cat’><b>34 kya<b>: Dog earliest domestication –

Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.decktowel.com/pages/linen-history’><b>34 kya<b>: Earliest

textiles – Georgia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_erectus’><b>34

kya<b>: H. neanderthalensis might reach Arctic Circle</a><br>

<a href=”http://csfa.tamu.edu/who.php’><b>0<b&gt;: Migration to the Bering

Strait</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antelian’><b>0<b&gt;: Rise of Antelian Culture –

Middle East</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

0<b>: Mortar & Pestle for grinding oats – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>0<b&gt;: Early

Sculpture – Germany</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>0<b&gt;: Early

Musical Instrument – France</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>0<b&gt;:

1st Kiln firing of clay – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>31

kya<b>: Fire Pits for cooking Mammoth & other meats – Central Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>30 kya<b>: Last populations

of H. erectus extinct</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/20/science/a-new-theory-on-how-

neanderthal-dna-spread-in-asia.html?_r=1′><b>30 kya<b>: H. neanderthalensis extinct

in Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>30 kya<b>:

Sahara still wet and fertile</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.webfamilytree.com/50,000_year_human_history.htm’><b>30

kya<b>: Majority of H. sapiens families arrived in Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Denisovan’><b>30 kya<b>: Late estimate of H.

altai (Denisovan) – Asia</a><br>

<a href=”What Technology Wants – Kevin Kelley’><b>30 kya<b>: H. Sapiens found in

all of Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>30

kya<b>: H. sapiens – Sydney, Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>30

kya<b>: H. sapiens – Alice Springs, Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12862-017-0936-

9′><b>30 kya<b>: 2nd H. sapiens settlement of Indian subcontinent ends</a><br>

<a href=”What Technology Wants – Kevin Kelley’><b>30 kya<b>: H. Sapiens kill and

eat 90% of Megafauna species to extinction</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>30 kya<b>:

Migration to Japan</a><br>

<a href=”Origins of Virtue – Matt Ridley’><b>30 kya<b>: Seashell beads traded over

400 miles – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>30 kya<b>:

Earliest ritual cremation – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/10000bce.htm’><b>30 kya<b>:

Early evidence of counting, Wolf Bone</a><br>

<a href=”http://content.usatoday.com/communities/sciencefair/post/2010/10/30000-

year-old-flour-production-in-europe/1#.V6Varq483fI’><b>30 kya<b>: Flour in cooking –

Europe</a><br>

<a href=”Consider the Fork – Bee Wilson’><b>30 kya<b>: Earliest evidence of hot-stone

cooking</a><br>

<a href=”Origin of Virtue – Matt Ridley, p 108′><b>30 kya<b>: Mammoth Hunting

accelerates</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bread#History’><b>30 kya<b>: Earliest possible

use of breadmaking – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>30

kya<b>: Pottery Lamps – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleolithic#Advanced_tools’><b>30 kya<b>:

Spear Thrower</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>30

kya<b>: Ground Stone Tools – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>30

kya<b>: Early grinding stones – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.finaly.org/index.php/Reckoning_before_writing’><b>30 kya<b>: 1st

use of tally sticks for counting time</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>29 kya<b>:

  1. sapiens reach New Guinea</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gravettian’><b>29 kya<b>: Beginning of

Gravettian Period – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleolithic#Advanced_tools’><b>29 kya<b>:

Ceramic Art, Venus of Dolni Vestonice</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>28

kya<b>: Last H. neanderthalensis in Balkans and Spain</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution_of_the_brain’><b>28 kya<b>: Human

brain size relative to body wieght peak, H. neanderthalensis</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>28 kya<b>:

Early textile making – Czech</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>28 kya<b>:

1st braided rope</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleolithic#Advanced_tools’><b>28 kya<b>: 1st

Net for Fishing</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>28 kya<b>:

Oldest Known Pottery</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>27 mya<b>: Ornanui

eruption, 1,170 km3 – New Zealand</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html’><b>27 mya<b>:

Cro-Magnon H. sapiens</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.palomar.edu/anthro/homo2/mod_homo_4.htm’><b>27

mya<b>: Cro Magnon – France</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>27 mya<b>: 2/3 of Europe

covered in Glaciers</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.akhistorycourse.org/articles/article.php?artID=148′><b>27

mya<b>: Earliest possible migration to Alaska</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Last_Glacial_Maximum’>&lt;

b>27 mya<b>: H. sapiens habitation above Arctic Circle – Russia</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/10000bce.htm’><b>27 mya<b>:

Oldest Cave Paintings in Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html’><b>27 mya<b>:

Primitive Geometrical figures</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>27

mya<b>: 1st human habitation of Beijing area – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://gizmodo.com/when-did-humans-start-wearing-clothes-

1299154403′><b>27 mya<b>: 1st Woven fabric</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>26 kya<b>:

Fiber in widespread use to make nets and bags</a><br>

<a href=”https://gizmodo.com/when-did-humans-start-wearing-clothes-

1299154403′><b>26 kya<b>: 1st Venus figurines</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Younger_Dryas’><b>25 kya<b>: Peak Ice

Age</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>25 kya<b>: Americans

diverge from Siberians</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>25 kya<b>:

1st colonization of North America</a><br>

<a href=”http://discovermagazine.com/2013/dec/22-20-things-you-didnt-know-

aboutneanderthals’><b>25 kya<b>: Homo neanderthalensis goes extinct</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quern-stone’><b>25 kya<b>: Earliest Quern

stone, for grinding seeds into flours – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>25 kya<b>:

Oldest building – Czech Republic</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>25 kya<b>: 1st

Atlatl – Poland</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>25

kya<b>: 1st eyed needle for sewing – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>25 kya<b>:

1st Saw – Europe</a><br>

<a href=””Checkpoint” – Economist,Feb 25, 2017, p 70′><b>23 kya<b>: 1st migration

to Beringia, to stay for 8,000 years</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>23

kya<b>: Venus of Petikovice – Czech Republic</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>23 kya<b>: 1st

intentional growing of plants – Iraq</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_clothing_and_textiles#Early_adoption_of_fi

brous_apparel’><b>23 kya<b>: Earliest definite Sewing Needles – France</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>23 kya<b>: Earliest

Astronomy – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>22 kya<b>: 4° colder than modern</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>22 kya<b>: H. sapiens in

Southern Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/01/upward-sun-river-

infants-genome-peopling-americas/549572/’><b>22 kya<b>: Beringean migrants start

to fully separate from Eurasian populations – Siberia</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>22 kya<b>:

Venus of Willendorf sculpted – Austria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>22 kya<b>: Wild

grains being collected for food</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>21 kya<b>: Boston buried under mile of Ice,

Glaciers extend to NYC</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>21

kya<b>: H. sapiens – Canberra, Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>20

kya<b>: Last Glacial Maximum, Mean Sea Level 350 feet lower than today</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>20 kya<b>: More Sunlight reaches pole after shift in  Milankovitch cycle,

beginning warming</a><br>

<a

href=”http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20071122220200AAvm4Lu’><b>2

0 kya<b>: Horses Extinct in Americas</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lascaux’><b>20 kya<b>: Lascaux Cave Paintings

– France</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>20 kya<b>:

Kebarran Culture – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.vedicsciences.net/articles/history-of-numbers.html’><b>20

kya<b>: 1st  evidence of counting, Ishango Bone</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>20 kya<b>: Migration of Stone tool technology from China to

Japan</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_money#Barter’><b>20 kya<b>:

Earliest evidence of grain agriculture</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>20 kya<b>: Oil

lamps using animal fat – France</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>20 kya<b>: Latest possible start of cremation – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.deseretnews.com/article/865560110/A-brief-history-of-numbers-

and-counting-Part-1-Mathematics-advanced-with-civilization.html’><b>20 kya<b>: 1st

tally stick, inventions of number 1, Ishango Bone –  Congo</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>20 kya<b>: 1st Pottery –

China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Building#History’><b>20 kya<b>: 1st

Buildings</a><br>

<a href=”Consider the Fork – Bee Wilson’><b>20 kya<b>: 1st Grinding stones</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>20

kya<b>: Microlithic blades</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>20 kya<b>:

Bone needles for sewing – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>20 kya<b>:

Small knives – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>20 kya<b>:

Mammoth bones used for building shelter – Russia</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>19 kya<b>: CO2 concentration begins rise

from Ice age minimums</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.southernropes.co.za/catalogue/history_of_ropes.html’><b>19

kya<b>: Earliest evidence of Ropemaking.</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/01/upward-sun-river-

infants-genome-peopling-americas/549572/’><b>18 kya<b>: Beringean migrants

complete full separation from Eurasian populations – Siberia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kebaran’><b>18 kya<b>: Kebarran Culture –

Israel</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afroasiatic_languages#Date_of_Afroasiatic’><b>18

kya<b>: Earliest spoken Afro-asiatic language</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>18

kya<b>: Village made of Mammoth Bones – Ukraine</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>18 kya<b>: Hunting-

Gathering cultures extensive throughout H. sapiens</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gravettian’><b>18 kya<b>: End of Gravettian

Period – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kebaran’><b>18 kya<b>: Rise of Nomadic

Kebaran Culture – Israel</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Last_Glacial_Maximum’>&lt;

b>18 kya<b>: Bow and Arrow – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.proof-of-evolution.com/human-evolution-timeline.html’><b>17

kya<b>: H, floriensis extinct – Indonesia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>16.5 kya<b>: Beginning of

southward migration to Americas</a><br>

<a href=”http://newsfeed.time.com/2011/02/21/was-mans-first-best-friend-a-

fox/’><b>16.5 kya<b>: Fox domesticated – Jordan</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>16 kya<b>:

Pleistocene Ice Age ends</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>16 kya<b>: Rising Sea Level

separates Australia, New Guinea and Tasmania</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/01/upward-sun-river-

infants-genome-peopling-americas/549572/’><b>16 kya<b>: Native Americans split into

northern and southern lineages</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>16

kya<b>: Earliest Clay Pottery – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>15.5 kya<b>: Glaciers retreat from

NYC</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Missoula_Floods’><b>15.0  kya<b>: Missoula

Floods begin – NW USA</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>15.0  kya<b>:

Sea levels rise</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>15.0  kya<b>:

Japan separates from Asia because of flooding</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/01/upward-sun-river-

infants-genome-peopling-americas/549572/’><b>15.0  kya<b>: North American Glacier

begins melting</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>15.0  kya<b>:

Siberia separates from Alaska because of flooding</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>15.0

kya<b>: Wooly Rhinoceros extinct</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5358699/First-Brit-dark-

skinned-blue-eyed.html’><b>15.0  kya<b>: H. sapiens migration into UK from Europe

across land bridge revealed by ice age</a><br>

<a href=””Checkpoint” – Economist,Feb 25, 2017, p 70′><b>15.0  kya<b>: 1st

migration out of Beringia, peopling the Americas</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.akhistorycourse.org/articles/article.php?artID=148′><b>15.0

kya<b>: Latest possible migration to Alaska</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5358699/First-Brit-dark-

skinned-blue-eyed.html’><b>15.0  kya<b>: 1st archaeological evidence of human

habitation – UK</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3401800245.html’><b>15.0  kya<b>:

1st archaeological evidence of American habitation</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gourd#History’><b>15.0  kya<b>: Gourd

cultivated – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.footwearhistory.com/’><b>15.0  kya<b>: Cave Paintings show

humans wearing shoes – Spain</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>15.0  kya<b>:

1st sedentary hunter gatherer culture, Natufian – Palestine</a><br>

<a href=”What Technology Wants – Kevin Kelley’><b>15.0  kya<b>: H. Sapiens use 40

kinds of tools</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>15.0  kya<b>: Begin

collection of wild grains</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline.htm’><b>15.0  kya<b>: 1st Rice

Cultivated – Korea</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domestic_pig#History’><b>15.0  kya<b>: Pig

domesticated – Asia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/past-exhibitions/horse/domesticating-

horses/domestication-timeline’><b>15.0  kya<b>: Dogs domesticated – Asia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>15.

0  kya<b>: 1st Bullroarer musical instrument – Ukraine</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>15.0

kya<b>: Ground Stone Containers – Persia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/String_instrument#Earliest_string_instruments’><b&gt;

15.0  kya<b>: Earliest possible depiction of a stringed instrument – France</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>14.8

kya<b>: Humid Period begins in North African</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>14.5 kya<b>: Large Floods as glacial dams

burst – WA</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>14.5

kya<b>: 1st great melting, sea level rise</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quaternary_extinction_event’><b>14.5 kya<b>:

Beginning of Megafaunal Extinction</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natufian_culture’><b>14.5 kya<b>: Rise of

Natufian culture – Israel</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Ancient_authority’><b>±<b&gt;:

Anatolian Obsidian in trade as material for tools – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>14.0

kya<b>: Sahara still wet and fertile</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>14.0 kya<b>: Glaciers retreat from

Chicago</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.akhistorycourse.org/articles/article.php?artID=148′><b>14.0

kya<b>: 2nd migration, Na-Dene earliest estimate</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federmesser_culture’><b>14.0 kya<b>:

Federmesser Culture – Northern Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nordic_Stone_Age’><b>14.0 kya<b>: Earliest

human habitation of Scandinavia</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.ancient.eu/timeline/Agriculture/’><b>14.0 kya<b>: Mesolithic era

begins</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_West_Africa#Prehistory’><b>14.0

kya<b>: Earliest human habitation of West Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>14.0

kya<b>: Reindeer domesticated</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>14.0

kya<b>: Einkorn domesticated, first domesticated grain</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/10000bce.htm’><b>14.0 kya<b>:

First Map, on Mammoth Tusk – Ukraine</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>14.0

kya<b>: Frozen Storage – Ukraine</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>13.5 kya<b>: Temperatures start to decline

due to glacial floodwaters, Younger Dryas</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamburg_culture’><b>13.5 kya<b>: Hamburg

Culture</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>13.5 kya<b>: Early Settlement – Abu Hureyra,

Syria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>13.5 kya<b>:

Earliest Culivation of Rice – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nordic_Stone_Age’><b>13.4 kya<b>: Bromme

Culture – Scandanavia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>13.4

kya<b>: Fig trees cultivated – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>13.4

kya<b>: 1st use of Shoot cultivation – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Missoula_Floods’><b>13.0 kya<b>: Missoula

Floods end – NW USA</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extinction_event’><b>13.0 kya<b>: 3rd

Quaternary Extinction Event</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quaternary_extinction_event’><b>13.0 kya<b>:

American Cheetah & American Llama Extinct</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clovis_culture#Clovis_First_.2F_Single_origin_hypoth

esis’><b>13.0 kya<b>: Beginning of Clovis Culture – N. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://archaeology.uiowa.edu/american-indian-archery-technology-

0′><b>13.0 kya<b>: Humans reach Iowa</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>13.0 kya<b>: Humans Reach

Argentina</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahrensburg_culture’><b>13.0 kya<b>:

Ahrensburg Nomadic Culture – N. Europe</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afroasiatic_languages#Date_of_Afroasiatic’><b>13.

0 kya<b>: Latest origin of spoken Afro-asiatic language</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>13.0

kya<b>: 1st settlement  of Aleppo – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cemetery_117′><b>13.0 kya<b>: Battle at

Cemetery 117 – Sudan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>13.0

kya<b>: Early evidence of war – Canada</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>13.0

kya<b>: 1st sustained Agriculture – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>13.0 kya<b>: Pigs

domesticated – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>13.0

kya<b>: Rye Cultivated – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>12.5 kya<b>: Temperatures start to rise again

at peak of Younger Dryas</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Ireland#Prehistory_(10,500_BC%E2%80

%93400_AD)’><b>12.5 kya<b>: Earliest archaeological evidence of human habitation of

Ireland</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kebaran’><b>12.5 kya<b>: Decline of Nomadic

Kebaran Culture – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mureybet’><b>12.2 kya<b>: Hunter-gatherers

begin occupying Mureybet – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleolithic’><b>12.0 kya<b>: Ice Age Ends, End

of the Pleistocene Era</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/07/100701072732.htm’><b>12.0

kya<b>: Saber Toothed Cat, Shrub Ox Extinct</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/California_tapirs’><b>12.0 kya<b>: California

Tapir Extinct</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>12.0 kya<b>: Wooly

Mammoth extinct in North America and Eurasia</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bison’><b>12.0 kya<b>: Bison form into tighter

herds against hunters</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.livescience.com/12937-10-mysteries-humans-

evolution.html’><b>12.0 kya<b>: H. florsiensis extinct – Indonesia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>12.0 kya<b>: H. sapiens

sole surviving species of Homo</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_West_Africa#Prehistory’><b>12.0

kya<b>: H. sapiens colonizes W. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>12.0

kya<b>: H. sapiens occupies all ice-free parts of the world, aside from remote

islands.</a><br>

<a

href=”http://books.google.com/books?id=sW83VjYizp8C&pg=PA30&lpg=PA30&dq=Malba

nchia+founded&source=bl&ots=xVQ21unRAd&sig=Bn2f6Gszq9AhLqR8Cpq1ySvR7pE&hl=

en&sa=X&ei=0K2FU5nDHNLooATahIHQDg&ved=0CEoQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=Malbanc

hia%20founded&f=false’><b>12.0 kya<b>: Earliest evidence of American occupation of

Mississippi Delta</a><br>

<a href=”http://tucsongemandmineralshows.net/history-of-tucson.htm’><b>12.0

kya<b>: Earliest evidence of American occupation of Cuk Son (Tucson)</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/geography-

environment/environmental-history-georgia-overview’><b>12.0 kya<b>: Earliest

evidence oh Human occupation of Southeast US</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/south_america/serra_da_capivara/pedra_fur

ada/index.php’><b>12.0 kya<b>: South American Cave Paintings, Pedra Furada –

Brazil</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-

Tibetan_languages#Development_of_dialects_and_languages’><b>12.0 kya<b>:

Earliest Spoke Sino-Tibetan Root language</a><br>

<a href=”Mobile Wave – Michael Saylor’><b>12.0 kya<b>: 1st evidence of agricultural

settlements- Asia</a><br>

<a href=”Cadogan Guide, Tokyo, Kyoto, & Ancient Nara’><b>12.0 kya<b>: Jomon

period begins – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antelian’><b>12.0 kya<b>: Decline of Antelian

Culture – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleolithic’><b>12.0 kya<b>: End of the

Paleolithic Era</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.geographia.com/sweden/history.html’><b>12.0 kya<b>: 1st

occupation of Sweden</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>12.0 kya<b>: Wheat

cultivated – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>12.0 kya<b>: Barley

cultivated – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil_lamp#History’><b>12.0 kya<b>: 1st stone oil

lamps – France</a><br>

<a href=”http://quatr.us/food/chickpeas.htm’><b>12.0 kya<b>: Chickpeas cultivated –

Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>12.0

kya<b>: Dog Domesticated – Near East</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>12.0

kya<b>: Use of fire for landscape management – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>12.0

kya<b>: Permanent Villages practicing Agriculture common around world</a><br>

<a href=”Consider the Fork – Bee Wilson’><b>12.0 kya<b>: Cooking pots become

common around the world</a><br>

<a href=”http://fsos.com/celtic_history.htm#earlyeurope’><b>12.0 kya<b>: Neolithic

Period Begins in Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.slideshare.net/Shantimani/origin-of-hotel-industry’><b>12.0

kya<b>: Beginnng of inn-keeping</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.ancient.eu/timeline/Agriculture/’><b>12.0 kya<b>: Beginnings of

Agriculture – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>12.0 kya<b>: Sheep

domesticated – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>12.0

kya<b>: Goats domesticated – Near East</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>12.0

kya<b>: Earliest Flatbreads</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>12.0 kya<b>:

Beginning of large scale agriculture – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>12.0

kya<b>: Emmer grain cultivated, 2nd seed crop in world – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Cetartiodactyla/Suidae.html’><b>12.0

kya<b>: Earliest Domestication of Pigs – Thailand</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_glaciation’><b>11.7 kya<b>: Last

Glacial period ends</a><br>

<a href=”http://thedailyjournalist.com/the-historian/unknown-civilizations-tell-

mureybet/’><b>11.7 kya<b>: Natufian Hunter-Gatherer period ends with Cooking Pits

Mureybet – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://thedailyjournalist.com/the-historian/unknown-civilizations-tell-

mureybet/’><b>11.7 kya<b>: Khiamian Pre-agricultural period begins, Mureybet –

Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>11.5

kya<b>: Likely migration of Inuit to Americas</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>11.5

kya<b>: 2nd great melting, Sea Level Rise</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>11.5 kya<b>: H. sapiens

world population ~ 5ml, mostly Hunter-Gatherers</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2018/01/upward-sun-river-

infants-genome-peopling-americas/549572/’><b>11.5 kya<b>: Upward Sun River

Burial, showing ancestry of native Americans – AK</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natufian_culture’><b>11.5 kya<b>: Decline of

Natufian culture – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pre-Pottery_Neolithic_A’><b>11.5 kya<b>: PPNA

period begins – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>11.5

kya<b>: 1st mention of Religion</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>11.5 kya<b>: 8

Neolithic Founder Crops: Emmer wheat, Einkorn wheat, hulled Barley, Peas, Lentils, bitter

Vetch, Chickeas, and Flax being cultivated – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>11.5

kya<b>: Wooden Buildings – Chile</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.cabrillo.edu/~crsmith/noamer_nwcoast.html’><b>11.4 kya<b>:

Short Faced Bears, American Lion and Ground Sloths Extinct</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_construction#Neolithic_construction’><b&gt;

11.4 kya<b>: Beginning of Neolithic Age</a><br>

<a href=”http://thedailyjournalist.com/the-historian/unknown-civilizations-tell-

mureybet/’><b>11.3 kya<b>: Khiamian Pre-agricultural period ends with Round

dwellings & seed crops, Mureybet – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://thedailyjournalist.com/the-historian/unknown-civilizations-tell-

mureybet/’><b>11.3 kya<b>: Pre-Pottery Neolithic  period begins, Mureybet –

Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>11.3

kya<b>: First storage of wild seeds – Jordan</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.infoplease.com/us/race-population/major-pre-columbian-indian-

cultures-united-states’><b>11.2 kya<b>: Clovis Culture Begins</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>11.0 kya<b>: Global temperatures reach

modern levels</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Paleolithic#30.2C000_BCE’><b>11.0

kya<b>: H. sapiens – Argentina</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-5358699/First-Brit-dark-

skinned-blue-eyed.html’><b>11.0 kya<b>: H. sapiens migration into Europe from

Central Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.palomar.edu/anthro/homo2/mod_homo_4.htm’><b>11.0

kya<b>: 3/4 of larger mammal species extinct from Americas</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.akhistorycourse.org/articles/article.php?artID=148′><b>11.0

kya<b>: Oldest Archaeological site in Alaska, Onion Portage</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clovis_culture’><b>11.0 kya<b>: Beginning of

Clovis Period</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0002130.html’><b>11.0 kya<b>: Beginning

of Folsom Period</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0002130.html’><b>11.0 kya<b>: Beginning

of Plainview & Northwest Coast Cultures</a><br>

<a href=”http://inquiryunlimited.org/timelines/histNatAm.html’><b>11.0 kya<b>:

Beginning of Woodland period</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ereferencedesk.com/resources/state-history-

timeline/california.html’><b>11.0 kya<b>: Americans settle in California, over 135

dialects develop</a><br>

<a

href=”http://faculty.washington.edu/qtaylor/a_us_history/0000_1600_timeline.htm’><b

>11.0 kya<b>: Evidence of Group Hunting in Colorado</a><br>

<a href=”https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/kzye9w/the-mysterious-

disappearance-of-north-americas-first-dogs’><b>11.0 kya<b>: Americans bring Dogs

with them from Siberia</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>11.0 kya<b>: Forest Gardening, Amazonia – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>11.0 kya<b>: Shift from

Hunting-Gathering to Agriculture Begins</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_construction’><b>11.0 kya<b>:

Neolithic “Stone Age” Period begins</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Ancient_authority’><b>11.0

kya<b>: 1st use of Grain Money and Cattle Money to represent agricultural

wealth</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.sci-news.com/archaeology/reconstruction-star-carr-headdresses-

03781.html’><b>11.0 kya<b>: Shamanism – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>11.0 kya<b>: Figs cultivated – Jordan</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>11.0

kya<b>: Barley cultivated – Jordan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>11.0 kya<b>:

Wheat, Barley & Jujube cultivated – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.locogringo.com/chicle-ancient-maya-william-wrigley’><b>11.0

kya<b>: Chicle-tapping begins – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.ancient.eu/timeline/Agriculture/’><b>11.0 kya<b>: Wild sheep

managed  – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beer#History’><b>11.0 kya<b>: Wheat cultivated

– Jordan</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beer#History’><b>11.0 kya<b>: 1st production

of beer – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>11.0

kya<b>: Sheep domesticated</a><br>

<a href=”https://milk.procon.org/view.timeline.php?timelineID=000018′><b>11.0

kya<b>: Cow domesticated from Aurochs – Near East</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_West_Africa#Prehistory’><b>11.0

kya<b>: Palm cultivated  – Niger</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>11.0

kya<b>: 1st clay Houses – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>11.0

kya<b>: 1st religious temple – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>11.0

kya<b>: 1st Glazed Pottery – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.infoplease.com/us/race-population/major-pre-columbian-indian-

cultures-united-states’><b>10.9 kya<b>: Folsom Culture Begins</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Byblos’><b>10.8 kya<b>: Byblos 1st inhabited –

Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://thedailyjournalist.com/the-historian/unknown-civilizations-tell-

mureybet/’><b>10.8 kya<b>: Pre-Pottery Neolithic  period ends with rectangualr

dwellings, seed agriculture, Mureybet – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://thedailyjournalist.com/the-historian/unknown-civilizations-tell-

mureybet/’><b>10.8 kya<b>: Occupation Phase IV begins, Mureybet – Syria</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_Americans_in_the_United_States’><b>10.5

kya<b>: Holocene Epoch begins, Climate similar to modern</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>10.5 kya<b>: Kurile eruption,

150 km3 – Russia</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>10.5 kya<b>: Rising Oceans flood Bering Land

Bridge</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>10.5 kya<b>: Glaciers retreat across Canadian

border</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.infoplease.com/us/race-population/major-pre-columbian-indian-

cultures-united-states’><b>10.5 kya<b>: Plainview Culture Begins</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

10.5 kya<b>: Neolithic Revolution begins – Near East</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>10.

5 kya<b>: 1st Stone Temple – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>10.5 kya<b>: Creswellian Culture – UK</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>10.5 kya<b>: Pigs

domesticated from Wild Boar – Europe, East Asia, SW Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>10.5 kya<b>:

earliest Cattle domesticated from the Aurochs – Turkey/Pakistan</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>10.0 kya<b>:

Sahara still covered in forests and rivers, fed by monsoons</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Temperatures level out above

1990 levels</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extinction_event#List_of_extinction_events’><b>10.

0 kya<b>: Beginning of Holocene Extinction, advancing to Anthropocene</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_extinct_animals_of_North_America’><b>10.0

kya<b>: Florida Spectacled Bear, Dire Wolf, Camelops, & Beautiful Armadillo

Extinct</a><br>

<a href=”http://dinosaurs.about.com/od/mesozoicmammals/p/glyptodon.htm’><b>10.0

kya<b>: Glyptodon extinct – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Cetartiodactyla/Camelidae.html’><b>10.0

kya<b>: Camelids disappear from N. America</a><br>

<a

href=”http://catoddities.com/The%20Evolution%20of%20House%20Cats.pdf’><b>10.0

kya<b>: House Mice – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3401800245.html’><b>10.0 kya<b>:

Cheddar Man  – UK</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.proof-of-evolution.com/human-evolution-timeline.html’><b>10.0

kya<b>: End of Cro-Magnon culture – Europe</a><br>

<a

href=”http://faculty.washington.edu/qtaylor/a_us_history/0000_1600_timeline.htm’><b

>10.0 kya<b>: Archaic Period Begins</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ereferencedesk.com/resources/state-history-

timeline/alabama.html’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Native Americans – Russel Cave, AL</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>10.0 kya<b>:

Humans Reach Tierra del Fuego at south tip of S. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3401800245.html’><b>10.0 kya<b>:

Shift from Big Game to Hunter/Gatherer – Eastern Woodlands</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>10.0

kya<b>: Earliest evidence of Basketry</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Brazil#Precolonial_history’><b>10.0

kya<b>: 1st inhabitants of Brazil</a><br>

<a href=”http://historyoftheuniverse.com/index.php?p=nomads.htm’><b>10.0 kya<b>:

Neolithic revolution</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Ancient_authority’><b>10.0

kya<b>: Switch from Hunter Gatherer to Agricultural – Middle East</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab63′><b>1

0.0 kya<b>: Burial within houses – Jericho, Israel</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wall_of_Jericho’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Oldest

defensive wall, Jericho – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”http://quatr.us/africa/history/’><b>10.0 kya<b>: 1st wars – Kenya</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>10.0

kya<b>: 1st use of Copper – Middle East</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>10.0

kya<b>: Largest City, pop’n 500 – Mureybet, Syria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mureybet’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Agriculturalists

abandon Mureybet, 110 generations after hunter-gatherers started it – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://thedailyjournalist.com/the-historian/unknown-civilizations-tell-

mureybet/’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Occupation Phase IV ends with more domesticated

livestock & much less grain agriculture, Mureybet – Syria</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab63′><b>1

0.0 kya<b>: Jericho lives mainly off agriculutre</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Ancient_authority’><b>10.0

kya<b>: 1st tokens for recordkeeping, “Bulla” – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prehistoric_warfare’><b>10.0 kya<b>: 1st Art

showing violence between people – Australia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nataruk’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Early Massacre 27

killed by bow & arrow, Nataruk, Kenya</a><br>

<a href=”http://quatr.us/food/honey.htm’><b>10.0 kya<b>: 1st use of waterproof

gourds for Honey – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>10.0 kya<b>: African

Millet first cultivated – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Sorghum

cultivated – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Banks

of River Nile under continuous cultivation – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Rice

cultivated – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.lifewithcats.tv/2016/02/26/ancient-ancestor-of-domestic-cat-

chose-us-not-the-other-way-around/’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Cat Domesticated – Middle

East</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>10.0

kya<b>: 1st use of the planting stick</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pistachio#History’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Pistachio

Cultivated</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>10.0

kya<b>: Goat Domesticated – Near East</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/how-the-chicken-conquered-the-

world-87583657/’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Chicken Domesticated – SE Asia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>10.0

kya<b>: Pigs domesticated -China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/past-exhibitions/horse/domesticating-

horses/domestication-timeline’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Sheep domesticated – Middle

East</a><br>

<a

href=”http://cwh.ucsc.edu/bananas/Site/Early%20History%20of%20the%20Banana.html

‘><b>10.0 kya<b>: Earliest Banana Cultivated – New Guinea</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>10.0

kya<b>: Rice Cultivated – China</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>10.0

kya<b>: Squash Cultivated – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://mbe.oxfordjournals.org/content/17/4/499.full’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Barley

Cultivated – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cassava#History’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Cassava

cultivated – Brazil</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Potato

cultivated – Andes</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Beans

cultivated – Andes</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Coca

cultivated – Andes</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>10.0 kya<b>:

Lllamas & Alpacas Domesticated – Andes</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>10.0 kya<b>:

Guinea Pigs Domesticated – Andes</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sickle#History’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Sickle

developed</a><br>

<a href=”http://bettersleep.org/sleep-extras/history-of-the-mattress/’><b>10.0

kya<b>: 1st Beds for sleeping</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>10.0 kya<b>:

Earliest Clay Pottery – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arrow’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Bow and Arrow in use

– Germany</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>10.0

kya<b>: 1st Paddles for boats – Germany</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>10.0

kya<b>: Bone spear points – Scandinavia</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dugout_canoe’><b>10.0 kya<b>: 1st dugout

canoes – Netherlands</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shoes’><b>10.0 kya<b>: Earliest found sandals –

OR</a><br>

<a

href=”http://faculty.washington.edu/qtaylor/a_us_history/0000_1600_timeline.htm’><b

>9.6 kya<b>: First Agriculture in Mexican Highlands</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>9.6 kya<b>: Hunter-

Gatherers living in present- day Paris – France</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pre-Pottery_Neolithic_B’><b>9.6 kya<b>: Pre-

Pottery Neolithic B culture – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>9.5 kya<b>: Beginning of Holocene Climate

optimum of warm stable temperatures</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%87atalh%C3%B6y%C3%BCk’><b>9.5

kya<b>: Early Proto-City, Çatalhöyük – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Ancient_authority’><b>9.5

kya<b>: Switch from Hunter Gatherer to Agricultural – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

9.5 kya<b>: Bitter Vetch cultivated – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”http://ushotstuff.com/history.htm’><b>9.5 kya<b>: Chili Peppers Cultivated –

Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>9.3 kya<b>: Domestication

of Dogs – UK</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>9.2 kya<b>:

Founding of Amman, Jordan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>9.2 kya<b>: Sheep

domesticated – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>9.2 kya<b>: Donkeys

domesticated – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.honeyassociation.com/index.asp?pid=9′><b>9.2 kya<b>: Honey

gathered – Spain</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>9.0 kya<b>:

Sahara now a Savanna, less wet than before</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Collapse of N. American Ice Sheet

leads to 6′-12′ sea level rise</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Holocene_migrations’><b

>9.0 kya<b>: Beginning of Holocene climate optimum</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.akhistorycourse.org/articles/article.php?artID=148′><b>9.0

kya<b>: Latest Na-Dene migration</a><br>

<a href=”http://archives.state.al.us/timeline/al1000.html’><b>9.0 kya<b>: 1st Atlatl in

Americas – AL</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ushistory.org/civ/11.asp’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Hunter Gatherers –

Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”Consider the Fork – Bee Wilson’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Large Cooking Pots –

Tuhuaca valley, Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potato#History’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Potato

cultivated – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.growpeanuts.com/peanut.html’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Peanut

cultivated – Paraguay</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Squash_%28plant%29′><b>9.0 kya<b>: Squash

cultivated – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.hardwaresource.com/hinge-resource-center/hinge-historyhistorical-

development-advances-of-hinges/’><b>9.0 kya<b>: No hinges in evidence, no doors to

dwellings – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mehrgarh’><b>9.0 kya<b>: rise of Mergarh

culture – Pakistan</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>9.0

kya<b>: 1st Rectangular Buildings – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>9.0

kya<b>: 1st longboat – Netherlands</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing’><b>9.0 kya<b>: 1st Proto

writing, Jiahu – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>9.0 kya<b>:

1st culture in China, Jaihu</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>9.0 kya<b>:

1st culture in India, Mergarh</a><br>

<a href=”https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#inbox/14eb0c083de9fbd5′><b>9.0

kya<b>: Farming requires permanent settlement</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_construction#Neolithic_construction’><b&gt;

9.0 kya<b>: Neolithic era begins</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>9.0

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 1,000-2000 – Jordan, Turkey, Israel</a><br>

<a href=”https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/who-built-the-first-house-and-what-even-

is-a-house/’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Square walls of structure respesent permanent residence –

Çatalhöyük, Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Jiahu Settled – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goat#History’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Goat

domesticated – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.walnuts.org/about-walnuts/walnut-history/’><b>9.0 kya<b>:

Walnuts cultivated – Persia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Bees

domesticated – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bean#Cultivation’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Beans

Cultivated – Thailand</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_West_Africa#Prehistory’><b>9.0

kya<b>: Black Eyed Peas Cultivated – Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_alcoholic_beverages#Archaeological_recor

d’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Early Fermented Wine – China</a><br>

<a

href=”http://robinsonlibrary.com/agriculture/agriculture/history/timeline.htm’><b>9.0

kya<b>: Grain Agriculture developed – Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_alcoholic_beverages#Archaeological_recor

d’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Barley Beer – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>9.0

kya<b>: Apples cultivated – SW Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/ask-smithsonian-

are-cats-domesticated-180955111/’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Cats domesticated –

Cyprus</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Sugar

cane cultivated – New Guinea</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>9.0 kya<b>:

Agriculture in practice – New Guinea</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>9.0 kya<b>:

Sumerian systematization of sowing and harvest – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Agriculture in practice, along with hunting – Mehrgarh,

India</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.decktowel.com/pages/linen-history’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Earliest

woven cloth, linen – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.feathr.com/blog/a-brief-history-of-cushions/’><b>9.0 kya<b>:

Eariest Cushions – Iraq</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/plaintexthistories.asp?historyid=ab79′><b>9.

0 kya<b>: 1st Sledge – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/505109/roads-and-

highways/71881/History’><b>9.0 kya<b>: Early footpaths – Jericho</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>8.7

kya<b>: Corn cultivated – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleoglot.blogspot.com/2008/01/science-of-lake-euxine-and-mythology-

of.html’><b>8.5 kya<b>: Euxine fills  in to form the Black Sea – Mid-East</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>8.5 kya<b>: Period  of cooling after collapse of

  1. American Ice Sheet</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.infoplease.com/us/race-population/major-pre-columbian-indian-

cultures-united-states’><b>8.5 kya<b>: Northwest Coast Culture Begins</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_South_America#Prehistory’><b>8.5

kya<b>: Potatoes, Chiles & Beans begin cultivation – S.America</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.deq.state.ok.us/lpdnew/wastehistory/wastehistory.htm’><b>8.5

kya<b>: 5 pounds of waste per day – CO</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.deq.state.ok.us/lpdnew/wastehistory/wastehistory.htm’><b>8.5

kya<b>: Each American generates 5.3 lbs waste/day – CO</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Paleolithic’><b>8.5

kya<b>: 1st Lead Smelting – Turkey</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>8.5

kya<b>: Largest City, pop’n 3,000-10,000 – Çatalhöyük, Turkey</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab63′><b>8

.5 kya<b>: Sky Burial – Catal Huyuk, Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>8.7 kya<b>: 1st Dairy –

Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>8.7 kya<b>: Enset

cultivated – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>8.5

kya<b>: Cattle domesticated</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.ancient.eu/timeline/Agriculture/’><b>8.5 kya<b>: Peas

Culitvated – Eastern Mediterranean'</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paleoclimatology#Sclerochronology’><b>8.2 kya

<b>: Holocene Climatic optimum</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8.2_kiloyear_event’><b>8.2 kya <b>: 8.2

kiloyear event, sudden decrease in temperature, famine</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>8.2 kya <b>: Rice

cultivated – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>8.2 kya <b>: Millet

Cultivated – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tsunamis_affecting_the_British_Isles’><b>8.1

kya<b>: Scotland Tsunami</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>8.0 kya<b>: British Isles cut off from Europe

as Sea Levels Rise</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Homo_sapiens’><b>8.0

kya<b>: Australia and New Guinea separated by Rising Sea Levels</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>8.0

kya<b>: Lima Beans cultivated – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>8.0 kya<b>: Agriculture

developing – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>8.0

kya<b>: Chili peppers and squash part of diets – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>8.0

kya<b>: Potato Cultivated – Chile</a><br>

<a

href=”http://academic.udayton.edu/health/syllabi/tobacco/history.htm#begin’><b>8.0

kya<b>: Tobacco Cultivated – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>8.0

kya<b>: Earliest clay pottery in Americas – Brazil</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.china.org.cn/e-gudai/index-1.htm’><b>8.0 kya<b>: 1st cultures

in China, Daxi, Majiapang, Hemudu & Yangshu – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ur’><b>8.0 kya<b>: Early occupation of Ur –

Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>8.0 kya<b>: 1st copper smelting – Anatolia</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>8.0

kya<b>: 1st Skis – Russia</a><br>

<a href=”http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/281/1791/20141349′><b>8.0

kya<b>: 1st despotic governance structure, Mesopotamia – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.elevestairs.com/stairs-history.php’><b>8.0 kya<b>: 1st

Stairs</a><br>

<a href=”http://news.sciencemag.org/archaeology/2015/02/mysterious-indo-european-

homeland-may-have-been-steppes-ukraine-and-russia’><b>8.0 kya<b>: Proto Indo-

European language- Ukraine</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/prehistoric/’><b>8.0 kya<b>:

Deforestation leads to collapse of communities – Mideast</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nabta_Playa#Early_history’><b>8.0 kya<b>:

Nabta Playa civilization -Sudan</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>8.0

kya<b>: Largest City, pop’n 3,000-10,000 – Çatalhöyük, Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Armenia#Prehistory’><b>8.0

kya<b>: Shulaveri-Shomu Culture – Armenia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Georgia_(country)#Prehistoric_period’>&lt;

b>8.0 kya<b>: Beginning of Metallurgy, Shulaveri-Shomu Culture – Georgia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Ancient_authority’><b>8.0

kya<b>: Organized trade in black obsidian established – Mediterranean basin</a><br>

<a

href=”http://web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimeline.htm’><b>8.0

kya<b>: River People – Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”http://web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimeline.htm’><b>8.0

kya<b>: Isonghee Culture – Congo</a><br>

<a

href=”http://web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimeline.htm’><b>8.0

kya<b>: Cyclopian Culture – Central Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”http://web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimeline.htm’><b>8.0

kya<b>: San Culture forced to less hospitable areas – S. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/prehistoric/’><b>8.0 kya<b>: Herding

of Goats intensifies – Mideast</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>8.0

kya<b>: Fava Beans cultivated – Eastern Mediterranean</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>8.0 kya<b>: Rise of

Agriculture in Iberian Peninsula – Spain</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/prehistoric/’><b>8.0 kya<b>: Cheese

discovered – Mideast</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mehrgarh’><b>8.0 kya<b>: Elephant

domesticated – Pakistan</a><br>

<a

href=”http://robinsonlibrary.com/agriculture/agriculture/history/timeline.htm’><b>8.0

kya<b>: Farming begins in Yellow River Valley – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olive_oil#Early_cultivation’><b>8.0 kya<b>:

Olives first cultivated – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.seasalt.com/salt-101/history-of-salt’><b>8.0 kya<b>: Salt

production</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

8.0 kya<b>: Granary – Mergarh, Pakistan</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>8.0

kya<b>: Opium Poppy cultivated – Mediterranean</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sugarcane#History’><b>8.0 kya<b>: Sugarcane

cultivated – New Guinea</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wool#History’><b>8.0 kya<b>: Domesticated

sheep selected for Wool – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.irrigationmuseum.org/exhibit2.aspx’><b>8.0 kya<b>: 1st

irrigation systems – Mesopotamia</a><br>

<a href=”http://archaeology.about.com/od/cterms/a/Cotton.htm’><b>8.0 kya<b>: 1st

cultivation of cotton – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>8.0 kya<b>: Agriculture

migrates to southern and Eastern Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.saltworks.us/salt_info/si_HistoryOfSalt.asp’><b>8.0 kya<b>: Salt

purified – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cuevas_de_la_Ara%C3%B1a’><b>8.0 kya<b>:

Honey gathering – Spain</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>8.0

kya<b>: Citrus cultivated – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>8.0 kya<b>:

Common bread wheat (T. aestivum) 1st cultivated</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grapes#History’><b>8.0 kya<b>: Grapes

cultivated – Georgia</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wine#History’><b>8.0 kya<b>: 1st fermenting of

wine – Georgia</a><br>

<a

href=”http://web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimeline.htm’><b>8.0

kya<b>: Abacus – Congo</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_archery#Prehistory’><b>8.0 kya<b>:

Earliest direct evidence of bow & arrow</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>8.0 kya<b>: 1st boats – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>7.9

kya<b>: Millet cultivated – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>7.8 kya<b>: Agriculture

introduced to France</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>7.8 kya<b>: Mung,

Soy & adzuki Beans Cultivated – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>7.6 kya<b>: Black Sea

Deluge, forcing people out of fertile crescent</a><br>

<a href=”http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/timeline.html’><b>7.6 kya<b>: Sahara

Desert starts forming</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>7.5 kya<b>: Agriculture

develops in China</a><br>

<a href=”http://blog.longreads.com/2015/10/14/i-would-rather-be-herods-pig-the-

history-of-a-taboo/’><b>7.5 kya<b>: Irrigation Agriculture, Mesopotamia –

Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>7.5 kya<b>: Teff

cultivated – N. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>7.5 kya<b>: Finger Millet

– N. Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”http://robinsonlibrary.com/agriculture/agriculture/history/timeline.htm’><b>7.5

kya<b>: Simple Irrigation – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Date_palm#History’><b>7.5 kya<b>: Date Palm

cultivated</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prehistory#Chalcolithic’><b>7.5 kya<b>: 1st

copper smelting – Siberia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>7.5 kya<b>:

1st copper smelting – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://gizmodo.com/when-did-humans-start-wearing-clothes-

1299154403′><b>7.5 kya<b>: 1st Linen – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>7.4 kya<b>: 1st farming

communities in Central Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T%C4%83rt%C4%83ria_tablets’><b>7.3

kya<b>: Possibly ealiest writing – Romania</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/08/health/sickle-cell-

mutation.html’><b>7.3 kya<b>: Sickle-cell trait, W. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>7.2 kya<b>: Africa enters

Dry phase</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>7.2 kya<b>:

Malta colonized</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.ancient.eu/timeline/Agriculture/’><b>7.2 kya<b>: Chickens

domesticated – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digging’><b>7.2 kya<b>: Wells for

water</a><br>

<a href=”https://milk.procon.org/view.timeline.php?timelineID=000018′><b>7.2

kya<b>: Evolution of Lactase Persistence – Europe</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_construction#Neolithic_construction’><b&gt;

7.0 kya<b>: End of Neolithic Age, Beginning of Copper Age</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>7.0

kya<b>: Largest City, pop’n 4,000 – Tell Brak, Syria</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Georgia_(country)#Prehistoric_period’>&lt;

b>7.0 kya<b>: Round houses with central chimneys – Georgia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talheim_Death_Pit’><b>7.0 kya<b>: Talheim

Massacre – Germany</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-04375-6′><b>7.0 kya<b>: Drop

in Y Chromosomal diversity from warring patrilineal clans</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>7.0

kya<b>: Anise cultivated – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>7.0 kya<b>:

Sorghum cultivated – Sahel</a><br>

<a

href=”http://cwh.ucsc.edu/bananas/Site/Early%20History%20of%20the%20Banana.html

‘><b>7.0 kya<b>: Banana cultivated – New Guinea</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yogurt#History’><b>7.0 kya<b>: Yogurt

developed – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.sci-news.com/archaeology/article00788.html’><b>7.0 kya<b>:

Timber lining for water wells – Germany</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>7.0

kya<b>: Copper Smelting -Serbia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>7.0

kya<b>: Lacquer – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>7.0

kya<b>: Oars – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guinea_pig’><b>7.0 kya<b>: Guinea Pig

domesticated, as food – Peru & Ecuador</a><br>

<a

href=”http://faculty.washington.edu/qtaylor/a_us_history/0000_1600_timeline.htm’><b

>7.0 kya<b>: Athapascan Migration to America</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>7.0

kya<b>: Corn cultivated – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3401800245.html’><b>7.0 kya<b>:

Na-Dene Fishing culture of Pacific Northwest</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Native_Americans_in_the_United_States’&gt;

<b>7.0 kya<b>: Oshara Tradition People in Desert SW, Southwest Archaic

Period</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eridu’><b>7.0 kya<b>: Oldest city in world, Eridu

– Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>7.0 kya<b>: Herxiem

Massacre – Germany</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/linguists-link-english-hindi-single-

ancestor-language-spoken-5500-years-ago/’><b>7.0 kya<b>: Indo-European Root

Language</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_construction’><b>7.0 kya<b>: Copper

Age begins</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing’><b>7.0 kya<b>: 1st Proto-

writing in Europe, Vinca – Romania</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.stumbleupon.com/su/1FUdSS’><b>7.0 kya<b>: Vinca Culture –

Serbia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ultimateungulate.com/Cetartiodactyla/Suidae.html’><b>7.0

kya<b>: Pig domesticated – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_pizza’><b>7.0 kya<b>: Oldest

flatbread found – Sardinia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ancientgrains.com/amaranth-history-and-origin/’><b>7.0 kya<b>:

Amaranth cultivated – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>7.0 kya<b>:

Rice  cultivated – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Date_palm#History_of_dates’><b>7.0 kya<b>:

Dates cultivated – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soybean’><b>7.0 kya<b>: Soybean cultivated –

China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spelt’><b>7.0 kya<b>: Spelt Cultivated –

Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://archaeology.about.com/od/cterms/a/Cotton.htm’><b>7.0 kya<b>:

Cotton cultivated – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garlic’><b>7.0 kya<b>: Garlic Cultivated –

Asia</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>7.0 kya<b>: Agriculture in practice, meat coming from domesticated

animals – Mehrgarh, India</a><br>

<a

href=”http://robinsonlibrary.com/agriculture/agriculture/history/timeline.htm’><b>7.0

kya<b>: Rice in cultivation – Asia</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_construction’><b>7.0 kya<b>: 1st

Mortise and Tenon Joints – China</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>7.0

kya<b>: Oldest Wine Jar – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>7.0 kya<b>: 1st metal tools

produced</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>7.0

kya<b>: 1st Kiln – Mesopotamia</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_transportation_technology#Antiquity’><b

>7.0 kya<b>: Wheels developed – Indus Valley</a><br>

<a

href=”http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bl_history_of_transportation.htm’><b

>7.0 kya<b>: 1st Ships with Oars</a><br>

<a href=”Flushed – W. Hodding Carter’><b>7.0 kya<b>: 1st pipes for water, Bamboo –

China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solnitsata’><b>6.7 kya<b>: Oldest town in

Europe, Solnitsata – Bulgaria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>6.5

kya<b>: Mini-Ice Age starts, Sea Level falls</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.pacmusee.qc.ca/en/exhibitions/varna-worlds-first-gold-ancient-

secrets’><b>6.5 kya<b>: Varna civilization begins – Hungary</a><br>

<a

href=”http://web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimeline.htm’><b>6.5

kya<b>: Burial texts in tombs – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>6.5 kya<b>:

Irrigaion in use – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olive_oil#Early_cultivation’><b>6.5 kya<b>:

Olive oil produced – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_poison’><b>6.5 kya<b>: 1st

poisons</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>6.4 kya<b>: Sahara still

grass and woodland with abundant rainfall</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>6.4 kya<b>: Kikai eruption,

150 km3 – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>6.4 kya<b>: McCauley

eruption, 100 km3 – New Zealand</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/ch01.htm’><b>6.4 kya<b>: Ubadian Settlements

– Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>6.4 kya<b>: Farming

reintroduced to sub-Saharan Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>6.4

kya<b>: Copper Sewing Needle – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://quatr.us/food/honey.htm’><b>6.4 kya<b>: 1st Clay beehives</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.pacmusee.qc.ca/en/exhibitions/varna-worlds-first-gold-ancient-

secrets’><b>6.4 kya<b>: 1st Goldsmithing, Varna – Hungary</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_extinct_animals_of_North_America’><b>6.2

kya<b>: Wooly Mammoth goes extinct in most of Americas</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>6.2 kya<b>: Sahara begins

modern desertification</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html’><b>6.2 kya<b>:

Earliest development of calendar – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/timeline2.htm’><b>6.2 kya<b>: 1st Mining and

Smelting od Copper – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://timelinesdb.com/listevents.php?subjid=789&title=Agriculture’><b>6.1

kys<b>: Agriculture imported to UK</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Papua_New_Guinea’><b>6.0

kya<b>: Neolithic gardening – Papua New Guinea</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab13′><b>6

.0 kya<b>: Semitic Root Language – Saudi Arabia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-

Tibetan_languages#Development_of_dialects_and_languages’><b>6.0 kya<b>: Latest

Spoken Sino-Tibetan Root language</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>6.0

kya<b>: Largest City, pop’n 4,000-5,000 – Uruk, Iraq, Eridu, Iraq, or Tell Brak,

Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://quatr.us/africa/history/meroe.htm’><b>6.0 kya<b>: Nubian kingdom,

Kush – Sudan</a><br>

<a href=”http://quatr.us/food/millet.htm’><b>6.0 kya<b>: Millet Cultivated –

Sudan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>6.0 kya<b>: Pepper

cultivated – Andes</a><br>

<a href=”http://quatr.us/economy/donkeys.htm’><b>6.0 kya<b>: Donkey

domesticated – Sudan</a><br>

<a href=”http://quatr.us/food/palmoil.htm’><b>6.0 kya<b>: Palm Tree Cultivated for

Oil – W. Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

6.0 kya<b>: Rice cultivated – Thailand</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

6.0 kya<b>: 1st use of light wooden plows -Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>6.0

kya<b>: Grapes cultivated, 1st cultivated fruit – Afghanistan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>6.0 kya<b>: Donkeys in

Use – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>6.0 kya<b>: Corn

cultivated from Teosinte – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.deseretnews.com/article/865560110/A-brief-history-of-numbers-

and-counting-Part-1-Mathematics-advanced-with-civilization.html’><b>6.0 kya<b>: Clay

token counting, Sumeria – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://nrich.maths.org/6070′><b>6.0 kya<b>: 1st Oil lamps</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.tilemastercanada.com/about-tile-history.php’><b>6.0 kya<b>: 1st

Decorative Tile – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Armenia#Prehistory’><b>6.0

kya<b>: Early Wine making – Armenia</a><br>

<a href=”https://milk.procon.org/view.timeline.php?timelineID=000018′><b>6.0

kya<b>: Earliest Dairying from cows – UK & Northern Europe</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab63′><b>6

.0 kya<b>: Oxen used to pull sledges</a><br>

<a

href=”http://faculty.washington.edu/qtaylor/a_us_history/0000_1600_timeline.htm’><b

>6 kya<b>: First permanent settlements on Pacific Coast</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Native_Americans_in_the_United_States’&gt;

<b>6 kya<b>: Oldest archaic settlement located, Watson Brake – LA</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.akhistorycourse.org/articles/article.php?artID=148′><b>6

kya<b>: Latest Eskimo Migration</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_alphabet’><b>6 kya<b>:

Hieroglyphics – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_alphabet’><b>6 kya<b>:

Cuneiform – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing_ancient_numbers’><b>6

kya<b>: 1st group clay tokens for counting larger numbers – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing_ancient_numbers’><b>6

kya<b>: 1st clay vessels for collecion of tokens</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing_ancient_numbers’><b>6

kya<b>: 1st clay tablets for notation of tokens, round stylus</a><br>

<a href=”http://koreanhistory.info/PaleolithicandNeolithicKorea.htm’><b>6 kya<b>:

Neolithic culture replaces Paleo-Asiatic – Korea</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.facebook.com/groups/nonexistingdinosaur/’><b>6 kya<b>:

Yamna Culture – Ukraine</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>6 kya<b>: 1st Picto-Linguistic Writing –

Tartaria</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>6 kya<b>: Picto Graphic Proto-

Cuneiform – Sumeria</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.finaly.org/index.php/Reckoning_before_writing’><b>6 kya<b>: Peak

of clay token use for accounting</a><br>

<a href=”Mobile Wave – Michael Saylor’><b>6 kya<b>: 1st City, population 50,000 –

Uruk, Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”Money, an unauthorized biography – Felix Martin’><b>6 kya<b>: 1st writing,

Cuneiform – Uruk, Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.stumbleupon.com/su/1FUdSS’><b>6 kya<b>: Hattian Culture –

Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://mail.google.com/mail/u/0/#inbox/14eb0c083de9fbd5′><b>6 kya<b>:

Beginning of Sumeria – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.stepheneinhorn.co.uk/thames_wood_history.asp’><b>6 kya<b>:

1st farming economy in England – UK</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>6 kya<b>:

Earliest possible Domestication of Horse – Central Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>6 kya<b>:

Earliest possible Domestication of Chicken – South Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.ancient.eu/timeline/Agriculture/’><b>6 kya<b>: Wool

textiles</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.llamapaedia.com/origin/domestic.html’><b>6 kya<b>: Llama

domesticated – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”http://archaeology.about.com/od/domestications/qt/Llama-And-

Alpaca.htm’><b>6 kya<b>: Alpaca domesticated – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>6 kya<b>: 1st Agricultural

communities immigrate to Scandinavia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.nationalalmondday.com/history-of-almonds.html’><b>6 kya<b>:

Almonds cultivated – Asia</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>6

kya<b>: 1st Cannabis Pipe – Central Asia</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onion’><b>6 kya<b>: Onions cultivated –

Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>6

kya<b>: Horse Domesticated – Ukraine</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donkey#History’><b>6 kya<b>: Donkey

domesticated – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>6

kya<b>: 1st use of a bit for horses</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab57′><b>6

kya<b>: Oxen domesticated – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/past-exhibitions/horse/domesticating-

horses/domestication-timeline’><b>6 kya<b>: Indian Cattle domesticated –

India</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>6

kya<b>: Corn Cultivated – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>6 kya<b>: Ard: scratch plow –

Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>6

kya<b>: 1st stone temples – Malta</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>6

kya<b>: 1st Steering Oar – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil_lamp#History’><b>6 kya<b>: 1st red pottery

oil lamps</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ambidextrousmag.org/issues/05/pdf/i5p45_46.pdf’><b>6 kya<b>:

1st Glues used to repair pottery</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>6

kya<b>: 1st Canals – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.irrigationmuseum.org/exhibit2.aspx’><b>6 kya<b>: 1st Flood

Gauge – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://education.jlab.org/itselemental/ele050.html’><b>6 kya<b>: Tin in

use</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>6

kya<b>: 1st potter’s wheel – Mesopotamia</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.copper.org/education/history/60centuries/ancient/thesumerians.html’&gt;

<b>6 kya<b>: Copper in use – Sumeria</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>6 kya<b>: Bronze – Thailand</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.sewerhistory.org/grfx/components/pipe-cly1.htm’><b>6 kya<b>:

1st clay pipe, Babylon – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.sewerhistory.org/grfx/components/pipe-cly1.htm’><b>6 kya<b>:

1st T and elbow joint pipes – Babylon</a><br>

<a href=”https://gizmodo.com/when-did-humans-start-wearing-clothes-

1299154403′><b>6 kya<b>: 1st Silk – China</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_transportation_technology#Antiquity’><b

>6 kya<b>: 1st River Boats – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sweet_Track’><b>6 kya<b>: 1st roads – France,

UK</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_transportation_technology#Antiquity’><b

>6 kya<b>: Wheeled Carts – Mesopotamia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www2.apwa.net/documents/ResourceCenter/Rights-of-

Way_Mgt.pdf’><b>6 kya<b>: Oldest Right of Way, Royal Road – Assyria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/505109/roads-and-

highways/71881/History’><b>6 kya<b>: 1st stone paved streets – Urek</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flip-flops’><b>6 kya<b>: Flip-Flop Sandals –

Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-35358487′><b>6 kya<b>: Selling soul to Devil

story</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>5.9 kya<b>: Dessication of the Sahara Desert – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>0<b&gt;: 5.9

kiloyear event, Sahara becomes desert</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>0<b&gt;:

Population of Nuile valley swells with Sahara desertification</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>0<b>: End of Ubaid culture – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/ch01.htm’><b>5.8 kya<b>: Sumerians overthrow

Ubaidians – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabs#History’><b>5.8 kya<b>: Proto-Semitic

language – Syria</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>5.8

kya<b>: Largest City, pop’n 10,000 – Dobrovody, Ukraine</a><br>

<a href=”http://timelinesdb.com/listevents.php?subjid=789&title=Agriculture’><b>5.8

kya<b>: Supe People, Maritime farming community – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>5.7 kya<b>:

1st mass graves – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>5.7 kya<b>:

Minoan culture begins – Crete</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>5.7

kya<b>: Largest City, pop’n 6,000-10,000 – Eridu, Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>5.6

kya<b>: Black Sea floods</a><br>

<a href=”http://timelinesdb.com/listevents.php?subjid=789&title=Agriculture’><b>5.6

kya<b>: Supe People disappear after flooding – Peru</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>5.6

kya<b>: Largest City, pop’n 10,000 – Maydanets, Ukraine</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>5.6 kya<b>: Cotton

cultivated – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”http://timelinesdb.com/listevents.php?subjid=789&title=Agriculture’><b>5.6

kya<b>: Earliest evidence of Farming – Korea</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>5.6 kya<b>: 1st Copper/Tin Alloy,

Bronze – Iran</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>5.6

kya<b>: 1st Silk Clothes – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>5.6 kya<b>: People flee Sahara

Desert to Ethiopia and Kenya, bringing Agriculture and Irrigation</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_South_America#Prehistory’><b>5.6

kya<b>: Oldest settlement in Americas, Valdivia – Ecuador</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norte_Chico_civilization’><b>5.6 kya<b>: Norte

Chico Civilization – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_South_America#Prehistory’><b>5.6

kya<b>: Lllamas & Alpacas Domesticated – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_South_America#Prehistory’><b>5.6

kya<b>: Guinea Pig Domesticated – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Ancient_authority’><b>5.6

kya<b>: Switch from Hunter Gatherer to Agricultural – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>5.6

kya<b>: Beginning of Mesopotamia Civilization – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ebla’><b>5.6 kya<b>: Ebla founded –

Syria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>5.6 kya<b>: 1st powerful

chiefdom, Ta-Seti – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>5.6 kya<b>:

1st mummy – Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>5.6

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 8,000-20,000 – Iraq, Iran, Syria, Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prehistoric_warfare’><b>5.6 kya<b>: Hamoujar

Sacked – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>5.6 kya<b>: 1st food surplus &

specialization, Sumeria – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>5.6 kya<b>: Milking, Riding and

Eating Horses – Kazakhstan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>5.6

kya<b>: Pomegranate cultivated, 2nd cultvated fruit</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sesame#Origins’><b>5.6 kya<b>: Sesame Seed

cultivated – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>5.6 kya<b>: 1st

enclosed field system – Ireland</a><br>

<a href=”http://timelinesdb.com/listevents.php?subjid=789&title=Agriculture’><b>5.6

kya<b>: Millet farmers begin to settle Tibetan plateau</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

5.6 kya<b>: Call irrigation system in use -Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.deamuseum.org/ccp/opium/history.html’><b>5.6 kya<b>: Poppy

flowers/Seeds – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://bettersleep.org/sleep-extras/history-of-the-mattress/’><b>5.6 kya<b>:

1st Raised Beds as luxury – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chariot#Eastern_Europe’><b>5.6 kya<b>: 1st

depiction of a wheeled vehicle – Poland</a><br>

<a href=”http://history-of-heels.weebly.com/origins-of-high-heels.html’><b>5.6

kya<b>: High Heels worn by nobility – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Armenia#Prehistory’><b>5.6

kya<b>: Early Shoe – Armenia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%96tzi’><b>5.3 kya<b>: Otzi lives, is killed

and mummified – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>5.3 kya<b>:

Bronze Age begins – Turkey</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>5.3

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 40,000 – Uruk, Iraq or Abydos, Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.montaguemillennium.com/familyresearch/history.htm’><b>5.2

kya<b>: Gilgamesh recounts story of these floods, possibly Noah</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_civilization#History’><b>5.2 kya<b>: Maya

Culture Begins – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>5.2 kya<b>:

Norta Chico Culture – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Ancient_authority’><b>5.2

kya<b>: Mnemonic symbols for the counting of agricultural goods – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Ancient_authority’><b>5.2

kya<b>: 1st records of trades for payment – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>5.2 kya<b>:

Cuneiform writing, Sumeria – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>5.2 kya<b>:

Cycladic culture – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>5.2 kya<b>:

Proto-Eleamite culture – Iran</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>5.2

kya<b>: Largest City, pop’n 20,000 – Abydos, Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/mesopotamianhistory/index.html’><b>5.2

kya<b>: Late Uruk period begins, Ur – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://boingboing.net/2018/03/05/these-are-the-worlds-oldest.html’><b>5.2

kya<b>: Oldest known tattoo – Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>5.2

kya<b>: 1st Sailing – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>5.1 kya<b>: Evidence of trade

between Syria and Pakistan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>5.1

kya<b>: Unification of Lower and Upper Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>5.1 kya<b>:

First Royal Dynasty of Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_construction#Neolithic_construction’><b&gt;

5.1 kya<b>: End of Copper Age, beginning of Bronze Age</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>5.1

kya<b>: Largest City, pop’n 20,000 – Memphis, Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://milk.procon.org/view.timeline.php?timelineID=000018′><b>5.1

kya<b>: Dairy Cows for Milk – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>5.0 kya<b>: Interbreeding melds

agricultural with hunter-gatherer genome – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>5.0 kya<b>:

Desert Culture – SW</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>5.0 kya<b>:

Agrarian Society in Mexico & Peru</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>5.0

kya<b>: Potatoes cultivated – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>5.0 kya<b>: Priesthood begins as

profession, Sumeria – Iraq</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Holocene_migrations’><b

>5.0 kya<b>: Early Upper Nile Pastoralist, neighboring Sudan agricultural</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>5.0 kya<b>:

Khoisan, Bantu, Berbers, Nubia, & Ethiopian Cultures in Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>5.0 kya<b>:

Bell-Beaker, Globular Amphora, Comb Ceramic Cultures in Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>5.0 kya<b>:

Yanma, Indo-European, Uralo-Altic, Tungusic, Indus, Jomon, Longshan & Austronesian

Cultures in Asia</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab13′><b>5

.0 kya<b>: Root language of Indo-European – Ukraine</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_West_Africa#Prehistory’><b>5.0

kya<b>: Copper Smelting – Niger</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>5.0 kya<b>:

Semitic Culture in Arabic Peninsula</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Ethiopia#Timeline’><b>5.0 kya<b>:

Myrrh in Egypt evidence of commenrce between Eygpt and Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>5.0 kya<b>:

Australians in Australia</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>5.0 kya<b>:

Minoan, Egyptian, & Sumerian only states in existence</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>5.0 kya<b>:

Egyptian Calendar</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Earliest_forms_of_banking’><b

>5.0 kya<b>: Rise of Bankng as an activity</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html’><b>5.0 kya<b>:

Hieroglyohic Numerals – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://quatr.us/africa/history/meroe.htm’><b>5.0 kya<b>: Nile trade corridor

– Egypt-Kush</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>5.0 kya<b>:

Most world cultures still hunter-gatherer</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>5.0 kya<b>:

Stonehenge built, first version</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>5.0 kya<b>:

Cucuteni-Trypillian culture – Romania</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>5.0 kya<b>:

Jiroft civilization – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.britannica.com/place/Korea’><b>5.0 kya<b>: Neolithic period

begins – Korea</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>5.0

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 30k – 45k – Uruk, Iraq and Memphis, Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.deseretnews.com/article/865560110/A-brief-history-of-numbers-

and-counting-Part-1-Mathematics-advanced-with-civilization.html’><b>5.0 kya<b>: 1st

measure of length, Cubit – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.history.com/news/six-things-you-should-know-about-

tokyo’><b>5.0 kya<b>: Edo settled as a fishing village – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indepthinfo.com/ginger/history.shtml’><b>5.0 kya<b>: Ginger

cultivated – Vietnam</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.tytyga.com/History-of-the-Apricot-Tree-a/378.htm’><b>5.0

kya<b>: Apricot cultivated – Russia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>5.0

kya<b>: Flax cultivated  – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>5.0 kya<b>: Cotton

cultivated – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>5.0

kya<b>: Yeast Leavening of bread – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.ancient.eu/timeline/Agriculture/’><b>5.0 kya<b>: Potatoes

Cultivated – Andes</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>5.0

kya<b>: Sorghum cultivated – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>5.0

kya<b>: Soy, Rice, Wheat, Barley & Millet all crops – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>5.0 kya<b>: Camels

domesticated</a><br>

<a

href=”http://robinsonlibrary.com/agriculture/agriculture/history/timeline.htm’><b>5.0

kya<b>: Water Buffalo domesticated</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>5.0

kya<b>: Pasta – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.livescience.com/6794-donkey-wild-ass-ancestor-

confirmed.html’><b>5.0 kya<b>: Donkey domesticated – Somalia</a><br>

<a href=”https://milk.procon.org/view.timeline.php?timelineID=000018′><b>5.0

kya<b>: Dairy Cows for Milk, Sumeria – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>5.0 kya<b>: Plows

first depicted – Uruk, Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.123canvas.com/canvas-history.html’><b>5.0 kya<b>: Canvas

Cloth from Hemp – China</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.slate.com/articles/life/design/2012/06/button_history_a_visual_tour_o

f_button_design_through_the_ages_.html’><b>5.0 kya<b>: 1st Button –

India</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/the-history-of-chopsticks-

64935342/’><b>5.0 kya<b>: Chopsticks – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.csmonitor.com/2004/0518/p18s02-hfks.html’><b>5.0 kya<b>:

1st brick floors – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Door’><b>5.0 kya<b>: 1st Door</a><br>

<a href=”t’><b>5.0 kya<b>: Copper Smelting – North Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>5.0 kya<b>: Bronze –

Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>5.0 kya<b>:

Papyrus as paper – Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>5.0

kya<b>: Comb for Hair – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”http://nrich.maths.org/6070′><b>5.0 kya<b>: 366 day year –

China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/String_instrument#Earliest_string_instruments’><b&gt;

5.0 kya<b>: Earliest depiction of a Lute – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://archaeology.about.com/od/cterms/a/Cotton.htm’><b>5 kya<b>: New

World Cotton cultivated – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.stumbleupon.com/su/1FUdSS’><b>5 kya<b>: Dilmun Culture –

Saudi Arabia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.stumbleupon.com/su/1FUdSS’><b>5 kya<b>: Harrapan Culture –

India</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab34′><b>5

kya<b>: Egyptian counting system</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab13′><b>5

kya<b>: Semitic Group root language – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing’><b>5 kya<b>: Indus script,

Harrapan empire – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing#Inventions_of_writing’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st written language – Mesopotamia</a><br>

<a

href=”http://trailers.hazecash.com/collegerules/cr11013/public/trailerx/tube_cr11013_80

0.mp4′><b>5 kya<b>: Great Pyramid at Giza, tallest structure for 3,800 years,

Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://phenomena.nationalgeographic.com/2015/08/19/whos-the-first-person-

in-history-whose-name-we-know/’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st surviving name, Kushim –

Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_coal_mining#Early_history’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st Coal Mining – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.irrigationmuseum.org/exhibit2.aspx’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st major

Irrigation project, Moeris lake – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mortise_and_tenon#History’><b>5 kya<b>:

Stonehenge – UK</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>5 kya<b>: Persian Gulf major

artery of trade</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.toxipedia.org/display/toxipedia/History+of+Lead+Use’><b>5

kya<b>: Lead production begins – Spain</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.silverinstitute.org/site/silver-essentials/silver-in-history/’><b>5

kya<b>: Silver Mining begins – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.fxcm.com/insights/the-history-of-currency/’><b>5 kya<b>:

Standard weights and measures for Gold ingots – Egypt & Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>5 kya<b>: Chinese

Ideograms</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st system of

writing – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing’><b>5 kya<b>: Egyptian

system of writing – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing’><b>5 kya<b>: Indus system

of writing – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing_ancient_numbers’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st abstract numerals, round stylus</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing_ancient_numbers’><b>5

kya<b>: Dozen different counting systems for different items – Uruk</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing_ancient_numbers’><b>5

kya<b>: Arithmetic invented – Sumeria</a><br>

<a href=”Mobile Wave – Michael Saylor’><b>5 kya<b>: Per capita GDP = $500 2010

dollars</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.stumbleupon.com/su/1FUdSS’><b>5 kya<b>: Norte Chico Culture

– Peru</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>5

kya<b>: Wine-making Industry – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.stumbleupon.com/su/1FUdSS’><b>5 kya<b>: Haltam Culture –

Iran</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bronze’><b>5 kya<b>: Bronze Age begins –

Serbia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>5 kya<b>: Wars of Conquest,

Sumeria – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.china.org.cn/e-gudai/index-1.htm’><b>5 kya<b>: Consolidation of

the Chinese Empire – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.china.org.cn/e-gudai/index-1.htm’><b>5 kya<b>: Beginning of

patriarchal society – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://blog.longreads.com/2015/10/14/i-would-rather-be-herods-pig-the-

history-of-a-taboo/’><b>5 kya<b>: Egyptian Empire complete along 600 miles of

Nile</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>5

kya<b>: Rise of Egyptian Civilization</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/ch01.htm’><b>5 kya<b>: Sumerian Society

specialized, unequal – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/ch01.htm’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st Ruling Class,

Sumeria – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st Above Ground Ovens – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://homecooking.about.com/od/foodhistory/a/basilhistory.htm’><b>5

kya<b>: Basil cultivated – Asia</a><br>

<a href=”http://blog.longreads.com/2015/10/14/i-would-rather-be-herods-pig-the-

history-of-a-taboo/’><b>5 kya<b>: Pork accounts for 20% of diet – Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_alcoholic_beverages#Archaeological_recor

d’><b>5 kya<b>: Beer major beverage – Babylon</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Jtpf8N5IDE’><b>5 kya<b>: Orange

Cultivated – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://theconversation.com/prehistoric-wine-discovered-in-inaccessible-caves-

forces-a-rethink-of-ancient-sicilian-culture-89116′><b>5 kya<b>: Wine in use.-

Sicily</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asparagus#Biology’><b>5 kya<b>: Asparagus

cultivated – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://localhistories.org/transport.html’><b>5 kya<b>: Camels

domesticated</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carrot#History’><b>5 kya<b>: Carrots cultivated

– Iran</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.pbs.org/food/the-history-kitchen/history-beets/’><b>5 kya<b>:

Beets cultvated, for leaves – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lettuce#History’><b>5 kya<b>: Lettuce

cultivated – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.cambridge.org/us/books/kiple/cucumbers.htm’><b>5 kya<b>:

Melons & Cucumbers cultivated – Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

5 kya<b>: Sugar cane cultivated – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.thespruceeats.com/the-history-of-dill-1807592′><b>5 kya<b>:

Dill cultivated – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/retropolis/wp/2017/09/29/the-

greatest-drug-fiends-in-the-world-an-american-opioid-crisis-in-

1908/?utm_term=.2cadc60974a9′><b>5 kya<b>: Opium Poppy – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.teavana.com/tea-info/history-of-tea’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st Tea,

Shen N. – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.roofrocket.com/roofing_blog/roofs/history-of-roofs/’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st Glazed Tile Roof – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://localhistories.org/transport.html’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st Sailboats –

Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shirt#History’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st Shirt –

Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”Mobile Wave – Michael Saylor’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st schools – Sumer</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st Poles for boats – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st use of Rowing for boats – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st Stone Furniture – Orkney</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st Copper Woodworking tools – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing_ancient_numbers’><b>5

kya<b>: Reed Stylus for notation replacing round stylus</a><br>

<a href=”http://unlock.schlage.com/blog/d35cd546-cee4-4257-aed3-5e9ef69fcd3d/did-

you-know-door-knobs-through-history’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st door handles and knobs –

Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.spinfold.com/evolution-of-flush-toilet/’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st toilets –

India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/String_instrument#History’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st

stringed instrument – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chair#History_of_the_chair’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st

Chairs – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fork#History’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st Forks –

Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st dug Well – Near East</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st sewers – Orkney</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st sewer network – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2013/03/the-history-of-

soap/’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st Soap – Sumeria</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st megalithic tombs – Ireland</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st Stone Houses – Scotland</a><br>

<a href=”Consider the Fork – Bee Wilson’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st metal knives,

Bronze</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_glass’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st glass –

Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Table_%28furniture%29′><b>5 kya<b>: 1st

tables – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st water hoist, Shaduf – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.antiquetools.co.uk/articles/bob.htm’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st plumb

bobs – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_timekeeping_devices’><b>5 kya<b>:

1st shadow clocks -Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nail_%28fastener%29#Forged_nails’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st forged nails – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/the-history-of-chopsticks-

64935342/?no-ist’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st Chopsticks – China</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st Side Rudder – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st Median Rudder – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nail_%28fastener%29#History’><b>5 kya<b>:

1st nails, Bronze – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”Flushed – W. Hodding Carter’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st municipal plumbing system,

Harrapan Culture – Indus Valley</a><br>

<a href=”Flushed – W. Hodding Carter’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st municipal sewer system,

Mohenjodaro, Harrapan – Indus Valley</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st toothpaste –

Finland</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>5

kya<b>: 1st Caravan routes – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corv%C3%A9e’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st Corvee –

Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/plaintexthistories.asp?historyid=ab79′><b>5

kya<b>: 1st known Wagon – Europe</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_transportation_technology#Antiquity’><b

>5 kya<b>: Horses Tamed for Transportation – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.triplenine.org/articles/roadbuilding.asp’><b>5 kya<b>: 1st paved

road, stone construction – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-35358487′><b>5 kya<b>: Jack & the

Beanstalk, protean version</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>4.9 kya<b>:

Corded-ware Culture – Germany</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>4.9 kya<b>:

Mari founded – Iraq</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>4.8

kya <b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 80k – Uruk, Iraq and Memphis, Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html’><b>4.8 kya <b>:

Latest development of calendar – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>4.8 kya <b>:

Kot-Diji civilization – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>4.8 kya <b>: 3

Sovereigns, 5 emperors period – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Algonquian_languages’><b>4.7 kya<b>: Proto-

Algonkian language groups</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/prehistoric/’><b>4.7 kya<b>: Large

Cedar Forests  – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/prehistoric/’><b>4.7 kya<b>: 1st

laws proetecting forests from clearing – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>4.7 kya<b>: 1st Phonological

writing, Sumeria – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>4.7 kya<b>: Minoan Civilization

Begins, rule by Wealth, pop’n 80,000</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>4.7 kya<b>: Gilgamesh – Babylon</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>4.7 kya<b>:

Elam civilization – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>4.7 kya<b>:

Old Kingdom – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.ancient.eu/timeline/Agriculture/’><b>4.7 kya<b>: Corn

Cultivated – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>4.7

kya<b>: Tea – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/prehistoric/’><b>4.7 kya<b>: Epic of

Gilgamesh – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caral’><b>4.6 kya<b>: Caral Supe City –

Peru</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>4.6 kya<b>:

Mayan civilization – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://blog.longreads.com/2015/10/14/i-would-rather-be-herods-pig-the-

history-of-a-taboo/’><b>4.6 kya<b>: Great Pyramid of Giza – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/prehistoric/’><b>4.6 kya<b>:

Commercial timbering for export – Jordan</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>4.6 kya<b>:

City of Memphis founded – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>4.6 kya<b>: Long

Distance Trade – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>4.6 kya<b>:

Oldest surviving literature, Sumeria – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mehrgarh’><b>4.6 kya<b>: abandonment of

Mergarh culture – Pakistan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>4.6 kya<b>: 1st City-State in

India, Mohenjo-Daro</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>4.6 kya<b>:

Egypt expands into Sinai Peninsula</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>4.6 kya<b>: Imhotep – Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/mesopotamianhistory/index.html’><b>4.6

kya<b>: Wars between Coty States begin, Ur – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>4.6 kya<b>: 1st use of Oxen to

pull plows for deeper furrows – Iraq</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

4.6 kya<b>: Large scale timbering of Cedars for export – Lebanon</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lettuce#History’><b>4.6 kya<b>: Lettuce

cultivated – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>4.6 kya<b>:

Harrapan Civilization – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arrow’><b>4.5 kya<b>: Arctic Small Tool

tradition, use of Bows and Arrows</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Ancient_authority’><b>4.5

kya<b>: Switch from Hunter Gatherer to Agricultural -Eastern US</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>4.5 kya<b>: Elites afford imports:

pottery, copper and jewelry; poor still use stone tools – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>4.5 kya<b>:

Dravidian Culture – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Sphinx_of_Giza’><b>4.5 kya<b>: Sphinx

– Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>4.5

kya<b>: Harrapan Civilization – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>4.5 kya<b>: Immigration of

Russian Agricultural people into Northern Europe</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>4.5

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 60k – Lagash, Iraq and Memphis, Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1100bce.htm’><b>4.5 kya<b>:

Foundation of Assur – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/religion-sumer.htm’><b>4.5 kya<b>: Sumerian

monotheism, Enil – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/ch03.htm’><b>4.5 kya<b>: Sumerian family

Gods – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/prehistoric/’><b>4.5 kya<b>: 1st war

over water – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Land_of_Punt’><b>4.5 kya<b>: Punt Civilization

– Somalia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>4.5

kya<b>: Assyrian Empire – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>4.5

kya<b>: Kerma Empire – Sudan</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>4.5 kya<b>:

Cyclades Culture – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>4.5 kya<b>:

Amorite Culture – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>4.5 kya<b>: Sargon the Great

conquers from Syria to Iran, Sumerian empire</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>4.5

kya<b>: Akkadiam Empire – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/3000bce.htm’><b>4.5 kya<b>: 1st

Farmer’s Almanac,Sumeria – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://blogs.loc.gov/inside_adams/2010/11/a-sweet-potato-history/’><b>4.5

kya<b>: Sweet Potato cultivated – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”http://blog.longreads.com/2015/10/14/i-would-rather-be-herods-pig-the-

history-of-a-taboo/’><b>4.5 kya<b>: Pork accounts for only 5% of diet –

Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>4.5 kya<b>: Animal-

drawn ploughing – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>4.5 kya<b>: Farming introduced

to Indonesia and Philippines</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

4.5 kya<b>: Turmeric, cardamom, pepper and mustard culitvated – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.roofrocket.com/roofing_blog/roofs/history-of-roofs/’><b>4.5

kya<b>: 1st Earthenwire tiles for roofs – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.achrnews.com/articles/87035-an-early-history-of-comfort-

heating’><b>4.5 kya<b>: 1st Fixed Central Hearths – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.wagner-werkzeug.de/fileadmin/pdf/Geschichte-Schraube-

ENG.pdf’><b>4.5 kya<b>: 1st use of Screws in Jewelry or seige weapons</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.123canvas.com/canvas-history.html’><b>4.5 kya<b>: Cotton

fabrics – India</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>4.5

kya<b>: 1st Docks for ships – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chariot#Eastern_Europe’><b>4.5 kya<b>: 1st

picture of a War-wagon, Ur – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_weapons#Pre-

history_and_the_ancient_world’><b>4.5 kya<b>: Horse riding</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>4.5 kya<b>: 1st clay tablet on virtue, Abu Salbikh – Iraq</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>4.4

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 40k-50k – Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Pakistan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html’><b>4.4 kya<b>:

Positional Notation of numbers, Mesopotamia – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>4.4 kya<b>:

Elam civilization – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>4.4 kya<b>:

Cannabis already in use for Rope and Drug – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.honeyassociation.com/index.asp?pid=9′><b>4.4 kya<b>: Bee

hives – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.nyfoodmuseum.org/_ptime.htm’><b>4.4 kya<b>: Pickled

Cucumbers, Mesopotamia – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20150818-chimps-living-in-the-stone-

age’><b>4.3 kya<b>: Chimpanzees already using stone tools</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>4.3 kya<b>: Indo-Europeans

invade Southern Greece, install Mycenae aristocracy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>4.3 kya<b>: Mycenae Greeks and

Minoans trade across Aegean sea</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unetice_culture’><b>4.3 kya<b>: Unetice

Culture – Czech Republic</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>4.3 kya<b>:

Port of Safaga founded – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>4.3 kya<b>: Stonehenge erected

– UK</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>4.3

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 50k-80k – Iraq, Egypt, Syria</a><br>

<a

href=”http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/mesopotamianhistory/index.html’><b>4.3

kya<b>: Foundation of Sumerian Empire, Akkadian Dynasty, Sargon I, Ur –

Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>4.3 kya<b>: Seed

plows – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massage#History’><b>4.3 kya<b>: Massage

Therapy – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>4.2 kya<b>:

Stonehenge complete – UK</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>4.2

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 50k – Girsu, Iraq or Akkad, Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>4.2 kya<b>: Troy II is destroyed

by fire – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>4.2 kya<b>:

Akkad Empire – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>4.2 kya<b>:

Ún?tice Culture – Central Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.world-of-crepes.com/facts-about-oranges.html’><b>4.2 kya<b>:

Oranges – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>4.1

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 100k – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>4.1 kya<b>:

Split between lower and upper Nile – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>4.1 kya<b>:

Guti Civilization – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>4.1

kya<b>: Xia Dynasty, Yu – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc1.htm’><b>4.1 kya<b>: Drought causes 2

centuries of political upheaval – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/prehistoric/’><b>4.1 kya<b>: Salt

buildup devastates  agricultural land cleared from forest 600 years ago  – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_South_America#Prehistory’><b>4.0

kya<b>: Established agrarian villages along Andes Mountains – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>4.0 kya<b>:

Abraham (father of Abrahamaic religions), Mesopotamia – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.vedicsciences.net/articles/history-of-numbers.html’><b>4.0

kya<b>: Accounting using tokens – Sumeria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking’><b>4.0 kya<b>: 1st banks,

for Grain merchants – Syria</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab13′><b>4

.0 kya<b>: Emigration of Indo-European language through Europe</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>4.0

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 40-65k – Iraq and Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/3000bce.htm’><b>4.0 kya<b>: 1st

musical notation, Clay tablet, Diatonic Scale – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/3000bce.htm’><b>4.0 kya<b>: 1st

literature index – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.pressreader.com/nigeria/sunday-

trust/20161106/282604557410666′><b>4.0 kya<b>: 1st criticism of decline of formal

writing rules, Sumeria – Iraq</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Earliest_forms_of_banking’><b

>4.0 kya<b>: Gold depositis require payments up to 1/60th to store in a bank or temple

– Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>4.0 kya<b>: Ur

empire – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Ethiopia#Timeline’><b>4.0 kya<b>:

D’Mt kingdom begins – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>4.0 kya<b>:

Araeman, Hittite, Hurrian, Kassite Cultures in Mideast</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>4.0 kya<b>:

Minoans conquesr Cyclades – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_South_America#Prehistory’><b>4.0

kya<b>: Manioc Cultivated – S. America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>4.0 kya<b>:

Horse domesticated</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Watermelon#History’><b>4.0 kya<b>:

Watermelon cultivated – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.vegparadise.com/highestperch4.html’><b>4.0 kya<b>: Turnip

cultivated</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>4.0 kya<b>: Cumin Cultivated – India</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>4.0 kya<b>: Cucumber  cultivated</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.recipes4us.co.uk/Specials%20and%20Holidays/Lemons%20Origin%20

History%20Recipes.htm’><b>4.0 kya<b>: Lemons cultivated – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>4.0

kya<b>: Olives, Peaches, Apricots all crops – Eastern Mediterranean</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leek#Historical_consumption’><b>4.0 kya<b>:

Leeks cultivated – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://milk.procon.org/view.timeline.php?timelineID=000018′><b>4.0

kya<b>: Domesticated Dairy Cows for Milk – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.webexhibits.org/butter/history-intro.html’><b>4.0 kya<b>: 1st

mention of butter – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.csmonitor.com/2004/0518/p18s02-hfks.html’><b>4.0 kya<b>:

Woven Rugs – Middle East</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>4.0

kya<b>: Musical notation – Sumer – Iraq</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>4.0

kya<b>: Chariot – Russia</a><br>

<a href=”http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bllock.htm’><b>4.0 kya<b>: 1st

Lock – Nineveh, Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://nrich.maths.org/6070′><b>4.0 kya<b>: 1st Calendar – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://nrich.maths.org/6070′><b>4.0 kya<b>: 1st Oil lamps for heating and

lighting – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-35358487′><b>4.0 kya<b>: Beauty &the

Beast,protean version</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.usgo.org/brief-history-go’><b>4.0 kya<b>: Earliest versions of

GO – China</a><br>

<a

href=”http://books.google.com/books?id=sW83VjYizp8C&pg=PA30&lpg=PA30&dq=Malba

nchia+founded&source=bl&ots=xVQ21unRAd&sig=Bn2f6Gszq9AhLqR8Cpq1ySvR7pE&hl=

en&sa=X&ei=0K2FU5nDHNLooATahIHQDg&ved=0CEoQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=Malbanc

hia%20founded&f=false’><b>4 kya<b>: Mississippi River takes its present

course</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>4 kya<b>: Mixtec Culture – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>4 kya<b>:

Beginnings of organized mesoAmerican religion, precursor to Aztec</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maize’><b>4 kya<b>: Corn cultivated –

Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ushistory.org/civ/11.asp’><b>4 kya<b>: Beans and squash

cultivated – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>4

kya<b>: 1st Chocolate manufacture – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.atlasobscura.com/places/oyu-stone-circles’><b>4 kya<b>: Oyu

Stone Circles – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bantu_peoples’><b>4 kya<b>: Proto-Bantu

People – Nigeria</a><br>

<a href=”https://glossographia.wordpress.com/2013/08/19/new-evidence-for-

madagascar-settlement-history/’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st inhabitants of

Madagascar</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>4

kya<b>: 1st use of towing by boats – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.stepheneinhorn.co.uk/thames_wood_history.asp’><b>4 kya<b>:

England dominated by Warrior Chieftains</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st author,

Ptah-hotep – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/religion-sumer.htm’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st code of

laws, Ur-Namu – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/religion-sumer.htm’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st Fines by

government, Ur-Nammu – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing’><b>4 kya<b>: 2nd author,

Enheduanna – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st alphabetic

writing system, Ge’ez – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing_ancient_numbers’><b>4

kya<b>: 2-character numeric notation system, base 60 – Sumeria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing_ancient_numbers’><b>4

kya<b>: Sexagesimal, base 60 counting now used for seconds and minute in hour, angles

– Sumeria</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trigonometry#History’><b>4 kya<b>: 360

degree division of angular measure -Sumeria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing_ancient_numbers’><b>4

kya<b>: 2-character numeric notation of fractions – Babylonia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.china.org.cn/e-gudai/index-1.htm’><b>4 kya<b>: Beginning of

Slavery, Xia Dynasty – China</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>4

kya<b>: 1st Formal Gardens – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>4

kya<b>: 1st Temple Grave – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st Astronomic observation –

Mesopotamia</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>4 kya<b>: Spherical Geometry –

Babylon</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st Phonetic Spelling –

Phoenicians</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.waterencyclopedia.com/Mi-Oc/Navigation-at-Sea-History-

of.html’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st Star navigation</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.unz.com/gnxp/there-were-giants-in-the-earth-in-those-

days/’><b>4 kya<b>: Indo-European root language – Ukraine</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Code_of_Ur-Nammu’><b>4 kya<b>: Oldest

surviving Laws : Code of Ur-Nammu – Ur</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.irrigationmuseum.org/exhibit2.aspx’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st Water Use

Regulations – Babylon</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>4

kya<b>: Writing developed – China</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>4

kya<b>: Alphabet developed – Lebanon</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.stumbleupon.com/su/1FUdSS’><b>4 kya<b>: Hurrian Culture –

Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>4 kya<b>: Rice Agriculture

introduced to Indonesia </a><br>

<a href=”http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/apples-of-eden-saving-the-wild-

ancestor-of-modern-apples/’><b>4 kya<b>: Apple cultivated – Kyrgyzstan</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>4

kya<b>: Peyote Cultivated – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.idfa.org/news-views/media-kits/cheese/history-of-cheese’><b>4

kya<b>: Cheese developed – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.myspicer.com/history-cardamom/’><b>4 kya<b>: Cardamom

cultivated – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lemon#History’><b>4 kya<b>: Lemons

Cultivated – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fishing_rod#History’><b>4 kya<b>: Fishing

Rods already in use in old and new world.</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/prehistoric/’><b>4 kya<b>: Lead

used as a pigment for paints – Crete</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>4 kya<b>: Copper tools now

common, Silver used for Money – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steel#Ancient_steel’><b>4 kya<b>: Earliest steel

discovered – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.hardwaresource.com/hinge-resource-center/hinge-historyhistorical-

development-advances-of-hinges/’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st Hinges recorded in construction –

Hattusa, Mideast</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>4

kya<b>: 1st terracotta pipes – Crete</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>4

kya<b>: 1st Icehouse Storage – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>4

kya<b>: 1st metal bit for horses – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”Economist, April 15, 2017′><b>4 kya<b>: 1st key, wood</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>4

kya<b>: 1st Horse Armor – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>4

kya<b>: 1st gutters in streets – Crete</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ambidextrousmag.org/issues/05/pdf/i5p45_46.pdf’><b>4 kya<b>:

1st Fish Glues</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>4

kya<b>: 1st Metal cooking vessels – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2441321/Monmouth-Worlds-oldest-

boatyard-discovered-area-earmarked-housing-estate.html’><b>4 kya<b>: Oldest

Boatyard – Wales</a><br>

<a href=”Consider the Fork – Bee Wilson’><b>4 kya<b>: Cauldrons used – China, Middle

East, Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st Maps, clay –

Babylon</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_clock’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st Water Clock –

India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.irrigationmuseum.org/exhibit2.aspx’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st Cement

Pipe</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scissors#History’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st Scissors –

Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.irrigationmuseum.org/exhibit2.aspx’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st Crane,

irrigation Shaduf – Babylon</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bridge#History’><b>4 kya<b>: Oldest extant

stone arch bridges – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st Road Network –

Babylon</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>4

kya<b>: 1st stone Bridge – Crete</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/plaintexthistories.asp?historyid=ab79′><b>4

kya<b>: 1st Chariot – Kazakhstan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.triplenine.org/articles/roadbuilding.asp’><b>4 kya<b>: 1st paved

transportation road, Kings Hwy, Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-britain-joke-life-

idUKL129052420080731′><b>3.9 kya<b>: World’s oldest joke, on farts –

Sumeria</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>3.9

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 40-100k – Ur, Iraq and Memphis, Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html’><b>3.9 kya<b>:

Arithmetic, Moscow Papyrus – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1700bce.htm’><b>3.9 kya<b>:

Amorite State Archives, Mari – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.9 kya<b>: Sumeria overrun by

Amorites, Sumerian language and religion endure</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.9 kya<b>: Egypt united again,

poor win some rights, but not many</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Hinduism’><b>3.9 kya<b>: Vedic

Religion, proto-Hinduism</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>3.9 kya<b>: Ghee – NE India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.8 kya<b>: 1st colonization of

Micronesia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>3.8

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 25-65k – Babylon, Iraq, Mari, Syria, and Thebes,

Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1700bce.htm’><b>3.8 kya<b>: Ice

Houses – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Complaint_tablet_to_Ea-nasir’><b>3.8 kya<b>:

Oldest complaint letter, in Cuneiform – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>3.8 kya<b>: Gold stored in temples, for security – Egpyt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vedic_Sanskrit’><b>3.8 kya<b>: Vedic Sanskrit

– Central Asia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html’><b>3.8 kya<b>:

Code of Hammurabi – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_alphabet’><b>3.8 kya<b>: 1st

Alphabet – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>3.8 kya<b>:

Larsa Civilization – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>3.8 kya<b>:

Sondiana, Bactria Cultures – Afghanistan</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab34′><b>3

.8 kya<b>: Babylonian numerals, base 60 – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.8 kya<b>: Height of Amorite

empire, Babylon, led by Hammurabi – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/ch03.htm’><b>3.8 kya<b>: Fall of Sumeria due

to Salinization</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.8 kya<b>: Shang Civilization

built along Yellow River – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.7 kya<b>: Corn cultivated in

Tucson basin – Arizona</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>3.7 kya<b>:

Poverty Point Culture – US</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.7 kya<b>: Indo-Europeans

have spread as far as Scandinavia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html’><b>3.7 kya<b>:

Earleist named Mathematician, Ahmes- Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nordic_Bronze_Age’><b>3.7 kya<b>: Nordic

Bronze Age begins, Sweden-Germany</a><br>

<a href=”https://stevenberlinjohnson.com/small-world-after-all-839e17047220′><b>3.7

kya<b>: Cloves from Indonesia used in Babylon – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Code_of_Hammurabi’><b>3.7 kya<b>: Code of

Hammurabi, 282 laws on 12 tablets – Babylon</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Ancient_authority’><b>3.7

kya<b>: 1st banking regulations in Code of Hammurabi</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Asia_Minor’><b>3.7

kya<b>: Loans transacted – India</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>3.7

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 60k – Babylon, Iraq and Avaris, Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1700bce.htm’><b>3.7 kya<b>: 1st

recipe tablets – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://milk.procon.org/view.timeline.php?timelineID=000018′><b>3.7

kya<b>: Rise of Vedic Civilization – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.7 kya<b>: Mohenjo-daro

civilization collapses after drought – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/prehistoric/’><b>3.7 kya<b>: Sumer

dams Tigris river during war with Babylong</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>3.7 kya<b>: Assyrians

evict Nubians from Egypt, using Iron weapons</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terramare_culture’><b>3.7 kya<b>: Rise of

Terremare Culture – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>3.7 kya<b>:

End of Harrapan Civilization – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.7 kya<b>: Yeast in

breadmaking</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indepthinfo.com/cloves/story.shtml’><b>3.7 kya<b>: Cloves

cultivated – Indonesia</a><br>

<a href=”https://milk.procon.org/view.timeline.php?timelineID=000018′><b>3.7

kya<b>: Milk in Hebrew Culture – Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

3.7 kya<b>: 1st Windmill – Iraq</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>3.7

kya<b>: Alphabet, Phoenicia – Lebanon</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>3.6 kya<b>:

Eruption of Santorini Volcano near Minos</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>3.6 kya<b>: Last mammoth goes extinct –

Siberia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poverty_Point’><b>3.6 kya<b>: Poverty Point

Culture – LA</a><br>

<a href=”http://nrich.maths.org/6070′><b>3.6 kya<b>: Observations of sky events,

Babylon – Iraq</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>3.6

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 60k-100k – Babylon, Iraq and Avaris, Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1000bce.htm’><b>3.6 kya<b>:

Early Phoenicain writing, basis of modern alphabet</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Holocene_migrations’><b

>3.6 kya<b>: Beginning of colonizatin of the Pacific Islands</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.6 kya<b>: Hittites from Turkey

sack Babylon</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>3.6 kya<b>:

End of Minoan Civilization</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>3.6

kya<b>: Mycenaean civilization – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>3.6 kya<b>:

Xia Dynasty ends, Shang Dynasty, Tang – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>3.6

kya<b>: Pomegranate introduced to Egypt from Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indepthinfo.com/parsley/history.shtml’><b>3.6 kya<b>: Parsley

cultivated as medicinal – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://timelinesdb.com/listevents.php?subjid=789&title=Agriculture’><b>3.6

kya<b>: Tibet plateau faring extends to higher elevations with Barley</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>3.6

kya<b>: Anise, saffron, fenugreek, mustard, fennel, cardamon, garlic, thyme and poppy

all concidered medicinal herbs – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sword’><b>3.6 kya<b>: 1st Sword –

Mideast</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/memory-of-

the-world/register/full-list-of-registered-heritage/registered-heritage-page-6/nebra-sky-

disc/’><b>3.6 kya<b>: 1st representation of stars, Nebra Sky Disc – Germany</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>3.6 kya<b>:

Fully developed ideogram writing – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ereferencedesk.com/resources/state-history-

timeline/colorado.html’><b>3.5 kya<b>: Basket Makers inhabit Colorado </a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>3.5 kya<b>:

Mixtec Culture – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/prehistoric/’><b>3.5 kya<b>: Soil

erosion causes collase of towns – C. America</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.deq.state.ok.us/lpdnew/wastehistory/wastehistory.htm’><b>3.5

kya<b>: 1st municipal dump – Athens</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ooze.com/finger/html/history.html’><b>3.5 kya<b>: Earliest

mention of giving someone the finger, Aristophanes – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clay_tablet’><b>3.5 kya<b>: 1st Alphabet, 32

characters on clay tablets, Ugarites – Syria</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>3.5

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 75k – Uruk, Iraq, Memphis, Egypt and Thebes,

Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Ancient_authority’><b>3.5

kya<b>: Objects for recordkeeping, “Bulla”, disappear – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>3.5 kya<b>:

Rig Veda written – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/zoroastrian/’><b>3.5 kya<b>:

Zoroastrianism founded – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.andrzejb.net/slavic/’><b>3.5 kya<b>: Proto-Slavs –

Poland</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>3.5 kya<b>:

10 commandments, Moses – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.5 kya<b>: Aryan invasion of

Indus Valley – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>3.5 kya<b>:

Mycaenean State – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory’><b>3.5 kya<b>:

Mergarh culture ends – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.5 kya<b>: 1st battle recorded

in detail, Megiddo, Egypt beats Canaan</a><br>

<a href=”http://blog.longreads.com/2015/10/14/i-would-rather-be-herods-pig-the-

history-of-a-taboo/’><b>3.5 kya<b>: Pork accounts for 20% of diet -Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>3.5

kya<b>: Seed Drill, mass planter – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.ancient.eu/timeline/Agriculture/’><b>3.5 kya<b>: Pastoral

farming commn – Central Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turnip#Origin’><b>3.5 kya<b>: Turnip

cultivated – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1400bce.htm’><b>3.5 kya<b>: 1st

page numbering of tablets, Hittite empire – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.5 kya<b>: 1st Composite

Bow</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>3.5

kya<b>: 1st Coins – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>3.5

kya<b>: 1st Coins – Lebanon</a><br>

<a href=”http://nrich.maths.org/6070′><b>3.5 kya<b>: 1st Star Map -Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://nrich.maths.org/6070′><b>3.5 kya<b>: 1st Water Clock</a><br>

<a href=”http://nrich.maths.org/6070′><b>3.5 kya<b>: 1st Sundial with equal divisions

– Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cupping_therapy#History’><b>3.5 kya<b>: 1st

Cupping Therapy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.4 kya<b>: Olmec Civilization

begins – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/prehistoric/’><b>3.4 kya<b>: Decline

of Minos after deforestation</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>3.4

kya<b>: Largest City, pop’n 80k-100k – Thebes, Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html’><b>3.4 kya<b>:

Use of Iron for Sundials and Water Clocks</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>3.4 kya<b>:

Mycaenean State conquers Minos – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1400bce.htm’><b>3.4 kya<b>:

Beginning of Hittite Empire – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>3.4 kya<b>: 1st Iron Smelting</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.4 kya<b>: 1st Water

Clock</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_alphabet’><b>3.4 kya<b>: 1st

Alphabetic order -Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.4 kya<b>: Mycenae Greece

invades Crete, ending Minoa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.3  kya<b>: Villages of

sedentary farmers in North Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.3  kya<b>: Beginning of the

Lapita emigration to Pacific Islands</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>3.3

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 80k-120k – Thebes, Egypt and Yinxu, China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.3  kya<b>: Writing develops in

Shang Civilization – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.pacmusee.qc.ca/en/exhibitions/varna-worlds-first-gold-ancient-

secrets’><b>3.3  kya<b>: Thracian Civilization – Bulgaria</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1200bce.htm’><b>3.3  kya<b>:

Writing on bamboo  China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

3.3  kya<b>: Canal linking Nile to Red Sea – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1300bce.htm’><b>3.3  kya<b>:

Amarna archives – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1400bce.htm’><b>3.3  kya<b>:

Qadesh treaty between Hittites and Egyptians</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>3.3

kya<b>: Watermelon, lentils, almond, date palm, cumin and coriander all common foods

– Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.ancient.eu/timeline/Agriculture/’><b>3.3  kya<b>: 1st manual

on training horses, Kikkuli – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/prehistoric/’><b>3.3  kya<b>: Kosher

Dietary Laws</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1400bce.htm’><b>3.3  kya<b>: 1st

tablet catalogues, Hittite empire – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.achrnews.com/articles/87035-an-early-history-of-comfort-

heating’><b>3.3  kya<b>: 1st Hypocaust Radiant Floor Heating</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.2 kya<b>: Anasazi Civilization –

Southwest US</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>3.2 kya<b>:

Halstatt Culture begins – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/prehistoric/’><b>3.2 kya<b>: Troy

dominates trade in Eastern Mediterranean/Black Sea, port closed in by siltation –

Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>3.2 kya<b>:

Bronze Age Collapse – Iraq</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_construction#Neolithic_construction’><b&gt;

3.2 kya<b>: End of Bronze Age, Beginning of Iron Age</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>3.2

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 80k-160k – Babylon, Iraq, Thebes, Egypt and Pi-Ramses,

Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.britannica.com/technology/clerestory’><b>3.2 kya<b>: 1st use

of a Clerestroy for interior ligthing – Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Earliest_forms_of_banking’><b

>3.2 kya<b>: End of grain/gold storage in temples – Iraq</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Holocene_migrations’><b

>3.2 kya<b>: Vanuatu colonized</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/businessclub/money/11174013/The-

history-of-money-from-barter-to-bitcoin.html’><b>3.2 kya<b>: Cowrie Shells used as

tokens of wealth In trade – Coastal South Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>3.2 kya<b>:

Trojan Wars – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>3.2 kya<b>:

Hittite Empire disintegrates – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_Peoples’><b>3.2 kya<b>: Invasion of the

Sea Peoples – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.2 kya<b>: 2nd Invasion from

Russia, overrunning Hittites and as far as Greece.</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/03/slaughter-bridge-uncovering-

colossal-bronze-age-battle’><b>3.2 kya<b>: Battle at Tollense River, hundreds

dead</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1200bce.htm’><b>3.2 kya<b>:

Reign of Ramses II – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.candyhistory.net/candy-origin/first-candy/’><b>3.2 kya<b>:

Cacao cultivated, Mayans – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/artokra.html’><b>3.2 kya<b>: Okra

cultivated – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://blog.longreads.com/2015/10/14/i-would-rather-be-herods-pig-the-

history-of-a-taboo/’><b>3.2 kya<b>: Pigs seen as polluting – Mideast</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3.2 kya<b>: 1st Family tree

records, Surnames among nobility – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1200bce.htm’><b>3.2 kya<b>: Baal

Cycle, Canaanite Mythology – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_compass’><b>3.1 kya<b>: 1st

use of lodestones for North Compass, Olmecs – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1100bce.htm’><b>3.1 kya<b>:

Mayan Calendar Start Date</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>3.1

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 50k-120k – Egypt and China</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/businessclub/money/11174013/The-

history-of-money-from-barter-to-bitcoin.html’><b>3.1 kya<b>: Bronze Replicas of items

used to represent goods in trade – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/zhou/’><b>3.1 kya<b>: End

of Shang Dynasty, Western Zhou Dynasty – China</a><br>

<a href=”Middle Kingdom & the empire of the Rising Sun – June Dreyer’><b>3.1

kya<b>: Beginning of idea of state – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1100bce.htm’><b>3.1 kya<b>:

Greek Calendar start date</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Villanovan_culture’><b>3.1 kya<b>: Rise of

Villanovan Culture – Italy</a><br>

<a

href=”http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/mesopotamianhistory/index.html’><b>3.1

kya<b>: Nebuchadezzar, Ur – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://shovels.weebly.com/history-of-the-shovel.html’><b>3.1 kya<b>:

Modern Shovels – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>3.1 kya<b>:

Early building, Skara Brae – Scotland</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>3.1 kya<b>:

Dawn of Iron age</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>3.0 kya<b>:

Adena Culture – Northeast US</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1000bce.htm’><b>3.0 kya<b>: 1st

writing, Olmec – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>3.0

kya<b>: Peanuts cultivated – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>3.0 kya<b>: Polynesian Exploration of Pacific

Ocean</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>3.0

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 50k-120k – China, Egypt and Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12862-017-0936-

9′><b>3.0 kya<b>: Romani diaspora – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1000bce.htm’><b>3.0 kya<b>:

Modern Phoenician writing, basis of modern alphabet</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1000bce.htm’><b>3.0 kya<b>:

Beginning of Iron Age</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Ancient_authority’><b>3.0

kya<b>: Trade in Black Obsidian replaced by trade in Copper and Silver – Mediterranean

Basin</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Niger%E2%80%93Congo_languages#Origin’><b>3.

0 kya<b>: Beginning of the Bantu expansion</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>3.0 kya<b>:

Kingdom of Israel – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>3.0 kya<b>: King Solomon – Israel</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>3.0

kya<b>: 1st Glass – Lebanon</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab34′><b>3

.0 kya<b>: Abacus – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.usgo.org/brief-history-go’><b>3.0 kya<b>: Go – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/String_instrument#Earliest_string_instruments’><b&gt;

3.0 kya<b>: Oldest Lyre, Ur – Iraq</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.foresthistory.org/Education/curriculum/Activity/activ1/essay.htm’><b

>3 kya<b>: Begin to build wooden structures in permanent settlements</a><br>

<a

href=”http://faculty.washington.edu/qtaylor/a_us_history/0000_1600_timeline.htm’><b

>3 kya<b>: Corn brought to Southwest US from Aztec Empire in Mexico</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.foresthistory.org/Education/curriculum/Activity/activ1/essay.htm’><b

>3 kya<b>: Americans clearing forest for agriculture</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0002130.html’><b>3 kya<b>: Irrigation

Canals by Hohokam & Anasazi</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/?title=Cherokee_Indian’><b>3 kya<b>: Cherokee Split

from Iroquois and migrate South</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ushistory.org/civ/11.asp’><b>3 kya<b>: Olmec Empire –

Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing’><b>3 kya<b>: Olmec

script</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.stumbleupon.com/su/1FUdSS’><b>3 kya<b>: Zapotec, Monte

Alban, population 25,000 – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0002130.html’><b>3 kya<b>: Hopewell

Culture begins to 500 AD – OH-MS</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ereferencedesk.com/resources/state-history-

timeline/nevada.html’><b>3 kya<b>: Patayan & Anasazi nations – Nevada</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.vedicsciences.net/articles/history-of-numbers.html’><b>3

kya<b>: System of weights and measures, Harrapan – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b>3 kya<b>: Celtic

most widespread language in Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.everyculture.com/multi/Du-Ha/French-Americans.html’><b>3

kya<b>: Celts immigrate as Gauls – France</a><br>

<a href=”Money, an unauthorized biography – Felix Martin’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st solution

to a debt crisis, Solon – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.stepheneinhorn.co.uk/thames_wood_history.asp’><b>3 kya<b>:

Thames area becomes trade center – London</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.stepheneinhorn.co.uk/thames_wood_history.asp’><b>3 kya<b>:

England begins Iron smelting</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.stepheneinhorn.co.uk/thames_wood_history.asp’><b>3 kya<b>:

Beginning of Roman Republic</a><br>

<a href=”Money, an unauthorized biography – Felix Martin’><b>3 kya<b>: Largest city,

Uruk, pop’n = 60k</a><br>

<a href=”Mobile Wave – Michael Saylor’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st coins – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.irrigationmuseum.org/exhibit2.aspx’><b>3 kya<b>: Hanging

Gardens of Babylon – Mesopotamia</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>3

kya<b>: Gutters in streets – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”Mobile Wave – Michael Saylor’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st schools – Sumer</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing#Inventions_of_writing’><b>3

kya<b>: MesoAmerican development of written language</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st concept of Earth as

Spherical – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iron_Age#History’><b>3 kya<b>: Iron Age

begins, use of iron tools</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guanzi_%28text%29′><b>3 kya<b>: Guanxi

book on Governance – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://anthro.palomar.edu/adapt/adapt_5.htm’><b>3 kya<b>: Lactose

Tolerance now common among Europeans and East Africans</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.foreigntranslations.com/languages/arabic-translation/arabic-

language-history/’><b>3 kya<b>: Proto-Arabic, Musnad develops</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b>3 kya<b>: Celtic a

distinct language group in Europe</a><br>

<a href=”Money, an unauthorized biography – Felix Martin’><b>3 kya<b>: Money

Invented – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Wall#History’><b>3 kya<b>:

Solomon’s Temple constructed – Jerusalem</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.stumbleupon.com/su/1FUdSS’><b>3 kya<b>: Nok Culture –

Nigeria </a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hallstatt_culture’><b>3 kya<b>: Hallstat Culture,

Early Celts – Switzerland</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bantu_expansion’><b>3 kya<b>: Bantu

expansion begins – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”Money, an unauthorized biography – Felix Martin’><b>3 kya<b>: Temple

sacrifices in Cash – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.hindawi.com/journals/aag/2014/541097/’><b>3 kya<b>: Pear

cultivated</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_construction’><b>3 kya<b>: Great

Wall of China – Mongolia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.mapsofindia.com/history/’><b>3 kya<b>: City-States era begins –

India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc3.htm’><b>3 kya<b>: Shang Rule

overthrown, beginning of Zhou dynasty</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc2.htm’><b>3 kya<b>: Hebrews defeat

Canaanites – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”http://blog.longreads.com/2015/10/14/i-would-rather-be-herods-pig-the-

history-of-a-taboo/’><b>3 kya<b>: Pork accounts for 5% of diet – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomato#Mesoamerica’><b>3 kya<b>: Tomato

cultivated – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhubarb#Historical_cultivation’><b>3 kya<b>:

Rhubarb cultivated , China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chocolate’><b>3 kya<b>: Chocolate cultivated –

Honduras</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cucumber#Earliest_cultivation’><b>3 kya<b>:

Cucumber cultivated – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mustard_seed#History’><b>3 kya<b>: Mustard

Seed cultivated – India</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st rainwater harvesting – Moab</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cabbage#History’><b>3 kya<b>:

Cabbage/Broccoli/Cauliflower cultivated – France</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.irrigationmuseum.org/exhibit2.aspx’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st Well

irrigation, Qanat – Mesopotamia</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabian-Nubian_Shield’><b>3 kya<b>: Early

Geologic Map, Turin Papyrus – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.csmonitor.com/2004/0518/p18s02-hfks.html’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st

Pebble mosaic floors – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”Money, an unauthorized biography – Felix Martin’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st Greek

Writing</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.enchantedlearning.com/inventors/1300.shtml’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st

Kite – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing’><b>3 kya<b>: Chinese

system of writing – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://artofchainmail.com/history.html’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st Chain Mail Armor –

Etruscan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_writing’><b>3 kya<b>:

Mesoamerican system of writing – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.enchantedlearning.com/inventors/1300.shtml’><b>3 kya<b>:

Marshmallow Candy – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.enchantedlearning.com/inventors/1300.shtml’><b>3 kya<b>: Yo-

Yo Toys – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ambidextrousmag.org/issues/05/pdf/i5p45_46.pdf’><b>3 kya<b>:

Isinglass Fish Glue – China</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>3

kya<b>: 1st Botanical Garden – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>3

kya<b>: 1st two-masted ships – Mediterranean</a><br>

<a

href=”http://composite.about.com/od/aboutcompositesplastics/a/HistoryofComposites.ht

m’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st composite bow – Mongolia</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>3

kya<b>: 1st Game Parks – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>3

kya<b>: 1st water wheel pump, Saqiya – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/122863/coal/259096/History-of-

the-use-of-coal’><b>3 kya<b>: Early use of coal as fuel – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/businessclub/money/11174013/The-

history-of-money-from-barter-to-bitcoin.html’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st use of cowrie shells as

currency – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/businessclub/money/11174013/The-

history-of-money-from-barter-to-bitcoin.html’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st use of replica totems

for barter – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_candle_making’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st

use of wax candles – Rome, China</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>3

kya<b>: 1st mouldboard: proto-plow – China</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>3

kya<b>: 1st Metal fittings on furniture – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>3

kya<b>: Raised Hearth – Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/plaintexthistories.asp?historyid=aa19′><b>3

kya<b>: 1st Canal – Mesopotamia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.gold-eagle.com/article/history-gold’><b>3 kya<b>: Gold first used

as money – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>3

kya<b>: 1st log raft – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2013/10/history-spoons-forks-

knives/’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st spoons – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>3

kya<b>: Sewage system, Cloaca Maxima – Rome</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.sewerhistory.org/grfx/components/pipe-cly1.htm’><b>3 kya<b>:

1st hot and cold running water – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.irrigationmuseum.org/exhibit2.aspx’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st animal

powered, bucket-driven water pump – Persia</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab34′><b>3

kya<b>: Abacus – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bagpipes#History’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st bagpipes –

Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.irrigationmuseum.org/exhibit2.aspx’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st water

wheel – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>3 kya<b>: Rustproof Iron –

India</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>3

kya<b>: 1st Rotary Mill – Spain</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>3

kya<b>: 1st Hinge</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>3

kya<b>: 1st Hasp for doors – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_timekeeping_devices’><b>3 kya<b>:

1st sundial – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.locks.ru/germ/informat/schlagehistory.htm’><b>3 kya<b>: 1st

Locks – Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_transportation_technology#Antiquity’><b

>3 kya<b>: Diokylos Wagonway – Corinth</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_transportation_technology#Antiquity’><b

>3 kya<b>: 1st Postal System – Persia</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>3

kya<b>: 1st timber Bridge – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>3

kya<b>: 1st floating Bridge – Syria</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.asphaltpavement.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id

=21&Itemid=41′><b>3 kya<b>: 1st asphalt road – Babylon</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_of_war’><b>3 kya<b>: “The Art of War” –

Sun Tzu</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabs#History’><b>2.9 kya<b>: 1st mention of

Arab people</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc3.htm’><b>2.9 kya<b>: Phoenicians leading

trade across Mediterranean</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>2.9

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 50k-125k – Haojing, China, Thebes, Egypt and Memphis,

Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc3.htm’><b>2.9 kya<b>: Old Testament

written – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc3.htm’><b>2.9 kya<b>: Vedas written,

Upanishads begin – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>2.9 kya<b>:

Saba, 1st state on Arabic Peninsula – Oman</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanging’><b>2.9 kya<b>: Hanging as an

execution method – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce09.htm’><b>2.9 kya<b>: 1st Horse  Collar –

China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.9 kya<b>:

Iliad and Odyssey written – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>2.8 kya<b>:

Mississippian Culture – Midwest</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.vedicsciences.net/articles/history-of-numbers.html’><b>2.8

kya<b>: “Pythagorean theorem” of triangles,  </a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>2.8

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 50k-125k – Nimrud, Iraq, Haojing, China, and Thebes,

Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html’><b>2.8 kya<b>:

Earleist named Mathematician, Ahmes- Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>2.8 kya<b>: Neo-Assyrian Empire</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc3.htm’><b>2.8 kya<b>: Zhou Empire

fragments after invasion by the Chuanrong – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Wall_of_China#History’><b>2.8 kya<b>:

Beginning of Spring and Autumn Period, border walls – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.8 kya<b>:

Rome founded</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/ancient/800bce.htm’><b>2.8 kya<b>: Carthage

founded</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc3.htm’><b>2.8 kya<b>: Japan

founded</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.8 kya<b>:

Rise of City-States – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/celery-history.html’><b>2.8 kya<b>:

Celery cultivated – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_alphabet’><b>2.8 kya<b>: 1st

Alphabet with Vowels – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.8 kya<b>:

1st Olympic Games – Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.8

kya<b>: 1st False Teeth – Italy</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.8

kya<b>: 1st Scissors – Europe</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.8

kya<b>: 1st Lenses – Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>2.7

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 100k – Iraq, China, Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa’><b>2.7 kya<b>: Aksum

Civilization – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Villanovan_culture’><b>2.7 kya<b>:

Replacement of Villanovan Culture with Etruscans – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.7 kya<b>:

Beginning of Assyrian Empire – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.7 kya<b>:

Beginning of Media Empire – Afghanistan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.7 kya<b>:

Beginning of Persian Empire – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”The Shrinking Monarchy – Economist May 27, 2017′><b>2.7 kya<b>: Imperial

Dynasty, Chrysanthemum Throne begins, Jimmu – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/zhou/’><b>2.7 kya<b>: End

of Western Zhou Dynasty, beginning of Eastern Zhou – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.7 kya<b>:

Beginning of Spring & Autumn period – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.7 kya<b>:

1st Emperor, Jimmu – Japan</a><br>

<a

href=”http://oracc.museum.upenn.edu/amgg/mesopotamianhistory/index.html’><b>2.7

kya<b>: Appearance of Hebrew and Aramaic languages</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>2.7 kya<b>: Neo-Assyrian Empire – Suyria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historical_hydroculture’><b>2.7 kya<b>:

Hanging Gardens of Babylon – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://koreanhistory.info/PaleolithicandNeolithicKorea.htm’><b>2.7 kya<b>:

Bronze introduced – Korea</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_alphabet’><b>2.7 kya<b>:

Aramaic Alphabet – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”http://nrich.maths.org/6070′><b>2.7 kya<b>: Mathematical theory of

Astronomy, Babylon – Iraq</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

2.7 kya<b>: 1st Aqueduct – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.7 kya<b>:

1st large Dam impounding water, Marib – Yemen</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.7

kya<b>: 1st Windmills, Persia – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_alphabet’><b>2.7 kya<b>: Latin

Alphabet – Italy</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.7

kya<b>: 1st Warship, Phoenician – Lebanon</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html’><b>2.7 kya<b>:

Works of Homer and Hesiod</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.6 kya<b>:

1st writing, Oaxacan – Mexico</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>2.6

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 100k-200k – Iraq, China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html’><b>2.6 kya<b>:

Deductive Geometry, Thales – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/ancient/600bce.htm’><b>2.6 kya<b>: 1st

reading library, Ashurbanipal, Nineveh – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Asia_Minor’><b>2.6

kya<b>: Largest pot-hoard in Asia – Ephesus, Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/businessclub/money/11174013/The-

history-of-money-from-barter-to-bitcoin.html’><b>2.6 kya<b>: 1st state currency,

standard weigth electrum Roaring Lion coin – Lydia (now Turkey)</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.6 kya<b>:

Fall of Assyrian Empire – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/beginnings/1100bce.htm’><b>2.6 kya<b>:

Destruction of Assur – Syria</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_abolition_of_slavery_and_serfdom’><b&gt;

2.6 kya<b>: Abolition of Debt Slavery, Solon – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc3.htm’><b>2.6 kya<b>: Rome wins

independence from Etruscans – Italy</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Turkey#Early_history_of_the_Turks’><b

>2.6 kya<b>: Origin of the Turkic People – Siberia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.6 kya<b>:

Rise of the 16 great kingdoms – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.6 kya<b>:

1st Tamil Dynasty, Pandya – S. India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>2.6 kya<b>:

Magadha Dynasty begins – NW India</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>2.6 kya<b>: Confucius – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_Wall_(Thracian_Chersonese)’><b>2.6

kya<b>: Long Wall of Thrace – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>2.6 kya<b>:

Carthage, Cyrene – N. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.6 kya<b>:

Destruction of First Temple – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc3.htm’><b>2.6 kya<b>: Democracy founded

– Athens</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>2.6

kya<b>: Median Empire – Afghanistan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.6 kya<b>:

Babylonian Captivity – Israel</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.6

kya<b>: 1st Lighthouse – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://nrich.maths.org/6070′><b>2.6 kya<b>: 1st Merkhet survey tool for

straight lines on land – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canal_of_the_Pharaohs’><b>2.6 kya<b>: Canal

of the Pharoahs begun – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.infoplease.com/us/race-population/major-pre-columbian-indian-

cultures-united-states’><b>2.5 kya<b>: Adena Culture Begins</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.deq.state.ok.us/lpdnew/wastehistory/wastehistory.htm’><b>2.5

kya<b>: 1st  Waste regulations, no dumping within mile of city walls – Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>2.5

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 150k-200k – Iraq, China, India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

Pythagoran Geometry – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_paleontology’><b>2.5 kya<b>: Fossil

theory of former submergence – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://milk.procon.org/view.timeline.php?timelineID=000018′><b>2.5

kya<b>: Fall of Vedic Civilization – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_rupee’><b>2.5 kya<b>: Coins

issued, Rupaalu – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc3.htm’><b>2.5 kya<b>: Confucianism

founded – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.mapsofindia.com/history/’><b>2.5 kya<b>: Achaemenid Empire

under Darius – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

Socrates born</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.mapsofindia.com/history/’><b>2.5 kya<b>: 16 city-states –

India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Wall#History’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

Solomon’s Temple destroyed, by Babylonians – Jerusalem</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

Battle of Thermopylae – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

Greco-Persian Wars</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

Warring States Period – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.china.org.cn/e-gudai/index-1.htm’><b>2.5 kya<b>: Beginning of

1500 year feudal period – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>2.5 kya<b>: Buddha – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

Buddhism founded, S. Gautama – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc4.htm’><b>2.5 kya<b>: Jainism founded

against Hinduism – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

Persian Empire founded and peaks – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

Roman Republic founded, end of kingdom of Rome</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc4.htm’><b>2.5 kya<b>: Notion of Equality,

MoZi – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc4.htm’><b>2.5 kya<b>: Early empiricism,

Anaxgoras – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plough#History’><b>2.5 kya<b>: Earliest Iron

Plowshares – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/CropFactSheets/caper.html#Origin’><b>2.

5 kya<b>: Capers already cultivated – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horseradish#History’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

Horseradish already cultivated – Russia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

2.5 kya<b>: Heavy iron ploughs with mouldboards – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

2.5 kya<b>: Row Agriculture with Hoe tilling – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scythe#History’><b>2.5 kya<b>: Scythe

developed – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.tytyga.com/History-of-Mulberry-Trees-a/373.htm’><b>2.5

kya<b>: Mulberries already in cultivation</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.hobbyfarms.com/fruit-a-history-of-plums/’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

Plums cultivated – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://relish.com/articles/parsnips-rooted-in-history/’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

Parsnip already cultivated</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.myspicer.com/history-of-marjoram/’><b>2.5 kya<b>: Marjoram

Already cultivated – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.deseretnews.com/article/865560133/A-brief-history-of-numbers-

and-counting-Part-2-Indian-invention-of-zero-was-huge-in-development-of.html’><b>2.5

kya<b>: “Arabic” Numerals – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

Early Math Book, Elements, Euclid – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

Classical Sanskrit – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

Zero and Binary counting invented, Pingala – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Barrel#History’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

Barrel – France</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

2.5 kya<b>: 1st Underground Aqueduct – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://nrich.maths.org/6070′><b>2.5 kya<b>: 12-constellation Zodiac,

Babylon – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>2.5 kya<b>: 7 Day week, Babylon – Iraq</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.5

kya<b>: Construction Crane – Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.5

kya<b>: Wagonway, Diolkos – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_canals_in_China’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

1st major Canal, Yangtze to Huai – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thespis’><b>2.5 kya<b>: 1st Actor, Thespis –

Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.oscarenterprises.f2s.com/sausage_history.html’><b>2.5 kya<b>:

1st mention of the term “Sausage” – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.usgo.org/brief-history-go’><b>2.5 kya<b>: Latrst  creation  of GO

– China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/String_instrument#Earliest_string_instruments’><b&gt;

2.5 kya<b>: Lyres with between 7 and 21 strings – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_chess’><b>2.5 kya<b>: Proto-Chess

– India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.4 kya<b>:

Zapotec Culture – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>2.4 kya<b>: Nazca Lines – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc4.htm’><b>2.4 kya<b>: 1st law allowing

marriage between commoners and aristocrats – Rome</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>2.4

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 150k-320k – Babylon, Alexandria, Patna, IN, Xiadu,

CN</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.4 kya<b>:

Hippocrates, the physician – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.4 kya<b>:

Theory of a Spherical Earth, Parmenides – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.4 kya<b>:

Plague in Athens – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.4 kya<b>:

Curve fitting to tangents, trisecting angles, Quadratix – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.4 kya<b>:

Proof by Exhaustion, Eudoxus – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Asia_Minor’><b>2.4

kya<b>: 1st use of money in trades – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.4 kya<b>:

Greco-Persian Wars end</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc4.htm’><b>2.4 kya<b>: Socrates condemned

to death, Aristocrat vs. Democrats – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.4 kya<b>:

Plato Born – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_Walls#Beginnings’><b>2.4 kya<b>: Long

walls connecting Athens to its ports – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.4 kya<b>:

Aristotle – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>2.4 kya<b>: Alexander – Macedonia</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.decktowel.com/pages/linen-history’><b>2.4 kya<b>: Roman

Empire conquers Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc5.htm’><b>2.4 kya<b>: 1st encounter

between Rome and Gauls</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empedocles’><b>2.4 kya<b>: 1st theory of 4

elements, Empedocles – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>2.4

kya<b>: Athenian Empire – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanda_Empire’><b>2.4 kya<b>: Nanda Dynasty

– India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Servian_Wall’><b>2.4 kya<b>: Servian Wall –

Rome, Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.4 kya<b>:

Peloponnesian war between City-States – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc5.htm’><b>2.4 kya<b>: Gauls sack Rome,

leading to revamp of military – Rome</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc5.htm’><b>2.4 kya<b>: Jerusalem rebuilt –

Israel</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc5.htm’><b>2.4 kya<b>: Ramayana &

Mahabharata written – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>2.4

kya<b>: Sushi – Japan</a><br>

<a

href=”https://www.jstor.org/stable/42883463?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents’><b>2.4

kya<b>: st mention of Persimmon – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>2.4 kya<b>:

Extensive Canal Farning, Mayans – Mexico</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.4

kya<b>: 1st Crank (rotary lever) – Spain</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.4

kya<b>: 1st Cast Iron – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.4

kya<b>: 1st Crossbow – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.4

kya<b>: 1st Trebuchet – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.4

kya<b>: 1st Catapult – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.boltscience.com/pages/screw2.htm’><b>2.4 kya<b>: 1st screw

threads, A. Tarentum – Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.4

kya<b>: 1st Spiral Staircase – Sicily</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gear#History’><b>2.4 kya<b>: 1st Gears –

China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.4 kya<b>:

Parthenon – Athens, Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.4

kya<b>: 1st Mirror – Lebanon</a><br>

<a

href=”http://bio.sunyorange.edu/updated2/pl%20new/69%20prosimians.htm’><b>2.3

kya<b>: H. sapiens colonizes Madagascar</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.3 kya<b>:

Great Pyramid of Cholula – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://m.xkcd.com/1732/’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Mayan Hieroglyphics</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0002130.html’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Mogollon

Culture begins to 1100 – NM</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0002130.html’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Anasazi

Culture begins to 1300 – NM</a><br>

<a href=”Cadogan Guide, Tokyo, Kyoto, & Ancient Nara’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Jomon period

Ends, Yayoi period begins – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.vedicsciences.net/articles/history-of-numbers.html’><b>2.3

kya<b>: Formula for transforming Sphere into Cylinder, Archimedes – Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>2.3

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 150k-500k – Babylon, Alexandria, Carthage, TU, Patna,

IN</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.3 kya<b>:

Alexandria Founded – Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab34′><b>2

.3 kya<b>: “Arabic” numerals – India</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab34′><b>2

.3 kya<b>: Roman numerals – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.3 kya<b>:

Elements, Euclid – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.3 kya<b>:

1st theory of heliocentric solar system, Aristarchus – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.3 kya<b>:

Lighthouse of Alexandria – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Asia_Minor’><b>2.3

kya<b>: Bill of Exchange – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Rome’><b>2.3 kya<b>:

Roman Public Bank – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Asia_Minor’><b>2.3

kya<b>: “On Revenues” describes a Joint Stock Bank, Xenophon – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.deamuseum.org/ccp/opium/history.html’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Silk

Road / Sea routes already in place – Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scythian_Neapolis’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Neapolis,

Scythian City -Ukraine</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc5.htm’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Alexander the Great

– Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc5.htm’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Alexander the Great

dies, 32, in Babylon – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>2.3 kya<b>:

Persian Empire dissolved by now</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_abolition_of_slavery_and_serfdom’><b&gt;

2.3 kya<b>: Abolition of Debt Slavery – Italy</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_abolition_of_slavery_and_serfdom’><b&gt;

2.3 kya<b>: Abolition of Slave Trade, laws on humane treatment of Slaves, Ashoka –

India</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>2.3 kya<b>:

Peak of Carthage – coasts of North Africa, Spain & Sicily</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.3 kya<b>:

Fall of Nanda Dynasty – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>2.3 kya<b>:

Magadha Dynasty ends – NW India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>2.3 kya<b>:

Mauryan Empire rises – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://quatr.us/africa/history/’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Bantu kingdom –

Nigeria</a><br>

<a href=”http://quatr.us/africa/history/bantu.htm’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Djenne-Djembo

kingdom – Mali</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.3 kya<b>:

Ashoka the Great, Mauryan Empire – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalinga_War’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Kalinga War –

India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.3 kya<b>:

Thuc Dynasty – Vietnam</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>2.3

kya<b>: Roman Empire  – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc5.htm’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Maurya Empire

under Chandragupta – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.3 kya<b>:

1st Punic War</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.history.com/news/hungry-history/ketchup-a-saucy-

history’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Koe-cheup, precursor to ketchup – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/chronicaeggplant.pdf’><b>2.3 kya<b>:

Eggplant Cultivated – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://blog.longreads.com/2015/10/14/i-would-rather-be-herods-pig-the-

history-of-a-taboo/’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Pork reintroduced to Mideast by Greeks</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

2.3 kya<b>: Trace Harness for horses – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radish#History’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Radish already

in cultivation – SE Asia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2126.html’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Introduction of

Rice Agriculture – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”http://quatr.us/africa/history/bantu.htm’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Iron  Smelting –

Nigeria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.scubadiver.cc/scubahistory.htm’><b>2.3 kya<b>: 1st possible

Diving Bell – Lebanon</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_construction#Neolithic_construction’><b&gt;

2.3 kya<b>: 1st Steel – Italy</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.3

kya<b>: 1st Gears – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.3

kya<b>: 1st Semaphore Signaling – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://koreanhistory.info/PaleolithicandNeolithicKorea.htm’><b>2.3 kya<b>:

Iron introduced – Korea</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comma#History’><b>2.3 kya<b>: 1st Comma –

Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc6.htm’><b>2.3 kya<b>: Library at Alexandria

founded – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc6.htm’><b>2.3 kya<b>: 1st Alarm Water

Clock – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc7.htm’><b>2.2 kya<b>: Teotihuacan founded

– Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.2 kya<b>: El

Mirador, Mayan City – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>2.2

kya<b>: Zapotec Empire – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Hinduism’><b>2.2 kya<b>: Golden

age of Hinduism begins – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/classical-1000-bce-500-ce/’><b>2.2

kya<b>: Hazards of Acid mists at Copper mines, Galen – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.deq.state.ok.us/lpdnew/wastehistory/wastehistory.htm’><b>2.2

kya<b>: 1st  Waste collection – Rome</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.2 kya<b>:

Silk Road opened between China and the West</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc7.htm’><b>2.2 kya<b>: Human colonization

of Tahiti</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>2.2

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 350k-600k – AlexandriaEG, PatnaIN,

Chang’AnCN</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.2 kya<b>:

Sieve for finding prime numbers, Eratosthenes – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.2 kya<b>:

Conic Section geometry, Apollonius – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.2 kya<b>:

360 degrees in a circle, Hypsicles – Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Earliest_forms_of_banking’><b

>2.2 kya<b>: 1st time trades were allowed between Babylonian City-States –

Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Asia_Minor’><b>2.2

kya<b>: Standardized Coins – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Asia_Minor’><b>2.2

kya<b>: Delos become banking center – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.ancient.eu/timeline/Agriculture/’><b>2.2 kya<b>: Boom in Iron

production – France</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.2 kya<b>:

End of Warring States Period – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xiongnu’><b>2.2 kya<b>: Xiongnu empire –

Mongolia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc7.htm’><b>2.2 kya<b>: End of Maurya

dynasty & puritanical rule – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/periodic/11143.pdf#page=8′><b>2.2 kya<b>:

Pharos of Egypt – Alexandria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc7.htm’><b>2.2 kya<b>: Foreign invasions

begin to India</a><br>

<a href=”http://blog.longreads.com/2015/10/14/i-would-rather-be-herods-pig-the-

history-of-a-taboo/’><b>2.2 kya<b>: Greek attempt to eradicate Judaism</a><br>

<a href=”http://blog.longreads.com/2015/10/14/i-would-rather-be-herods-pig-the-

history-of-a-taboo/’><b>2.2 kya<b>: Eleazer is executed for refusal to eat

Pork</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>2.2

kya<b>: Qin Dynasty – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc6.htm’><b>2.2 kya<b>: Saturnalia founded –

Rome</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_abolition_of_slavery_and_serfdom’><b&gt;

2.2 kya<b>: Abolition of Slavery, establish peasantry owing labor and taxes to state –

China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Wall_of_China#History’><b>2.2 kya<b>:

Great Wall of China begun, Qin Dynasty – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serpent%27s_Wall’><b>2.2 kya<b>: Serpent’s

Wall begun – Ukraine</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc6.htm’><b>2.2 kya<b>: Era of the Warring

States period, Unified Qin Dynasty – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/qin/’><b>2.2 kya<b>: Qin

dynasty ends after 15 years, Han Dynasty – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.2 kya<b>:

Satavahanas Tamil empire – S. India</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.deseretnews.com/article/865560110/A-brief-history-of-numbers-

and-counting-Part-1-Mathematics-advanced-with-civilization.html’><b>2.2 kya<b>:

Archimedes killed by Roman soldier, end of classical mathematic era</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.2 kya<b>:

Chera Dynasty – S. India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/kushandynasty.html’><b>2.2 kya<b>:

Kushan Dynasty begins – NE India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.2 kya<b>:

Shang Dynasty – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.2 kya<b>:

Parthian culture of Persia – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.2 kya<b>:

Han Dynasty begins – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cherry#History’><b>2.2 kya<b>: Cherries

cultivated – Europe</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

2.2 kya<b>: Collar Harness for horses – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>2.2 kya<b>: Trip

Hammer cleaning of grain – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc6.htm’><b>2.2 kya<b>: Koreans import Iron,

Bronze, & Wet-Rice Agriculture to Japan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.2 kya<b>:

Paper invented – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.2

kya<b>: 1st Canal Lock – Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.2

kya<b>: 1st Valve – Sri Lanka</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elevator#Pre-industrial_era’><b>2.2 kya<b>:

1st Elevator, Archimedes – Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.2

kya<b>: 1st Water Tower – Sri Lanka</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.2

kya<b>: 1st Water Wheel – Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.2

kya<b>: 1st Cam Gear – Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.2

kya<b>: 1st Blast Furnace – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gear#History’><b>2.2 kya<b>: 1st Gears in

Europe – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_canals_in_China’><b>2.2 kya<b>:

Oldest Contour Canal, Xang to Lijiang – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0002130.html’><b>2.1 kya<b>: Hopewell

Culture begins to 500 – Ohio</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc7.htm’><b>2.1 kya<b>: Opening of the Silk

Road</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc7.htm’><b>2.1 kya<b>: Imperial University

founded – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.1 kya<b>:

Florence Founded – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.roofrocket.com/roofing_blog/roofs/history-of-roofs/’><b>2.1

kya<b>: 1st Earthenware tiles for roofs, imported by Roman Empire – UK</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>2.1

kya<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 100k-400k – Alexandria, Rome, Chang’An</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.1 kya<b>:

360 degrees in a circle, Hypsicles – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>2.1 kya<b>:

Trigonometry, Hipparchus – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trialeti_culture’><b>2.1 kya<b>: Trialeti-

Vanadzor culture – Georgia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>2.1 kya<b>:

Mauryan Empire falls – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://blog.longreads.com/2015/10/14/i-would-rather-be-herods-pig-the-

history-of-a-taboo/’><b>2.1 kya<b>: Jewish overthrow of Greeks in Israel</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.1 kya<b>:

Punic Wars, Rome annexes Morocco & Libya</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.1 kya<b>:

Roman conquests of France and Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.1 kya<b>:

China annexes Vietnam</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.1 kya<b>:

Chola Dynasty – S. India, Indonesia</a><br>

<a href=”http://blog.longreads.com/2015/10/14/i-would-rather-be-herods-pig-the-

history-of-a-taboo/’><b>2.1 kya<b>: 1st Chanukah</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc7.htm’><b>2.1 kya<b>: Emperor Wu

reunifies China</a><br>

<a href=”http://blog.longreads.com/2015/10/14/i-would-rather-be-herods-pig-the-

history-of-a-taboo/’><b>2.1 kya<b>: Israel conquered by Roman empire</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc8.htm’><b>2.1 kya<b>: Vercingetorix

surrenders to J. Caesar – France</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>2.1

kya<b>: Pomegranate introduced – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/yearonlytimeline.html’><b>2.1

kya<b>: Oysters domesticated – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eruca_sativa#Cultivation_and_history’><b>2.1

kya<b>: Arugula cultivated – Italy</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

2.1 kya<b>: Seed Winnowing Fan – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acupuncture’><b>2.1 kya<b>: Acupuncture –

China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.1

kya<b>: 1st Paper – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gear#History’><b>2.1 kya<b>: Antikythera

Mechanism – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_canals_in_China’><b>2.1 kya<b>:

Qin Mountain Canal – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.wildmadagascar.org/history/’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Madagascar settled

by Indonesians & Africans</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Mt. Vesuvius eruption, Pompeii destroyed – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.zmescience.com/science/archaeology/finnish-archaeologist-brazil-

civilization-23092013/’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Amazon Civilization peaks in construction,

geoglyphs – Brazil</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hopewell_tradition’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Hopewell

Exchange System North-South Midwest</a><br>

<a

href=”https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278416517301447′><b>2.0

kya<b>: Hopewell-Adena Agricultural system</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Hohokam Culture – SW</a><br>

<a href=”https://boingboing.net/2018/01/29/domesticated-erect-

knotweed.html’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Eastern Agricultural Complex alreadey in place –

Eastern US</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domesticated_turkey#History’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Turkey domesticated – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Pyramid of the Sun – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce01.htm’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Korean colonization

of Japan complete</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/bc8.htm’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Julian calendar

founded</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_construction#Neolithic_construction’><b&gt;

2.0 kya<b>: End of Iron Age</a><br>

<a href=”http://paleontology.wikia.com/wiki/Timeline_of_evolution’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Human world population 150 million</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.xat.org/xat/moneyhistory.html’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Riot at the

Temple over Usury, J. Christ – Israel</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>2.0

kya<b>: Largest City, pop’n 800k-1mil- Rome</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Germanic emigration from Scandinavia into Celtic, then Roman lands</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jixia_Academy’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Jixia Academy

– China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.stepheneinhorn.co.uk/thames_wood_history.asp’><b>2.0

kya<b>: Defeat of Rome, Hannibal</a><br>

<a href=”Money, an unauthorized biography – Felix Martin’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Checks

used in personal finance – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”Money, an unauthorized biography – Felix Martin’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Economic

collapse under Tiberius – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trigonometry#History’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Sine

Function, Surya Siddhartha – India</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>2.0 kya<b>: 1st concept of Earth

spinning West-East, Heraclides – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Founding of library at

Alexandria, Alexander – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Euclidian Geometry –

Greece</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>2.0 kya<b>: 1st idea of mathematical

limit</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>2.0 kya<b>: 1st burning of library at

Alexandria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.enchantedlearning.com/inventors/1300.shtml’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Principles of levers, Archimedes – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.beaconforfreedom.org/liste.html?tid=415&art_id=475′><b>2.0

kya<b>: Early Library Burning by state – China</a><br>

<a href=”Consider the Fork – Bee Wilson’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Polynesians abandon pots to

adapt to island cuisine</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.icpdr.org/main/issues/human-impacts’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Formation of Danube delta from deforestation sediments – Romania</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.beaconforfreedom.org/liste.html?tid=415&art_id=475′><b>2.0

kya<b>: Execution of Socrates – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.beaconforfreedom.org/liste.html?tid=415&art_id=475′><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st defense of Free Speech, Euripides – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Ethiopia#Timeline’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Axum kingdom beginsr – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce03.htm’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Buddhism

introduced to China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_law’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Roman Law of the

Twelve Tables</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_law’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Lex Aquilia: Roman

foundation of Tort law</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spring_and_Autumn_Annals’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Spring and Autumn Annals, 241 year account – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warring_States_period#Periodisation’><b>2.0

kya<b>: Zhou dynasty ends, Warring States Period Begins – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warring_States_period’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Warring States Period Ends, Qin Dynasty begins – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Julius Caesar – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Roman conquest of Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Beginning of Roman Empire</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Jesus Christ – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Temple Reconstructed – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.0 kya<b>: 3

Kingdoms period – Korea</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Roman Empire enters Britain</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/satvahanadynasty.html’><b>2.0

kya<b>: Andhra Empire rises – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>2.0

kya<b>: Aksumite Empire – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce01.htm’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Ming Dynasty

founded – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce01.htm’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Gospel of Mark,

Matthew, Luke, and John written, in that order</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce01.htm’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Bishop Clement

designs on Roman power</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Founding of Roman state of Brittania, Latin & Celtic blend in language</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodwine.com/food/egg/egg0796/histcond.html’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Mustard Paste as a condiment – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://ipm.ncsu.edu/safety/factsheets/pestuse.pdf’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Use

Burnt Sulfur to repel insects and salt to control weeds – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinach#History’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Spinach

cultivated – Persia</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strawberry#History’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Strawberries in medicinal use – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artichoke#Early_history_of_use’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Artichokes Cultivated – North Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_agriculture’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Automatic

Harvester – France</a><br>

<a href=”http://assamteaxchange.com/abouttea/history.asp’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Tea

cultivated – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Glass Blowing – Lebanon</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Astrolabe – Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Water-driven Mill – Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Overshot Water Wheel – Spain</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Arch Dam – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnocchi’><b>2.0 kya<b>: 1st Gnocchi –

Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.speareducation.com/spear-review/2012/11/a-brief-history-of-

toothpaste/’><b>2.0 kya<b>: 1st recipe for Toothpaste – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Stirrups – India</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Force Pump – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”Mobile Wave – Michael Saylor’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Felt-process Paper invented –

China</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Water Mill – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Water Lift – Egypt</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=ab34′><b>2

.0 kya<b>: Roman Numerals – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Saddle – Central Asia</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.deseretnews.com/article/865560133/A-brief-history-of-numbers-

and-counting-Part-2-Indian-invention-of-zero-was-huge-in-development-of.html’><b>2.0

kya<b>: Zero as a written notation – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zoetrope’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Zoetrope –

China</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: Early Wood Chair, Kitsmos Chair – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://chain-guide.com/breaks/brief-history-of-chain.html’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

1st Chain – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.enchantedlearning.com/inventors/1300.shtml’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

1st compass – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.enchantedlearning.com/inventors/1300.shtml’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

1st Steam Engine, Heron – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.enchantedlearning.com/inventors/1300.shtml’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

Catapult – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: Heated Floor, Hypocaust – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st aqueducts – Rome</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st lead pipes – Rome</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Garden Parks – China</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: Public Baths – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Peristyle Gardens – Rome</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Topiary – Rome</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.enchantedlearning.com/inventors/1300.shtml’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

1st Archimedes Screw – Sicily</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.enchantedlearning.com/inventors/1300.shtml’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

1st altitude measurements in sky – Astrolabe</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elevator#History’><b>2.0 kya<b>: 1st

elevator</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diophantus’><b>2.0 kya<b>: 1st Algebra,

Diophantus – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Tea – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decimal#History’><b>2.0 kya<b>: 1st decimal

fractions – China</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/plaintexthistories.asp?historyid=aa19′><b>2.

0 kya<b>: Early Canal – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steel#Ancient_steel’><b>2.0 kya<b>: High

carbon steel – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_candle_making’><b>2.0 kya<b>: 1st

candles – China</a><br>

<a href=”Consider the Fork – Bee Wilson’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Balance Scale for

weights</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>2.0 kya<b>: 1st terrestrial globe map,

Crates – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Tumbler Lock – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ampersand#History’><b>2.0 kya<b>: 1st

Ampersand – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Lever Lock – Rome</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.irrigationmuseum.org/exhibit2.aspx’><b>2.0 kya<b>: 1st

Windmills – Persia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.nord-lock.com/bolted/the-history-of-the-bolt/’><b>2.0 kya<b>:

1st threaded screw</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paper_cup#History’><b>2.0 kya<b>: 1st Paper

Cups – China</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st flash locks – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gear’><b>2.0 kya<b>: 1st Gears –

Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bl_history_of_transportation.htm’><b

>2.0 kya<b>: Wheelbarrow Invented</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan, ed.’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Road Network -China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ancient.eu.com/Silk_Road/’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Silk Road

established – Asia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>2.0

kya<b>: 1st Arch Bridge – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.triplenine.org/articles/roadbuilding.asp’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Roman

Empire builds 53,000 miles of stone paved roads</a><br>

<a href=”http://blog.allstate.com/from-rome-to-detroit-a-history-of-street-

signs/’><b>2.0 kya<b>: Roman Empire system of Milestones</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_transportation_technology#Antiquity’><b

>2.0 kya<b>: Appian Way- Roman Empire</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shopping_mall’><b>2.0 kya<b>: 1st Shopping

Mall, Trajan’s Market – Rome</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/classical-1000-bce-500-ce/’><b>2.0

kya<b>: Naturalis History, Pliny the elder – Rome</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/ancient/000.htm’><b>000s<b&gt;: Index of all

Chinese Literature, Liu Xiu – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Western_Wall#History’><b>000s<b&gt;: Jerusalem

destoryed, Herod’s temple destroyed</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chester_city_walls’><b>000s<b&gt;: Chester City

Walls begun – UK</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/classical-1000-bce-500-

ce/’><b>000s<b>: J. Caesar defeats Gauls by undermining their water source –

France</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Ethiopia#Timeline’><b>000s<b&gt;:

Axum kingdom rises to power – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.purejam.com/History_of_Jam.htm’><b>000s<b&gt;: 1st

Cookbook</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>000s<b>: Perfection of Concrete Mix – Italy</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>000s

<b>: 1st Turbine – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/ancient/000.htm’><b>000s<b&gt;: 1st Book

binding – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://printinghistory.org/arrow/’><b>000s<b&gt;: 1st directional wayfinding, to

a brothel – Ephesus, Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chihuahua_%28dog%29#History’><b>100s<b&gt;:

1st Chihuahuas – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/classical-1000-bce-500-

ce/’><b>100s<b>: Occupational hazards from lead and mercury mining known –

Italy</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>100s

<b>: 1st Negative Numbers – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>100s

<b>: 1st law School – Lebanon</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>100s<b>: Antioch Earthquake, 260k killed –

Turkey</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>100s

<b>: Largest City, pop’n 450k-1mil – Rome</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/ancient/200.htm’><b>100s<b&gt;: Books

(codices) replacing scrolls as ways of storing text – Italy</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>100s<b&gt;:

Roman Empire Reaches greatest extent under Trajan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_Wall’><b>100s<b&gt;: Roman fort

constructed – London</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.kcet.org/shows/artbound/a-brief-history-of-border-

walls’><b>100s<b>: Hadrian’s wall – UK</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonine_Wall’><b>100s<b&gt;: Antonine wall –

UK</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce01.htm’><b>100s<b&gt;: Japanese conquest of

the Ainu complete</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce02.htm’><b>100s<b&gt;: New Testament

composed discarding 16 gospels, Iraeneus – France</a><br>

<a href=”https://historyforatheists.com/2017/05/the-great-myths-4-constantine-nicaea-

and-the-bible/’><b>100s<b>: Marcionic heresy rejecting Judaism</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.mapsofindia.com/history/’><b>100s<b&gt;: Christianity arrives –

India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce02.htm’><b>100s<b&gt;: Roman empire in

serious decline</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>100s<b&gt;: Heavy iron

ploughs with mouldboards – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://thenibble.com/reviews/main/fruits/lemon-types.asp’><b>100s<b&gt;:

Lemons cultivayed – Middle East</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/food-timeline-1ad-

1199.html’><b>100s<b>: 1st mechanical dough mixer – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan,

ed.’><b>100s<b>: 1st Padlock – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce01.htm’><b>100s<b&gt;: 1st Seismograph –

China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>100s

<b>: 1st Wheelbarrow – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#Neolithic’><b>100s

<b>: 1st Crankshaft – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>100s<b>: Road Map of Roman Empire, Tabula Peutingeriana</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan,

ed.’><b>100s<b>: 1st Plank Roads – Ireland</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>200s<b&gt;: Taupo eruption,

120 km3 – New Zealand</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ushistory.org/civ/11.asp’><b>200s<b&gt;: Maya Empire begins to

900 AD – South Mexico</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_South_America#Prehistory’><b>200s<b

>: Chibcha Civilization – Colombia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pachacamac’><b>200s<b&gt;: Pachacamac

established – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.infoplease.com/us/race-population/major-pre-columbian-indian-

cultures-united-states’><b>200s<b>: Adena Culture Ends</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Botswana’><b>200s<b&gt;: Bantu

Expansion begins – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>200s<b>: 2nd burning of library at

Alexandria</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.deq.state.ok.us/lpdnew/wastehistory/wastehistory.htm’><b>200s<b&gt;

: Garbage collection – Rome</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurelian_Walls’><b>200s<b&gt;: Aurelian Walls

built around Rome – Italy</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>200s

<b>: Largest City, pop’n 600k-1.2mil – Rome</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>200s<b&gt;:

Sassannian Empire – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce02.htm’><b>200s<b&gt;: 5% of Romans now

Christian</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>200s<b&gt;:

Srivijaya Empire – Thailand</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>200s<b&gt;:

Roman empire splits into Eastern & Western</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_Wall’><b>200s<b&gt;: London Wall defines

boundary until late Middle ages  – London</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce02.htm’><b>200s<b&gt;: Han dynasty

collapses</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/satvahanadynasty.html’><b>200s<b&gt;:

Andhra Empire rises – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>200s<b&gt;: 3

Kingdoms period – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>200s<b&gt;:

Western Jin Dynasty follows 3 Kingdoms period – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Botswana’><b>200s<b&gt;: Bantu

Expansion begins – Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

200s<b>: Fishing Reel – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://thenibble.com/reviews/main/fruits/lemon-types.asp’><b>200s<b&gt;:

Lemons cultivayed – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woodblock_printing’><b>200s<b&gt;: Woodblock

printing</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Barrel#History’><b>200s<b&gt;:

Barrel in use – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0002130.html’><b>300s<b&gt;: Hohokam

Culture begins to 1300 – AZ</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/history/topics/num-sys.html’><b>300s<b&gt;:

Mayan Number System, base 20 – Mexico</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>300s<b>: Antioch Earthquake, 40k killed –

Turkey</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll’><b>300s&lt;

b>: Crete Earthquake, kills 400k – Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>300s

<b>: Largest City, pop’n 500k-1mil – Rome</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>300s<b&gt;:

Chola Dynasty begins – S. India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/kushandynasty.html’><b>300s<b&gt;:

Kushan Dynasty ends – NE India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/pallavadynasty.html’><b>300s<b&gt;:

Palava Dynasty rises – SE India</a><br>

<a

href=”http://web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimeline2.htm’><b>300

s<b>: Sonnike Civilization – Mauritania</a><br>

<a

href=”http://web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimeline2.htm’><b>300

s<b>: Axum Civilization – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>300s<b&gt;:

Gupta Dynasty Begins – N. India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>300s<b&gt;: Edict

of Milan, Religious Tolerance – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>300s<b&gt;:

Theodosius outlaws all religions except Catholicism, 82 years after Edict of

Milan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce04.htm’><b>300s<b&gt;: 1st legal schism

between Christianity and Judaism, Constantine – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce04.htm’><b>300s<b&gt;: Foundation of

Feudalism, family-fixed occupations</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>300s<b&gt;:

Germans defeat Roman Army</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce03.htm’><b>300s<b&gt;: 10% of Romans now

Christian</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.beaconforfreedom.org/liste.html?tid=415&art_id=475′><b>300s<b&gt;:

Nicene Creed of heresy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2126.html’><b>300s<b&gt;: 1st Unification of

Japan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce04.htm’><b>300s<b&gt;: Christianity legalized –

Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://historyforatheists.com/2017/05/the-great-myths-4-constantine-nicaea-

and-the-bible/’><b>300s<b>: 27 books of New Testament first proposed,

Athanasius</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce04.htm’><b>300s<b&gt;: Constantinople

founded – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce04.htm’><b>300s<b&gt;: Catholic Church

founded, takes over Roman empire – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>300s<b>: 3rd burning of library at

Alexandria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce04.htm’><b>300s<b&gt;: Gupta Empire –

India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.vox.com/2015/3/3/8053521/25-maps-that-explain-

english’><b>300s<b>: Anglo-Saxon Migration to England, Old English -Celtic

mix</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whisky’><b><b&gt;: Early distillation –

Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>&lt;

b>: 1st Fishing Reel – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>&lt;

b>: 1st Oil Well – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>&lt;

b>: 1st Street Light – Syria</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>&lt;

b>: 1st Paddlewheel Boat – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce04.htm’><b><b&gt;: 1st Saddles and Stirrups –

China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.medievaltymes.com/courtyard/chainmaille_history.htm’><b><b&gt;:

Chain Mail – France</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b><b>: 1st Compass – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce04.htm’><b>400s<b&gt;: Bow and Arrow

replaces Spear – US Midwest</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce05.htm’><b>400s<b&gt;: Population of

Teotihuacan = 150k – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.vedicsciences.net/articles/history-of-numbers.html’><b>400s<b&gt;:

Decimal system of numbers – India</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>400s<b>: Antioch Earthquake, 80k killed –

Turkey</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>400s

<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 300k-800k – Rome & Constantinople</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>400s<b&gt;: 1st

Female Mathematician of note, Hypatia – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/early/400.htm’><b>400s<b&gt;: “A Record of

Buddhist Kingdoms”, Faxian – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b>400s<b&gt;: Romans

retreat from Brittania</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>400s<b&gt;:

Visigoths sack Rome</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>400s<b&gt;:

Vandals sack Rome</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>400s<b&gt;: Fall

of Rome – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Church_bell#History’><b>400s<b&gt;: Introduction

of Church Bells for Christians, Paulinus – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anastasian_Wall’><b>400s<b&gt;: Anastasian Wall

– Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://quatr.us/africa/history/bantu.htm’><b>400s<b&gt;: Bantu colonization of

all Sub-Saharan Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.everyculture.com/multi/Du-Ha/French-

Americans.html’><b>400s<b>: Fall of the western Roman Empire</a><br>

<a

href=”https://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/southern_northern/’><b>400s<b

>: Eastern Jin Dynasty ends, Split into Southern & Northern dynasties – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_ancient_history’><b>400s<b&gt;:

Romans expelled from Britain – UK</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce05.htm’><b>400s<b&gt;: Atilla the Hun invades

Rome</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce05.htm’><b>400s<b&gt;: 1st sack of Rome by

Germans – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Danevirke’><b>400s<b&gt;: Danevirke Walls –

Germany</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Wall_of_Gorgan#Dating’><b>400s<b&gt;:

Great Wall of Gorgan – Iran</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/classical-1000-bce-500-

ce/’><b>400s<b>: Formation of Shaolin Temple – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce05.htm’><b>400s<b&gt;: Venice founded –

Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b>400s<b&gt;:

Germanic Tribes arrive in England</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mustard_(condiment)#History’><b>400s<b&gt;:

Earliest Recipe for mustard as condiment – Italy</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>4

00s<b>: 1st Horse Collar – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://nrich.maths.org/6070′><b>400s<b&gt;: 1st Precession in Calendar, Z.

Chongzi – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spaghetti#History’><b>400s<b&gt;: Cooking pasta

through boiling</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>4

00s<b>: 1st Pointed Arch Bridge – Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nalanda’><b>400s<b&gt;: 1st university, Nalanda –

Bihar, India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.eferaki.com/rakinin-tarihi’><b>400s<b&gt;: Raki first described –

Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”http://motherboard.vice.com/read/the-dark-ages-were-caused-by-two-

enormous-volcanic-eruptions’><b>500s<b>: Volcanic Eruption, Long Winter, start of

Dark Ages – Europe</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Extreme_weather_events_of_535%E2%80%93536′&gt;

<b>500s<b>: Cooling for two years, Northern Hemisphere</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3401800245.html’><b>500s<b&gt;:

Agriculture begins to feed more than Hunting – Southwest</a><br>

<a href=”http://absoluteparadise.com/hawaii/hawaii-history.html’><b>500s<b&gt;: Hawaii

first colonized</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>500s<b>:

Mogollon Culture – Arizona</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0002130.html’><b>500s<b&gt;: Hopewell

Culture ends – Ohio</a><br>

<a href=”https://archaeology.uiowa.edu/american-indian-archery-technology-

0′><b>500s<b>: Bow & Arrow adopted in Iowa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce06.htm’><b>500s<b&gt;: Peak of Mayan

empire</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wari_culture’><b>500s<b&gt;: Wari Culture begins

– Peru</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>500s<b>: Antioch Earthquake, 300k killed –

Turkey</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>500s<b>: All Universities closed in the

west</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>500s<b&gt;:

Closing of Schools in Athens, Justinian – Greece</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>500s<b>: 2nd Antioch Earthquake, 60k killed –

Turkey</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>500s

<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 400k-500k – Constantinople, Jiankang, Luoyang</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/the-history-of-chopsticks-

64935342/’><b>500s<b>: Chopsticks, imported from China – Japan</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_agriculture_and_food_technology’><b&gt;

500s<b>: Begin Canal System to connect Yellow and Yangtze Rivers – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/sui/’><b>500s<b&gt;:

Reunification under Sui Dynasty – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/sui/’><b>500s<b&gt;: Tang

Dynasty replaces Sui after only 38 years</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>500s<b>: Age of Small Kingdoms – India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Belarus#Early_history’><b>500s<b&gt;:

Expansion of Slavs into Eastern Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>500s<b&gt;:

Chalukya Dynasty begins – SW India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>500s<b&gt;:

Gupta Dynasty ends – N. India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>500s<b&gt;:

Vardhan Dynasty begins – Central India</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corpus_Juris_Civilis’><b>500s<b&gt;: Corpus Juris

Civillis – foundation of Common Law – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/classical-1000-bce-500-

ce/’><b>500s<b>: Law of Nature defined with public rights to air, water, and coast –

Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://quatr.us/africa/history/bantu.htm’><b>500s<b&gt;: Djenne-Djembo peak,

20,000 population – Mali</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kelasuri_Wall’><b>500s<b&gt;: Kelasuri Wall –

Georgia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Catherine%27s_Monastery’><b>500s<b&gt;:

Oldest extant Monastery in world, St. Catharine’s – Israel</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/classical-1000-bce-500-

ce/’><b>500s<b>: Goths sacking Rome for last time cut aqueducts to city –

Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce06.htm’><b>500s<b&gt;: Plato’s academy

closed to stamp out paganism – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Muhammad’><b>500s<b&gt;: Mohammed – Saudi

Arabia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2126.html’><b>500s<b&gt;: Introduction of

Buddhism  – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>500s<b&gt;: Book on

Agriculture, Qimin Yaoshu, by J. Sixie – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.deseretnews.com/article/865560133/A-brief-history-of-numbers-

and-counting-Part-2-Indian-invention-of-zero-was-huge-in-development-

of.html’><b>500s<b>: Zero as a written notation – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-knives’><b>500s<b&gt;: Oldest

Extant Copper Knife</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>5

00s<b>: 1st Penditive Dome, Hagia Sofia – Turkey</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>5

00s<b>: 1st Sulfur Matches for Fire – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://nrich.maths.org/6070′><b>500s<b&gt;: 1st Candle Clocks –

China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>5

00s<b>: 1st Toilet Paper – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hagia_Sophia’><b>500s<b&gt;: Hagia Sofia built –

Istanbul</a><br>

<a href=”http://localhistories.org/communications.html’><b>500s<b&gt;: Black Printing –

China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.thisdayinwine.com/wine-glass-brief-history/’><b>500s<b&gt;: 1st

stemware for Wine – France</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce05.htm’><b>500s<b&gt;: Camels established as

means of transportation – N. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_chess’><b>500s<b&gt;: Proto-Chess –

India</a><br>

<a

href=”http://faculty.washington.edu/qtaylor/a_us_history/0000_1600_timeline.htm’><b

>600s<b>: Bow and Arrow in Use</a><br>

<a

href=”http://faculty.washington.edu/qtaylor/a_us_history/0000_1600_timeline.htm’><b

>600s<b>: Corn growing in Northwest USA</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b><b>: 4th and final burning of the library

at Alexandria</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.slideshare.net/Shantimani/origin-of-hotel-industry’><b><b&gt;:

Monasteries provide lodging services – Europe</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b><b>: Damghan Earthquake, 40k killed –

Iran</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.fxcm.com/insights/the-history-of-currency/’><b><b&gt;: 1st paper

currency – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b><b&gt;:

Largest Cities, pop’n 400k-600k – Constantinople, CtesiphonIQ, Daxing,

Chang’an</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Ethiopia#Timeline’><b><b&gt;: Axum

empire begins to decline</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilal_ibn_Rabah’><b><b&gt;: 1st Muezzin, B. Ibn

Rabah – Saudi Arabia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Church_bell#History’><b><b&gt;: Church bells

officially permitted – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce06.htm’><b><b&gt;: Christianity spreads to

Arabia</a><br>

<a href=””the Stand”, Econonomist Nov 4-10, 2017′><b><b>: Great Schism begins

between Catholoicism and Orthodoxy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce07.htm’><b><b&gt;: Islam founded, Muhammad

– Mecca</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b><b&gt;: Vardhan

Dynasty ends – Central India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheolli_Jangseong’><b><b&gt;: Cheolli Jangseong

Walls begun to protect Korea from China – Korea</a><br>

<a href=”Cadogan Guide, Tokyo, Kyoto, & Ancient Nara’><b><b>: Buddhism comes to

Japan,  Asuka Period – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce07.htm’><b><b&gt;: Koran written –

Arabia</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Songora#History’><b><b&gt;: Rise of the Shenzi

Nation – Uganda</a><br>

<a

href=”http://web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimeline2.htm’><b><b

>: Islamic conquest of Egypt, K. Omar – Egypt</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2126.html’><b><b&gt;: Early Constitution of

Laws – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2126.html’><b><b&gt;: Fujiwara period begins

– Japan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce07.htm’><b><b&gt;: Split between Sunni  &

Shia in Islam</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b><b&gt;: Anglo-Saxon

takeover of England nearly complete</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b><b&gt;: Christianity

introduced to Anglo-Saxons, St. Augustine – UK</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Botswana’><b><b&gt;: Toutswe State

begins – Botswana</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b><b&gt;: Anglo-Saxon

Germanic distinct from continental language</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b><b&gt;: Northumbrian

Kingdom – UK</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/retropolis/wp/2017/09/29/the-

greatest-drug-fiends-in-the-world-an-american-opioid-crisis-in-

1908/?utm_term=.2cadc60974a9′><b><b>: Opium Poppy introduced to

China</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.seriouseats.com/2018/05/the-philly-pretzel-one-twisted-

jawn.html’><b><b>: 1st Pretzel</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plate_(dishware)#History’><b><b&gt;: Porcelain

developed – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://eduscapes.com/history/early/600.htm’><b><b&gt;: Woodblock printing –

China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>&lt;

b>: 1st Spinning Wheel – India</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>&lt;

b>: 1st Bank Note – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://localhistories.org/communications.html’><b><b&gt;: 1st printed book,

Diamond Sutra</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Canal_(China)#History’><b><b&gt;: Grand

Canal network completed – China</a><br>

<a href=”Mississippi Culture begins to 1500s’><b>700s<b>: Anasazi Culture –

NM</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce08.htm’><b>700s<b&gt;: Teotihuacan sacked

and burned</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.infoplease.com/us/race-population/major-pre-columbian-indian-

cultures-united-states’><b>700s<b>: Mississippi Culture begins – SE US</a><br>

<a

href=”http://web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimeline2.htm’><b>700

s<b>: Arab Slave Trade begins – N. Africa</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_human_migrations#Holocene_migrations’><b

>700s<b>: Tahiti colonized</a><br>

<a href=”Cadogan Guide, Tokyo, Kyoto, & Ancient Nara’><b>700s<b>: Kofun period

ends, Nara Period Begins – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world’><b>700s<b&gt;: Beginning

of the Islamic Golden Age</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_livre’><b>700s<b&gt;: Pound/Shilling/Sous

system of currency, Charlemagne – France</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>700s<b&gt;:

Hindu works translated into Arabic</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>700s

<b>: Largest City, pop’n 500k-1mil – Chang’an</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce08.htm’><b>700s<b&gt;: Taiho Code of state

authority – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>700s<b&gt;:

Battle of Tours, 1st confrontation between Islam & Christianity – France</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indepthinfo.com/parsley/history.shtml’><b>700s<b&gt;:

Charlemagne – France</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walls_of_Dubrovnik#Former_city_walls’><b>700s<b

>: Dubrovnik Walls – Croatia</a><br>

<a

href=”http://web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimeline2.htm’><b>700

s<b>: Moorish rule of Spain until 1490s</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>700s<b&gt;:

Rastrakuta Dynasty begins – SW India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b>700s<b&gt;: Mercian

Kingdom – UK</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce08.htm’><b>700s<b&gt;: Charlemagne rules

remnants of Roman  Empire</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce08.htm’><b>700s<b&gt;: 1st Viking raid of

Scotland</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>700s<b&gt;: Pala

Empire begins – SE India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b>700s<b&gt;: 1st

Viking Invasion of England</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.africanexecutive.com/modules/magazine/articles.php?article=403′><b

>700s<b>: Ghana Empire – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umayyad_Caliphate’><b>700s<b&gt;: Greatest

Extent of the Umayyad Caliphate – Sapin-Afghanistan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hops#History’><b>700s<b&gt;: 1st cultivation of

Hops – Germany</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce08.htm’><b>700s<b&gt;: Tea popular drink –

China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/food-timeline-1ad-

1199.html’><b>700s<b>: Use of knife to eat rather than fingers – France</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indepthinfo.com/parsley/history.shtml’><b>700s<b&gt;: Parsley

cultivated as food – France</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vodka#History’><b>700s<b&gt;: 1st distillation of

Vodka – Poland</a><br>

<a href=”http://assamteaxchange.com/abouttea/history.asp’><b>700s<b&gt;: Tea

cultivated, Gyoki – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.sharon-fruit.com/products/fresh-sharon-fruit’><b>700s<b&gt;:

Persimmons introduced to Japan from China</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.roofrocket.com/roofing_blog/roofs/history-of-

roofs/’><b>700s<b>: 1st thatched roofs developed – UK</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Question_mark’><b>700s<b&gt;: 1st Question

Mark – UK</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>7

00s<b>: 1st Mechanical Clock – China</a><br>

<a href=”Mobile Wave – Michael Saylor’><b>700s<b>: Printing – China</a><br>

<a href=”Mobile Wave – Michael Saylor’><b>700s<b>: Paper reaches Islamic

World</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.deseretnews.com/article/865560133/A-brief-history-of-numbers-

and-counting-Part-2-Indian-invention-of-zero-was-huge-in-development-

of.html’><b>700s<b>: Fractions – Iraq</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b>700s<b&gt;: 1st

English written texts, incl. Beowulf</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce08.htm’><b>700s<b&gt;: Establishment of BC

and AD year counting</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gear#History’><b>700s<b&gt;: 1st Mechanical

Clock</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories.asp?groupid=1970&History

ID=ab79&gtrack=pthc’><b>700s<b>: 1st large scale Canal works, Grand Canal –

China</a><br>

<a

href=”http://inventors.about.com/library/inventors/bl_history_of_transportation.htm’><b

>700s<b>: Horseshoes Invented</a><br>

<a href=”http://www2.apwa.net/documents/ResourceCenter/Rights-of-

Way_Mgt.pdf’><b>700s<b>: Toltec road network – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”Economist, a song of Ice and Fire, p 64, July 22, 2017′><b>800s<b>: Katla

eruption, 3 long winters – Iceland</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Iceland’><b>800s<b&gt;: 1st

Settlement of Iceland – Norway</a><br>

<a href=”https://boingboing.net/2018/01/29/domesticated-erect-

knotweed.html’><b>800s<b>: Eastern Agricultural Complex – Eastern US</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.wildmadagascar.org/history/’><b>800s<b&gt;: 1st Arab contact with

Madagascar</a><br>

<a href=”Cadogan Guide, Tokyo, Kyoto, & Ancient Nara’><b>800s<b>: Nara Period

ends, Heian perid begins – Japan</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>8

00s<b>: Algebra – Syria</a><br>

<a

href=”http://web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimeline2.htm’><b>800

s<b>: Trans Sahara gold trade – N. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/world-records/oldest-

university’><b>800s<b>: Oldest existing university, Karueein – Fez, Morocco</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Russia’><b>800s<b&gt;: Beginning of

Slavic Russian History – Novgorod</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce09.htm’><b>800s<b&gt;: Dublin founded –

Ireland</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>800s<b&gt;:

Algebra, Al-Khowarizmi – Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce09.htm’><b>800s<b&gt;: Cyrillic Alphabet

developed – Greece</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce09.htm’><b>800s<b&gt;: Beginning of Islamic

Renaissance, visit to Alexandria and Constantinople</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b>800s<b&gt;: 1st

British Navy, to repel Danes, Alfred – UK</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b>800s<b&gt;: Battle of

Edington, allowing Anglo-Saxons and Vikings a place in England</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmond_Becquerel’><b>800s<b&gt;: Monogamy

now the western standard of marriage</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>800s<b>: Damghan Earthquake, 200k killed –

Iran</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>800s<b>: Udaipur Earthquake, 160k killed –

India</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>800s<b>: Ardabil Earthquake, 150k killed –

Iran</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>800s<b>: Damascus Earthquake, 50k killed –

Syria</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>800s<b>: 2nd Damascus Earthquake, 70k killed –

Syria</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>800s<b>: Iran Earthquake, 45k killed –

Iran</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>800s<b>: Corinth Earthquake, 45k killed –

Turkey</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>800s<b>: Tunisia Earthquake, 45k killed –

Tunisia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>800s

<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 600k-1mil – Chang’an, Baghdad</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Gambia#History’><b>800s<b&gt;: Arab trade

reaches West Africa, trans-Sahara trade established</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce09.htm’><b>800s<b&gt;: Vikings colonize

Iceland</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Russia#Prehistory’><b>800s<b&gt;:

First United Slavic Nation, Kievan Rus – Russia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_abolition_of_slavery_and_serfdom’><b&gt;

800s<b>: Prohibition on holding other Christians as Slaves, John VIII</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b>800s<b&gt;: Wessex

Kingdom – UK</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.vox.com/2015/3/3/8053521/25-maps-that-explain-

english’><b>800s<b>: Danish invasion of Britain</a><br>

<a href=”http://spangenhelm.com/ivar-the-boneless/’><b>800s<b&gt;: Great Heathen

Army invasion, Ivar the Boneless – UK</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce09.htm’><b>800s<b&gt;: 1st Shogun –

Japan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/pallavadynasty.html’><b>800s<b&gt;:

Palava Dynasty rises – SE India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_Wall’><b>800s<b&gt;: Viking Assaults on

London</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sungbo%27s_Eredo’><b>800s<b&gt;: Sungbo’s

Eredo, defensive wall complex – Nigeria</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_Wall’><b>800s<b&gt;: Foundation of

Danelaw and Saxon Kingdoms – UK</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.africaresource.com/~africare/house/news/our-announcements/21-

the-history-of-coffee’><b>800s<b>: Coffee cultivated, Kaldi – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a

href=”http://robinsonlibrary.com/agriculture/agriculture/history/timeline.htm’><b>800s

<b>: Open Field/Fallow Griculutre – W. Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.thespruce.com/what-is-dutch-haring-1128696′><b>800s<b&gt;:

Pickling Herring – Netherlands</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scythe#History’><b>800s<b&gt;: Scythe in

common use – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/ancient-equivalent-

tablet-computer-found-turkey-dig-001639′><b>800s<b>: Tablet Navigational Aid –

Turkey</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>8

00s<b>: Numerical Zero – India</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>8

00s<b>: 1st Gunpowder – China</a><br>

<a href=”Seventy Great Inventions of the Ancient World – Brain Fagan,

ed.’><b>800s<b>: 1st Ice Skates – Sweden</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_books’><b>800s<b&gt;: 1st book,

Diamond Sutra – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.achrnews.com/articles/87035-an-early-history-of-comfort-

heating’><b>800s<b>: 1st Fireplaces – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.achrnews.com/articles/87035-an-early-history-of-comfort-

heating’><b>800s<b>: 1st clay brick stoves</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Compendious_Book_on_Calculation_by_Completi

on_and_Balancing’><b>800s<b>: Algebra in modern era, al-Khwarizmi –

Baghdad</a><br>

<a href=”http://www2.apwa.net/documents/ResourceCenter/Rights-of-

Way_Mgt.pdf’><b>800s<b>: Maya “White Way” network – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supervolcano’><b>900s<b&gt;: Baekdu eruption,

120 km3 – China</a><br>

<a

href=”http://faculty.washington.edu/qtaylor/a_us_history/0000_1600_timeline.htm’><b

>900s<b>: Tobacco in use – North America</a><br>

<a href=”http://knowledge.allianz.com/environment/climate_change/?624/climate-

timeline-a-short-history-of-the-earths-climate’><b>900s<b>: Beginning of Medieval

Warm Period</a><br>

<a href=”http://mentalfloss.com/article/50816/11-native-american-names-modern-us-

cities’><b>900s<b>: City of Ogapogee (Santa Fe)</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huastec_people’><b>900s<b&gt;: Huastec people –

Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Killke_culture’><b>900s<b&gt;: Killke Culture –

Peru</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>900s<b>:

Iroquois Culture –  NE</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>900s<b>:

Apache & Navajo – Alberta</a><br>

<a href=”http://geacron.com/home-

en/?v=m&lang=en&z=4&x=37.265626759201&y=26.1889615221&nd=-1&d=&di=-

338&tm=p&ct=0&ly=yyyyyyy&fi=-

500&ff=1500&sp=2&e=0&rp=0&re=0&nv=2&sid=GeaCron137365′><b>900s<b>: Maya

Empire ends – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ancient.eu.com/Toltec_Civilization/’><b>900s<b&gt;: Toltec Empire

Begins – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.palomar.edu/anthro/homo2/mod_homo_4.htm’><b>900s<b&gt;:

Beginning of colonization of New Zealand</a><br>

<a href=”Mobile Wave – Michael Saylor’><b>900s<b>: 100 book printers –

Baghdad</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b>900s<b&gt;:

Scandinavian loan words inform Old English</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce10.htm’><b>900s<b&gt;: Europeans begin to

use Arabic numerals</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce10.htm’><b>900s<b&gt;: Paper now official

state currency – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>900s

<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 450k-1.1mil – Chang’an, Baghdad, CordovaES</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Ethiopia#Timeline’><b>900s<b&gt;:

Rise of Zagwe dynasty, Queen Yodit – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce10.htm’><b>900s<b&gt;: Greenland colonized,

Erik the Red</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce10.htm’><b>900s<b&gt;: Ghana empire – W.

Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/tang/’><b>900s<b&gt;: Tang

Dynasty ends, Five Dynasties Period – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_abolition_of_slavery_and_serfdom’><b&gt;

900s<b>: Prohibition of Slave trade – Venice, Italy</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/history/tang/’><b>900s<b&gt;: Song

Dynasty begins – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>900s<b&gt;:

Kalachuri Dynasty begins – Central India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>900s<b&gt;:

Rastrakuta Dynasty ends – SW India</a><br>

<a

href=”http://web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimeline3.htm’><b>900

s<b>: Beginning of Hausa city-states – Nigeria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce10.htm’><b>900s<b&gt;: Cordoba premier city

in Europe – Spain</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>900s<b&gt;:

Tu’I Tonga Empire – Micronesia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>900s<b&gt;:

Hoysala Dynasty begins – SW India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>900s<b&gt;: Heavy iron

ploughs with mouldboards come to European farms</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/food-timeline-1ad-

1199.html’><b>900s<b>: 1st Fish farming – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_agriculture’><b>900s<b&gt;: Decline of

Canal Farning and  Mayan Empire – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://nrich.maths.org/6070′><b>900s<b&gt;: Candle Clocks in Use –

UK</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce10.htm’><b>900s<b&gt;: Playing Cards –

China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>9

00s<b>: Firearm, Fire Lance – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>9

00s<b>: Fireworks – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>9

00s<b>: Dry Docks – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce10.htm’><b>900s<b&gt;: Samurai –

Japan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce10.htm’><b>900s<b&gt;: Footbinding in women

– China</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.historyworld.net/wrldhis/plaintexthistories.asp?historyid=aa19′><b>9

00s<b>: Pound Lock, Chaio W. – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shopping_mall’><b>900s<b&gt;: Oldest Extant

Shopping Center, Grand Bazaar – Isfahan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.candyhistory.net/candy-origin/first-candy/’><b>900s<b&gt;:

Caramel invented – Saudi Arabia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_impact_craters_in_North_America’><b>1000

s<b>: Haviland Impact Crater – KS</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce11.htm’><b>1000s<b&gt;: Global warming, crop

success, High Middle Ages</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Ancient_culture’><b>1000s<b&gt;: Fort

Ancient Culture</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wari_culture’><b>1000s<b&gt;: Wari Culture ends,

overtaken by Killke Culture – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leif_Erikson’><b>1000s<b&gt;: Leif Ericsson settles

in Newfoundland from Greenland</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.southernropes.co.za/catalogue/history_of_ropes.html’><b>1000s<b&gt;

: Ropemaking – SW nations</a><br>

<a href=”http://environmentalhistory.org/ancient/middle-ages/’><b>1000s<b&gt;: New

Forest founded – UK</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce10.htm’><b>1000s<b&gt;: World GDP

$435/capita</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce19-2.htm’><b>1000s<b&gt;: Europe GDP,

$400/capita</a><br>

<a href=””Origin of Virtue” – Matt Ridley’><b>1000s<b>: 1st modern trade guild,  Lex

mercatoria</a><br>

<a href=”http://localhistories.org/middle.html’><b>1000s<b&gt;: Population of London:

18,000</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce10.htm’><b>1000s<b&gt;: Mogadishu founded –

Somalia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~kemmer/Words/chron.html’><b>1000s<b&gt;: Middle-

English common language, Norman noble language</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.xat.org/xat/moneyhistory.html’><b>1000s<b&gt;: Bank storage and

lending system</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_oldest_universities_in_continuous_operation#F

ounded_before_1500′><b>1000s<b>: 1st University established in west –

Bologna</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>1000s<b>: Ramala Earthquake, 70k killed –

Palestine</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>1000s<b>: Tabriz Earthquake, 50k killed –

Iran</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>1000

s<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 400k-1.2mil – Baghdad, Kaifeng, CordovaES,

Constantinople</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Ethiopia#Timeline’><b>1000s<b&gt;:

Zagwe dynasty – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Turkey#Early_history_of_the_Turks’><b

>1000s<b>: Seljuk Empire founded – Turkey</a><br>

<a

href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corpus_Juris_Civilis#Recovery_in_the_West’><b>100

0s<b>: Recovery of Corpus Juris Civilis – Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>1000s<b&gt;:

Battle of Hastings, last time England was invaded by a foregn army – UK</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.vox.com/2015/3/3/8053521/25-maps-that-explain-

english’><b>1000s<b>: Norman invasion of Britain, forming Middle English, W.

Conqueror</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce11.htm’><b>1000s<b&gt;: Mughals begin

invasion of India</a><br>

<a

href=”http://www.africanexecutive.com/modules/magazine/articles.php?article=403′><b

>1000s<b>: Mali Empire – Africa</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Cid’><b>1000s<b&gt;: El Cid – Spain</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheolli_Jangseong’><b>1000s<b&gt;: Cheolli

Jangseong walls complete – Korea</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Kano_City_Walls’><b>1000s<b&gt;: Kano

City Walls – Nigeria</a><br>

<a

href=”http://web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/timelines/htimeline2.htm’><b>100

0s<b>: Sonnike Empire at peak – Mauritania</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walls_of_Basel’><b>1000s<b&gt;: Basel City Walls

– Switzerland</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Botswana’><b>1000s<b&gt;: Bantu

Expansion reaches S. Africa</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.math.wichita.edu/~richardson/timeline.html#’><b>1000s<b&gt;:

First Crusade</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hops’><b>1000s<b&gt;: 1st use of Hops in

Beer</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.foodreference.com/html/html/food-timeline-1ad-

1199.html’><b>1000s<b>: Roasting of Coffee Beans to make a beverage – Saudi

Arabia</a><br>

<a href=”http://thenibble.com/reviews/main/fruits/lemon-types.asp’><b>1000s<b&gt;:

Lemons cultivated – Spain</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.roofrocket.com/roofing_blog/roofs/history-of-

roofs/’><b>1000s<b>: 1st wood shingle roofs developed – UK</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.timetoast.com/timelines/the-history-of-the-

compass’><b>1000s<b>: 1st compass, Iron Fish – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_timekeeping_devices’><b>1000s<b&gt;:

1st Geared Clock  -Iberia</a><br>

<a href=”’><b>1000s<b>: Most Elaborate Water Clock, S. Sung – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>1

000s<b>: 1st Bessemer smelting – China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>1

000s<b>: 1st Ambulance – Lebanon</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce11.htm’><b>1000s<b&gt;: Crossbow

condemned by Pope Urban II</a><br>

<a href=”Mobile Wave – Michael Saylor’><b>1000s<b>: 1st paper mill in Europe –

Valencia, ES</a><br>

<a href=”http://localhistories.org/middle.html’><b>1000s<b&gt;: 1st Medical School –

Salerno, IT</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce11.htm’><b>1000s<b&gt;: 1st execution for

heresy – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.voxeu.org/article/monetary-theory-chinese-historical-

perspective’><b>1000s<b>: 1st paper money, China</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alhazen’><b>1000s<b&gt;: 1st Glass Lenses – al-

Hazen</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.apartmenttherapy.com/a-quick-history-of-forks-

164153′><b>1000s<b>: 1st fork in modern Europe – Venice</a><br>

<a href=”Technics and Civilization – Lewis Mumford’><b>1000s<b>: 1st Movable Type

Printing, Bi Sheng – China</a><br>

<a href=”Technics and Civilization – Lewis Mumford’><b>1000s<b>: 1st Decimal

system</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eilmer_of_Malmesbury’><b>1000s<b&gt;: 1st

attempt at gliding, Elmer of Malmesbury – England</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.rawstory.com/rs/2014/08/05/archaeologists-piece-together-

evidence-of-bloody-apocalypse-in-12th-century-america/’><b>1100s<b>: Pueblo

massacre – CO</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Anasazi abandon

dwellings after drought – AZ</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hopi’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Hopi Culture begins –

NM</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.ancient.eu.com/Toltec_Civilization/’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Toltec Empire

Ends – Mexico</a><br>

<a href=”http://www2.apwa.net/documents/ResourceCenter/Rights-of-

Way_Mgt.pdf’><b>1100s<b>: Begin Inca Highway network – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saksaywaman’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Saksaywaman

Fortress – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.infoplease.com/us/race-population/major-pre-columbian-indian-

cultures-united-states’><b>1100s<b>: Mogollon Culture ends – NM</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: University of Paris

founded</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Oxford University

founded</a><br>

<a href=”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trigonometry#History’><b>1100s<b&gt;:

Trigonometry mature – Ottoman Empire</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lord_High_Treasurer#Origins’><b>1100s<b&gt;:

1st Treasury – UK</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 1st trials by human

testimony – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”Origin of Virtue – Matt Ridley’><b>1100s<b>: 1st modern use of credit among

merchants – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_banking#Rome’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 1st

Foreign Exchange Contract</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>1100s<b>: Aleppo Earthquake, 230k killed –

Syria</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 1st Gun control Law,

Crossbow ban by Catholic Church</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_world#Early_humans’><b>1100s<b

>: Angkor Wat Temple – Burma</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Towns becoming

important settlement form – Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Slavery abolished –

Iceland</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: University of Bologna

founded</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Notre Dame

Cathedral – Paris</a><br>

<a href=”http://localhistories.org/middle.html’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 2nd medical school –

Montpelier, FR</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.xat.org/xat/moneyhistory.html’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 1st state

currency, Tally sticks – England</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>1100s<b>: 2nd Aleppo Earthquake, 80k killed –

Syria</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_natural_disasters_by_death_toll#Ten_deadlie

st_natural_disasters_since_1900′><b>1100s<b>: Khorasan Earthquake, 60k killed –

Iran</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_largest_cities_throughout_history’><b>1100

s<b>: Largest Cities, pop’n 200k-1.2mil – Baghdad, Kaifeng, Constantinople,

MervTU</a><br>

<a href=”https://www.fxcm.com/insights/the-history-of-currency/’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 1st

paper mill in Europe – Spain</a><br>

<a href=”http://visit-miyajima-japan.com/en/culture-and-heritage/spiritual-heritage-

temples-shrines/le-torii-flottant.html’><b>1100s<b>: Great Torii – Miyajima,

Japan</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moscow_Kremlin_Wall’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 1st

Kremlin Wall – Moscow</a><br>

<a href=”Cadogan Guide, Tokyo, Kyoto, & Ancient Nara’><b>1100s<b>: Heian Period

ends, Kamakura period begins – Japan</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>1100s<b&gt;:

Kalachuri Dynasty ends – Central India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.grunge.com/61883/untold-truth-mafia/’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Beati

Paoli formed, precursor to Mafia – Sicily</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>1100s<b&gt;:

Pala Empire ends – SE India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Songora#History’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Collapse of

the Shenzi Empire – Uganda</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_abolition_of_slavery_and_serfdom’><b&gt;

1100s<b>: First ban of Slavery – Iceland</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_Ship’><b>1100s<b&gt;: The White Ship

incident in the English Channel – France</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Anarchy’><b>1100s<b&gt;: The Anarchy,

lasting for 19 years – UK</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Knights_Templar#Final_attempts_to_

regain_the_Holy_Land_.281298.E2.80.931300.29′><b>1100s<b>: Knights Templar

founded</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 2nd Crusade –

Germany/France > Jerusalem</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 3rd

Crusade</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Mughal invasion of

India</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.indianmirror.com/dynasty/dynasty-home.html’><b>1100s<b&gt;:

Kakatiya Dynasty begins – SE India</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethiopian_Empire’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Abyssinian

Empire begun – Ethiopia</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Belfast founded –

Ireland</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Copenhagen founded

– Denmark</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kumquat#Origin’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Kumquat

cultivated – China</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 1st use of Sugar in

Europe</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Tea introduced to

Japan from China</a><br>

<a

href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_historic_inventions#3rd_century’><b>1

100s<b>: 1st compass navigation – China</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spaghetti#History’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 1st Spaghetti

– Italy</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 1st use of Movable

type Printing – Korea</a><br>

<a href=”http://localhistories.org/transport.html’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 1st European use of

Compass</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: Calculus invented,

Bhaskara – India</a><br>

<a href=”http://localhistories.org/middletime.html’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 1st glass windows

since Roman Empire</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 1st use of windmills

– Netherlands</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.fsmitha.com/time/ce12.htm’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 1st compass –

China</a><br>

<a href=”http://localhistories.org/transport.html’><b>1100s<b&gt;: 1st Rudder for

steering ships</a><br>

<a href=”Critical Path – Buckminster Fuller’><b>1100s<b>: 1st use of Cannon, Moors –

Spain</a><br>

<a

href=”http://faculty.washington.edu/qtaylor/a_us_history/0000_1600_timeline.htm’><b

>1200s<b>: Peak population, 15k-40k, of Cahokia – St. Louis, MO</a><br>

<a href=”http://knowledge.allianz.com/environment/climate_change/?624/climate-

timeline-a-short-history-of-the-earths-climate’><b>1200s<b>: End of Medieval Warm

Period</a><br>

<a href=”https://www2.palomar.edu/anthro/homo2/mod_homo_4.htm’><b>1200s<b&gt;:

Large, flightless birds extinct – New Zealand</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Killke_culture’><b>1200s<b&gt;: Killke Culure

succeeded by Inca – Peru</a><br>

<a href=”http://www.footprinttravelguides.com/latin-america/peru/history/inca-

dynasty/’><b>1200s<b>: Inca empire begins to 1532 – South America</a><br>

<a href=”https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aymara_people’><b>1200s<b&gt;: Aymara Culture

– Bolivia</a><br>

&