We spent our time in cities, but all around we saw evidence of a well thought out but urgent drainage system. I asked my friend Micheal if there was a rainy season, hoping for cheap airfares on a later return. He affirmed that Japan had a “bitch” of a rainy season, but they were proud of their water quality and quantity.
Contrast with the US, where we still try desperately to jettison it off of the roads to enable vehicular traction.
Channelized Stream, Nara
Diversion Weir for high runoff events to the right, more meandering )still channelized) stream to the left
Simple bridge, Urban Stream, Kyoto
Curve of the stream, channelized, Nara
Deliberate increase of roughness in gutter of Shinto Shrine, Ueno Park, Tokyo
Channelized River near Heian Shrine, Kyoto
Deep Gutter next to the uninsulated shed of Tokugawa castle. The most opulent residence of the Shogun c. 1650 provided shelter from sun and wet, but not the cold.
Drainage with trash rack between walkways between shrines, Kyoto
Kingfisher in reeds, Shinbazuno Pond, Ueno Park, Tokyo
Japanese Gardens and Pond, Tokugawa compound, Kyoto
Deep gutter with raven, deeper because of shallow grade. Note slotted inlet curb installed since 1900.
Gazebo using water as feature, not nuisance
Moat, developed from wetlands of Edo, Imperial Castle, Tokyo
Heron in urban stream, Kyoto
Balconies on the west bank of the Kamo River, Kyoto
Deliberately rough gutters, Yoyogi Park
Torii (Gateway between Sacred and Profane) in infiltration trench, Kyoto
Buddha catches Fish. Very pissed off fish
Imagine what it takes to keep this stormwater grate from clogging, Walking Street, Tokyo
Stream with deer, Nara
Flooded Rice Paddies, seen from train between Tokyo and Kyoto
Fast-flowing urban stream, Kyoto