We spent our time in cities, but all around we saw evidence of a well thought out but urgent drainage system. I asked my friend Micheal if there was a rainy season, hoping for cheap airfares on a later return. He affirmed that Japan had a “bitch” of a rainy season, but they were proud of their water quality and quantity.
Contrast with the US, where we still try desperately to jettison it off of the roads to enable vehicular traction.
Channelized Stream, Nara
Gazebo using water as feature, not nuisance
Buddha catches Fish. Very pissed off fish
Fast-flowing urban stream, Kyoto
Deliberate increase of roughness in gutter of Shinto Shrine, Ueno Park, Tokyo
Kingfisher in reeds, Shinbazuno Pond, Ueno Park, Tokyo
Diversion Weir for high runoff events to the right, more meandering )still channelized) stream to the left
Simple bridge, Urban Stream, Kyoto
Curve of the stream, channelized, Nara
Flooded Rice Paddies, seen from train between Tokyo and Kyoto
Imagine what it takes to keep this stormwater grate from clogging, Walking Street, Tokyo
Heron in urban stream, Kyoto
Japanese Gardens and Pond, Tokugawa compound, Kyoto
Drainage with trash rack between walkways between shrines, Kyoto
Deliberately rough gutters, Yoyogi Park
Torii (Gateway between Sacred and Profane) in infiltration trench, Kyoto
Stream with deer, Nara
Moat, developed from wetlands of Edo, Imperial Castle, Tokyo
Deep gutter with raven, deeper because of shallow grade. Note slotted inlet curb installed since 1900.
Channelized River near Heian Shrine, Kyoto
Balconies on the west bank of the Kamo River, Kyoto
Deep Gutter next to the uninsulated shed of Tokugawa castle. The most opulent residence of the Shogun c. 1650 provided shelter from sun and wet, but not the cold.